FA 200 Midterm

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Aristotle

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107 Terms

1

Aristotle

Greek philosopher responsible for the first written works on dramatic theory

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2

Dionysus (Bacchus)

The ancient Greek (or Roman) god of agriculture, wine, and fertility.

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3

Thespis

He is believed to be the first principal actor separate from the chorus.

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4

The Poetics

The earliest-surviving work of dramatic theory

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5

plot

What happens in a play; the order of events, the story; what happens rather than what it means.

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6

theme

what the production means as opposed to what happens; the main idea within the production

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7

character

the personality or the part an actor represents in a production that acts out the story

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8

language

the word choices made by the writer. does not necessarily have to be spoken

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9

music/rhythm

the sounds and melodies of the speeches within a production

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10

spectacle

the visual elements of the production; the scenery, costumes, and special effects in a production

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11

denouement

The consequences of the outcome of the climax. Ties things up neatly and ends the story.

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12

rising action

a series of event s after the inciting incident leading toward the climax

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13

inciting incident

the moment that starts the action of the drama

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14

antagonist

the adversary of the hero of a drama

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15

climax

the point at which the protagonist in the story will succeed or fail

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16

protagonist

The leading character or one of the major characters in a drama.  It is their goal that determines the action of the drama.

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17

conflict

this is the struggle between two opposing forces usually the hero and their adversary

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18

exposition

The background; information we need to know about what happens before the story begins.

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19

crisis point

The moment during the rising action when the protagonist must decide to move forward despite facing insurmountable odds

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20

producer

In the United States, the person or institution responsible for all business and financial aspects of the production

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21

director

The artistic visionary who turns a printed script into a stage production, coordinating the work of theatre artists, technicians, and other personnel

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22

choreographer

The person who creates the movement and dances for a play or musical

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23

music(al) director

A specialist who works with the musicians and teaches the actors the songs for a musical.  They also might be the conductor during performances

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24

sound designer

A person who synthesizes and records sounds for a production and designs systems to amplify the actors’ and singers’ voices

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25

composer

the person who writes the music for a production

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26

lyrics

the person who writes the words that are put to the music of a production

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27

principle actors

the group of actors that make up the cast of main or speaking roles in a production

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28

librettist

the person that writes the books of an opera or musical

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29

(stage or technical) crew

the group of people who perform the labor of the technical aspects of a production

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30

costume designer

the person that creates and decides what actors wear on stage

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31

ensemble (chorus)

the group of actors that make up the background/non-speaking characters of a production

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32

light designer

The person responsible for visual effects, pyrotechnics, and assuring that the audience can see the performance on stage

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33

set designer

The person responsible for creating the practical pieces that make up the world of the show on stage

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34

playwright

the person who writes the script of a play

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35

opera

A dramatic work in one or more acts, set to music for singers and instrumentalists

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36

operetta

A short opera, usually on a light or humorous theme and typically having spoken dialogue

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37

book musical

A musical where songs and dances are fully integrated into a well-made story with serious dramatic goals; a musical with a fully developed plot.

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38

concept musical

A musical whose music, lyrics, dance, stage movement and dialogue are woven through each other in the creation of a theme or commentary rather than to tell a story; the musical’s plot is usually non-linear

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39

rock opera

A type of musical completely sung through with little to no dialogue using rock music

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40

the golden age

Ushered in with Oklahoma! this is the term given to the era of musical theater during the height of its creation and foundation as a truly American art form that integrates music, dance, and storytelling.  Most scholars believe this time began with Oklahoma! in 1943 and ended with Hello Dolly! in 1963

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41

mega musical

This is a name given to musicals or pop operas that rely on spectacle and brand recognition to entice audiences.  They were very popular in the 1980s and early 1990s with at least one still running today after opening 35 years earlier

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42

revival

The term given to a Broadway show that has already been produced.  The new production features a new cast, director, and other creative  endeavors different from its original production

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43

orchestra

a broad term, for any musical ensemble featuring a large group of strings

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44

chamber music

A type of orchestral music usually reserved for small gatherings, private parties, etc

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45

philharmonic

This term literally translates to  “love music” or “devoted to music,” and usually refers to a name of a symphonic orchestra

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46

symphony

A complex piece of music that requires multiple instruments and contains multiple movements or sounds

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47

woodwinds

the section of an orchestra where you would find a flute

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48

brass

the section of an orchestra where you would find a trumpet

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49

percussion

the section of an orchestra where you would find a triangle

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50

strings

the section of an orchestra where you would find a violin

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51

country western

Hank Williams Sr. is an artist most affiliated with what musical genre?

