ch 2 lesson 4-6

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Mercantilism

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107 Terms

1

Mercantilism

Economic system used by European countries

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2

Goal of Mercantilism

Become self sufficient- limit dependency on other countries

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3

mother country

In mercantilism colonies are set up to benefit the ____.

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4

M and M theory

Colonies supply the mother country with (______)

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5

Raw materials

______ ____made into finished goods (lumber)

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6

Markets

_____ for manufactured goods (furniture) colonists buy

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7

gold and silver

  • More coming in then going out

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8

export more than import

favorable balance of trade (sell more goods than it bought)

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9

reliable and consistent

Effects on the 13 colonies benefits A ______ and _____ market for raw materials

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10

manufactured goods

effects on 13 colonies benefits received a steady supply of

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11

shipbuilding

effects on 13 colonies benefits created some industry in the colonies like _____

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12

european countries

effects on 13 colonies drawbacks could not buy goods or sell good to other

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13

manufacture their own gods

effects on 13 colonies drawbacks colonists were not allowed to

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14

england (colonists started to smuggle

effects on 13 colonies drawbacks forced to buy from

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15

no free enterprise

Proublem - Britain dictated prices

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16

seeds to the revolution are planted

system angered colonists

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17

cotton, tobacco, iron etc

Raw materials such as _____ went to england

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18

manufactured products

_____ went back to the colonies

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19

King charles 2 and parliament tighten its control

The navigation acts passed by ______ and _____ then caused britain to

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20

navigation acts

A series of laws to regulate and boost colonial economies

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21

the rules of Mercantilism

Navigation acts forced colonists to follow

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22

promoted shipbuilding and supervision of trade

started in 1660 no country could trade with the colonies unless the goods were in English or colonial ships

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23

created job opportunities - sailors

all ships had to have crews that were 3/4 english or colonial

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24

enumerated articles - list varied depending on need

Colonies could export certain products only to England

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25

tax placed on them - revenue maker for england

most goods had to pass through english ports

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26

the english and the colonists

This system benefited both

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27

dockworkers and lumber industry

creation of jobs like

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28

(Tariffs) - tax on foreign goods

increase in import taxes

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29

helped the colonial economy

boom in shipbuilding

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30

highest price

colonists could not sell goods for the

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31

free market did not exist

limited the market for goods

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32

break the law - smuggle goods

many colonist began to

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33

1685 king charles 2

dies - his brother james 2 takes over sends a message

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34

new england colonies

james 2 tightened control over _____ by revoking their charters

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35

new york and new jersey, new england colonies

combines ____ and with ____ colonies into one vast colony

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36

dominion of New England

called the combination of NY and NJ with New england the _____ - it punished colonists for smuggling

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37

local government officials

____ were replaced by king appointed officials

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38

Edmond Andros

____ was appointed Governor - strict ruler who made enemies fast

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39

puritan beliefs, all voting rights

Edmond Andros questioned _____ and took away ______.

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40

anti parliament, catholic

King James 2 was not popular- ______ and was a _____

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41

Parliament

_____ feared a potential long catholic dynasty of kings

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42

Protestant daughter

James 2 had a _____- Mary - Parliament wanted her to lead

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43

Bloodless revolution

1689- Parliament led a "____"

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44

Mary and her husband William

King james 2 fled, and _____ became joint monarchs

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45

Colonists over throw him

since james 2 appointed Edmund Andros- _____ Dominion of new england is over

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46

monarchy's power

parliament would limit the _____ and increase theirs

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47

English Bill of Rights

Parliament created the _______- guaranteed individual rights and freedoms

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48

1691

_____- England begins to loosen its reign over the colonies

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49

Salutary neglect

A policy which allowed the colonies self rule and to develop without over regulation

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50

colonial cooperation

In return England expected _____ with economic policies and loyalty

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51

intellectual movement, the enlightenment

philosophical and ______ that emphasized the use of reason and believed that the world is governed by fixed mathematical and scientific laws

