UNIT 1 NEW TESTAMENT TEST

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Divine revelation

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Theology

9th

116 Terms

1

Divine revelation

God’s communication of himself and his loving plan to save us, which is realized by deeds and words over time and most fully by his sending us Jesus Christ (his son).

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Through God’s Divine Revelation, He is completing His work in

Salvation History

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3

Sacred Tradition

Living transmission of the Church’s Gospel message found in the Church’s teaching, life, and worship.

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Gospel

Literally means “good news.”

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5

Why did God offer His son?

God offered his only Son, Jesus Christ, to bridge the gap between humanity and the eternal life of salvation; to save the world from sin and death.

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Incarnation

The assumption of a human nature by Jesus Christ, God’s eternal Son, who became man in order to save humankind from sin. The term literally means ‘being made flesh”.

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7

By means of the Incarnation God displayed tremendous ___ for human beings.

Empathy

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8

Purposes of the Incarnation?

Saves, World, Model of Holiness, and Nature

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What is the significance of “Saves” in the purpose of the Incarnation?

The word-made-flesh saves all of humanity by reconciling human beings with the Father. Jesus’ great sacrifice and love heals human nature, overcomes sin, and brings about everlasting life.

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What is the significance of “World” in the purpose of the Incarnation?

As God’s Son, Jesus reveals God’s love to the WORLD.

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What is the significance of “Model of Holiness” in the purpose of the Incarnation?

Jesus teaches that the path to holiness is for people to give themselves to others in imitation of him: “Love one another as I have loved you.”

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12

What is the significance of “Nature” in the purpose of the Incarnation?

By becoming man, Jesus makes it possible for us to share in God’s nature. As St. Athanasius once said, “For the Son of God became man so that we might become God.”

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13

TACITUS

Roman historian who verified that Jesus’ public life took place during Emperor Tiberius’s reign.

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14

SUETONIUS

Romeo biographer who states Emperor Claudine’s kicks the Jews out of town who were incited by “Chrestus” (term for JC)

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PLINY THE YOUNGER

Writer who wrote a letter to the emperor Trajan asking for advice on legal proceedings for those accused of Christianity.

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JOSEPHUS

Jewish historian who did not question historical existence of Jesus; Jesus was a “doer of wonderful works”; a teacher who was sentenced to death by Pontus Pilate and who appeared alive again to his followers.

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17

CHRISTIAN PRIMARY SOURCES

Matthew, Mark, Luke, and John.

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18

Historical Fact About Jesus

Born as a Palestine Jew in Bethlehem between 6 and 4 BC of a woman named Mary; Lived in Nazareth, in Galilee; trade-carpentry; Around AD 28 he was baptized by his cousin, John the Baptist, and began his public ministry teaching of God’s Kingdom and messages of repentance.

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FINAL HISTORICAL FACT ABOUT JESUS

AD 30 or 33- Jesus was arrested by Jewish and Roman authorities and turned over to Pontius Pilate. Pilate sentenced him with cruelest form of capital punshment- crucifixion.

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4 Ways to Meet Jesus Today

Sacred Scripture, the Sacraments, Prayer, and Others.

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21

AD

Anno Domini (Latin for “In the year of the Lord”)

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BC

Before Christ

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BCE and CE

Before the Common Era and Common Era; Faith vs. Secular Sources.

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MEANING OF THE NAME “JESUS”

“God Saves” “YHWH is Salvation” ; derives from the Hebrew name Joshua ; the meaning of the name shows that the very name of God is present in the person who would redeem and save humanity from its sins and ultimately from death.

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25

MEANING OF THE NAME “CHRIST”

“Anointed One” ; derives from the Greek word Christop’s, which, in turn, translates the Hebrew word “mashiach” (“messiah”).

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The ___ was to be God’s Anointed One, the promised one born into the lineage of King David. God anointed Jesus with the Holy Spirit to inaugurate God’s Kingdom of peace, love, and service.