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52

the blues

W.C. Handy is an artist most affiliated with what musical genre?

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53

tin pan alley

George and Ira Gershwin are artists most affiliated with what musical genre?

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54

rock and roll

Elvis Presley is an artist most affiliated with what musical genre?

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55

the blues

Dinah Washington is an artist most affiliated with what musical genre?

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56

FAME or Muscle Shoals Sound Studio

Name either sound studio featured in the documentary Muscle Shoals.

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57

the swampers

What is the collective nickname given to the studio musicians who provide the “Muscle Shoals Sound.”  They are referenced in the song, “Sweet Home Alabama” by Lynard Skynard

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58

singing

The Tennessee River is also known as the “_________ River” which is apropos given the amount of music that comes from the area

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59

wild horses or brown sugar

Name either of the hit songs by The Rolling Stones recorded in Muscle Shoals, one of which was allegedly written in the bathroom of the studio

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60

rick hall

Name the main subject of the documentary, a man who grew up from poverty to one day open one of the most successful recording studios of all time

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61

cinematographer

cheif of the camera work and crews

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62

lead actress

the principle female actor of the film

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63

best score

the background music of the film

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64

screenwriter

the writer(s) of the film

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65

adapted screenplay

the script of a film that is not original

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66

costume designer

the person who designs what the actors wear

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67

makeup and hair designers

the people who design the looks of the characters, particularly the stylings of their skin aesthetics

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68

production design

they design the sets and other scenery in a film

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69

director

the creative visionary that takes the page to the screen

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70

network

television channels that are free to the public with funding based on advertising. examples are Fox, ABC, CBS, NBC

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71

mini-series

a dramatic or comedic series that is presented in a limited, pre-determined number of episodes. examples are Dahmer, Mare of Easton, and The Dropout

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72

cable

television channels that are paid for through packaged services provided by large companies like Xfinity or AT&T. examples are MTV, Bravo, CNN, and Fox News

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73

procedurals

A drama series that focuses on characters that have specific skills like doctors, detectives, lawyers, etc. and the cases they take on each week. examples include CSI, NCIS, and Law & Order

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74

pay-per-view

specific television events that are paid for per the events like sporting events, movies, or concerts

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75

premium

a subscriber based television service that was first developed in the 1970s as a way for people to watch theatrical movies at home without commercials. examples include HBO and Showtime

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76

anthology

a type of series that is based on a particular theme with each episode or season being a new plot. examples include The Twilight Zone and Black Mirror

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77

situation comedy

a comedy series, usually 22 minutes in length, then revolves around a continuing cast of characters put into comedic situations

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78

streaming service

a subscriber service that provides films, television shows, and some other content that does not require a typical television for viewing

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79

serial

a type of series that is one story told through a series of episodes or seasons. examples include Game of Thrones, Breaking Bad, and Better Call Saul

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80

mural

a painting on a wall or ceiling

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81

monument

a statue, building or structure built to commemorate a notable person or event

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82

site integrated

a type of public art is interconnected into the construction of a facility

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83

site specific

type of public that is designed for a location but can be detached if necessary

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84

installation art

type of public art that is made for a particular place or structure and temporarily transforms a space

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85

street furniture

type of public art that includes streetlamp, benches, gates, or fences

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86

performance art

an interdisciplinary performance that is usually unscripted and occurs only once

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87

place maker

a type of public art that defines a community gathering space

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88

sketch

a rough drawing, usually done with pencil or charcoal

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89

freehand

drawing or painting without the use of anything to guide the hand

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90

oil paint

a slow drying pain that consists of pigment suspended in a drying oil

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91

acrylic paint

water-based fast drying paint widely used by artists since the 1960s

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92

freelance

working for different companies or people rather than being permanently employed by one

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93

conceptual art

artwork created to inspire the look of visual effects in a film or television production

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94

patron

a person who gives financial or other support to a person, organization, cause, or activity

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95

commission

when a client hires an artist to create an artwork based on their request along with a subsequent contract

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96

custom

a personalized drawing or painting for the client

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97

creative block

the inability to access one’s internal creativity

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98

prose

refers to any writing that follows the conventions of speech and language

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99

poetry

literary work in which special intensity is given to the expression of feelings and ideas using style and rhythm

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100

verse

a collection of metrical lines of poetry. it is used to define the difference of poetry and prose. it contains rhythm and pattern and often rhyme

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