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52

government, society, economics

In the 1700s ideas were applied to ____,_____, ______

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53

Europeans

The enlightenment was led by

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54

natural rights

John locke

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social contract

jean jacques rousseau

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56

three branches system of government

baron de montesquieu

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57

ben franklin

the key American enlightenment figure was _____ who used experimentation to acquire knowledge

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58

author

Ben franklin was the _____ of several almanacs and books

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59

Republicanism

Effect of the enlightenment - A government chosen by the people

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60

natural rights

Effect of the enlightenment - guaranteed for all - life, liberty, property

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61

social contract

Effect of the enlightenment - the _____ theory of government which allows for peaceful transition of power

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62

three branch system

Effect of the enlightenment- establishment of the _____- legislative, executive, judicial

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experimentation

Effect of the enlightenment- increase interest in math, science, and ______

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64

higher education

Effect of the enlightenment- Interests in _______ grew and established schools like Princeton, Brown, Dartmouth, and Colombia

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65

American Revolution

challenging authority - ideas lead to the _______

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66

religious movement, the great awakening

An emotional _______ whose goal was to bring people back to the church and rededicate themselves to God.

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67

1700s

The great awakening happened in ____

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68

Jonathan Edwards, George Whitefield

key leaders in the great awakening

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69

energetic and dramatic

Preachers held _____ sermons outside in front of hundreds sometimes thousands of people

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70

18,000

George Whitefield gave over _____ sermons throughout the colonies

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71

scare

The most famous sermon was Jonathan Edwards's "sinners in the hands of an angry go"- attempted to _____ people back to religion

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membership

effects of great awakening - _______ to churches increased across the colonies

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authority, freedom of religion

effects of great awakening - Challenged the ___ of established and existing churches - promoted _______

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new churches

effects of great awakening - Created _______ like the Baptist and Methodist congregations

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worship, government

effects of great awakening - colonists began to believe that if they could chose their method of _____ they should have the right to choose their own form of ______.

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76

New england colonies

conflict with natives over land

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77

new england

susbsistence farmers, short growing season, corn

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78

middle colonies

friendly relations with natives

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middle colonies

a mixed economy

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80

south colonies

inadequate education system

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81

southern colonies

charleston largest port city

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similarties between colonies

population increased, slaves, farming, triangular trade, cash crops

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83

Magna carta

English document from 1215 that limited the power of the king and provided basic rights

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84

250,000

By 1700s how many people of European background lived in the colonies

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85

90%

During the 1600s what was the percentage of people who moved to the colonies that were from england

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86

50%

How many of these people came over as indentured servants

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87

economy improved and political and religious conflict ended

After 1660 why did an increasing number of English choose to stay in England

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88

United kingdom of Great Britian formed - England, wales, scotland (same king)

what political event allowed the Scottish to gain easier access to the colonies after 1707

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89

Pennsylvania to carolinas, mountains west to mountainous "backcountry"

where did most of the Scots-irish settle once arriving in the colonies

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90

War, taxes, and religious persecution

what were some factors that motivated Germans to migrate to the colonies

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91

Pennsylvania

what colony did the german immigrants settle in and become prosperous

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92

mid 1600s

when did most colonies begin to pass laws that supported the permanent enslavement of Africans

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93

1.5 million

During the 1700s approximately how many slaves did the British colonies import

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94

colonial economies revolve around trading slaves and providing food and goods to the west indies to feed slaves

How did american colonists grow rich from the slave trade

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95

Triangular Trade

Enslaved Africans came to the Americas as part of a three-part voyage

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96

middle passage

The forced transport of enslaved Africans from West Africa to the Americas

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97

10%

what percentage of salved died before they reached the colonies due to these conditions

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98

slave acutions

where did colonists buy African slaves once they reached America

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99

to make escape or rebelling more difficult

why were slave families broken up by colonial buyers

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100

Farmhands, dockworkers, sailors, house servants

identify what types of jobs slaves in the middle and new england colonies performed

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