Messiah

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MEANING OF THE NAME “SON OF GOD”

“Shares the same divine nature as God the Father” ; means that he is the only Son of God who shares the same nature as God the Father ; his words and miracles reveal his divinity, a truth which became clear to the Apostles after the Resurrection

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MEANING OF THE NAME “LORD”

“Jesus is God” ; Lord translates the Greek word Kyrios, which in turn renders the Hebrew word Adonai ; Jesus is God ; Jesus is the Lord of life and the power, honor, and glory that are owed to God are also owed to Jesus.

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29

Old Testament Books

Pentateuch, Historical, Wisdom, and Prophetic.

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30

New Testament Books

Gospels, Acts of the Apostles, Pauline Letters, Letters to the Hebrews, Catholic Letters, and the Book of Revelation.

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31

The Old Testament books **_ the New Testament books, and the New Testament books ___ the Old Testament books.

Prepare for; fulfill

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32

What does “testament” mean?

Covenant

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What does “kanon” mean?

“Measuring rod” or “norm”

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34

Criteria for inclusion in Scripture.

Apostolic Origin, Widespread Acceptance, and Conformity.

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What is Apostolic Origin?

Inspired by the witnesses of the Apostles themselves, aka, those who had direct contact with Jesus and able to preserve the true testimony of Jesus.

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What is Widespread Acceptance?

Writings must be widely circulated and accepted by the Church at that time.

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What is Conformity?

Writings must reflect the traditional faith of the early Church about Jesus and his teachings. Can NOT stray from the truth (heresy).

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38

New Covenant

The climax of Salvation History, the coming of Jesus Christ, and the fullness of God’s Revelation.

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39

How many books are in the NT total?

27

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40

That Gospel life! Meaning…

Good news preached by Jesus; The Good News of salvation won in the Person of Jesus Christ; Four written accounts of the Good News- Matthew, Mark, Luke, and John.

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41

Formation of the Gospels

Public life and teachings of Jesus (6-4 BC to AD 30-33); Oral Tradition (AD 30-50); The New Testament Writings (AD 50-120)

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42

5 Subcategories of the Historical-Literary Method

Source; historical; form; redaction; and textual.

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43

Synoptic Gosepls

“Seen together” ; Specifically Matthew, Mark, and Luke.

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44

When writing the Gospels, they took information from ___.

Each book; the three books are connected and “seen together.”

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45

Historical Criticism

Attempts to discover literal meaning through analysis of ancient languages, customs, tradition, archaeology, etc; asks if the text is original, if there are different sources, and if its consistent.

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46

Form Criticism

Focuses on the style of writing (literary forms, genres); Helps one read intelligently; Religious message vs. historical accuracy.

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47

Redaction Criticism

“Redact” means “editor for publication”; How and why?; Mindful of audience.

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48

Textual Criticism

No original copies of the evangelists manuscripts; assesses all the tweaks, changes, and mistakes copyists have made over the years to ensure accuracy (MINOR DIFFERENCES!!!!)

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49

Source (matching challenge)

We must reflect on where information came from.

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50

Historical (matching challenge)

Analyzes language, consistency, convergence, and originality to determine that what the Gospels report about Jesus can be traced directly back to him.

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51

Form (matching challenge)

Is aware of literary differences so I can intelligently read the New Testament.

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52

Textual (matching challenge)

Assesses any mistakes that copyists might have made from the original translations of the Bible to ensure accuracy in translations today.

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Redaction (matching challenge)

Given the different portrayals of Jesus, we ask how and why the authors arranged their works in the way they did.

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54

Analogy of faith

The coherence of the truths of faith among themselves and within the whole plan of Revelation.

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55

Some Jewish officials brought Jesus to trial and found him guilty of ___, of claiming to be God’s Son.

Blasphemy

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56

By becoming man Jesus makes it possible for human beings to share in God’s ___.

Nature

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57

God’s ___ for human beings is so great that he send his Son, Jesus Christ.

Love

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58

The prophet who baptized Jesus.

John the Baptist

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59

A thirteenth-century heretical group who ritually mocked the Lord’s name.

Albigensians

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60

The Seven Sacraments are efficacious signs of ___, instituted by Christ and given to the Church.

Grace

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61

“Lord” translates the Greek word Kyrios, which in turn renders the Hebrew word ___.

Adonai

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62

A term which literally means “being made flesh.”

Incarnation

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63

The name Jesus literally means ___.

“He saves”

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64

With the coming of Jesus Christ and the sending of the Holy Spirit, Revelation is ___.

Complete

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65

Through the ___, the Holy Spirit dispenses divine life to you.

Sacraments

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66

Literally, “Good News.”

Gospel

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67

Jesus claimed to be “King of the Jews,” a crime interpreted under Roman law as ___ against the Roman emperor.

Sedition

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68

In New Testament times, the title ___ could refer to a ruler or some powerful person.

Lord

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69

Jesus serves as the perfect model of ___.

Holiness

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70

The pope and bishops are their successors.

Apostles

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71

By using the Greek word sarx, meaning “flesh,” the author of John’s Gospel was insisting that Jesus was truly ___.

Human

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John’s Gospel connects belief in Jesus as God’s Son to our achieving ___ life.

Eternal

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73

The ___ of salvation history was the coming of the Messiah.

Climax

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74

One of the famous Old Testament prophets who some associated with Jesus.

Elijah

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75

St. ___ gave up her life for her child.

Gianna

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A first-century heresy that taught that Jesus only seemed to be a man.

Docetism

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77

The purpose of this text is to help you to answer the question “___?”

Who is Jesus

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78

The word Magisterium refers to the Christ-appointed teaching authority that resides in the pope and ___ in communion with him.

Bishops

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79

Christ bestowed the right and power to teach in his name on ___ and the Apostles and their successors.

Peter

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80

A sacred agreement between God and human beings.

Covenant

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81

An obstinate denial after Baptism of a truth that must be believed with faith, or an obstinate doubt of such truth.

Heresy

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The bishop of Rome

Pope

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83

The Babylonian ___ is a non-Christian source which refers to Jesus as someone who practiced magic and was crucified.

Talmud

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84

Another name for the Pentateuch.

Torah

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85

He wrote the majority of the New Testament letters.

Paul

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86

Means the Holy Spirit inspired the human authors of the Bible to write what God wanted written on our behalf.

Divine inspiration

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87

Another name for the New Testament letters.

Epistles

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88

A word meaning “universal.”

Catholic

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89

A non-Christian source which tells how the emperor expelled the Jews from Rome on account of the riots in which they were constantly indulging, at the instigation of “Chrestus.”

Suetonius

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90

The oldest complete edition of the Old Testament; a Greek translation of earlier Hebrew texts.

Septuagint

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91

The ___ Books include: Job, Psalms, Proverbs, and Sirach.

Wisdom

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92

He received instructions from the emperor to punish any believing Christians, but also said that ___ should not go looking for them.

Pliny

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93

The ___ Books include: Isaiah, Jeremiah, Ezekiel, Daniel, Hosea, and Micah.

Prophetic

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94

A Latin term that literally means “preacher of the Gospel.”

Evangelist

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95

The ___ includes : Genesis, Exodus, Leviticus, Numbers, and Deuteronomy.

Pentateuch

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96

The process of religious instruction and formation in the major elements of the Catholic faith.

Cathechesis

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97

A Greek word for “preaching.”

Kerygma

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98

The Acts of the Apostles is a continuation of this Gospel.

Luke

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99

This type of biblical criticism focuses on the evangelists as editors.

Redaction

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100

A non-Christian source who specifically mentions John the Baptist and the execution of James the Just, the leader of the Jerusalem church.

Josephus

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