Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery

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oral maxillofacial surgeon

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114 Terms

1

oral maxillofacial surgeon

a dentist who has completed additional oral surgical and anesthesia studies of two to three years, as well as hospital internship and residency program

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2

exodontia

extraction of a tooth

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3

forceps

pincers for seizing, holding, or extracting

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4

scalpel

a small surgical knife used to cut open or excise tissue from a surgical area

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5

bone file

heavier and thicker than the file used on tooth and restoration surfaces

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6

elevators

device used to raise the tooth; three types are periosteal, exolever, and apical

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7

periosteal

concerning the periosteum; used to loosen the periosteum tissue from the bone, or detach the tissue around the cervix of a tooth

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8

exolever

device to raise or elevate; used to elevate or luxate a tooth from its natural socket

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9

apical

pertaining to the apex or tip; used to elevate or pick out remains of a fractured root tip

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10

hemostat

device or drug used to arrest blood flow; scissor-style device with a locking joint and serrated beaks; used to clamp off or hold onto and transfer

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11

needle holder

similar to a hemostat except that the nose of the instrument is rounded and blunted with serrated criss-crossed edges inside its beaks to assist with holding a needle.

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12

scissors

various specialized scissors used in oral surgery

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13

tissues

longer handled scissors with a serrated blade edge that is used to grasp and hold the tissue during cutting

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14

suture (scissors)

smaller scissors with one curved, half moon blade that is inserted under the suture thread during cutting

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15

bandage

scissors used to cut material and dressings during surgery

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16

rongeurs

a cutting instrument used to cut boney edges

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17

aspirating tips

disposable or metal suction tips with longer handles and narrower tip openings; used to aspirate sockets, deeper throat areas, and surgical sites

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18

chisel

device that is longer, thicker, and heavier than tooth chisels; used to chip away bone and to apply force enough to break impacted molar teeth that will be removed in sections

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19

mallet

hammer like device used to apply pressure to chisel.

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20

curette

hand instrument with a spoon shaped face that is inserted in the socket or surgical site to scrape out infection and debris.

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21

a surgical curette is larger than a dental operative curette

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22

retractor

draw back; a hand device used to draw back cheek and/or tissue to provide more access or light to the surgical area.

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23

tissue cheek tongue

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24

tissue retractor

may be a hemostat-type device with notched tips to hold tissue

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25

cheek retractor

may be bent wire-shaped device or flat, curved handles used to scoop and hold cheek tissue

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26

tongue retractor

scissor type of instrument with longer shaft and padded or serrated edges; used to grasp or hold tongue

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27

mouth prop

small, medium, or large pieces of hard rubber; bite block

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28

suture

closure; used to close up a wound or incision

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29

surgical bur

similar to dental burs but larger in size; used to remove bone, to expose root tips, or to score and divide teeth in preparation for forced sectioning and removal

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30

horizontal impaction

tooth is horizontally tilted

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31

vertical impaction

tooth is in upright position but in close proximity to or under the crown of a nearby tooth

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32

distoangular impaction

crown of the tooth is slanted toward the distal surface and is covered by tissue and/or bone

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33

mesioangular impaction

the crown of the tooth is mesially tilted and covered by tissues and or bone

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34

transverse impaction

tooth is situated sideways to the adjacent teeth and occlusal plane, and it is covered by tissue and/or bone

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35

alveolectomy

surgical removal of alveolar bone crest

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36

surgical template

pattern

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37

alveolitis

infection or inflammation of the alveolar process; dry socket

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38

dry socket

loss of natural clotting

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39

gingivectomy

surgical excision of unattached gingival tissue

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40

gingivoplasty

surgical recountour of the gingival tissues

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41

periodontal flap surgery

surgical excision and removal of pocket or tissue extensions

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42

pericoronitis

gingival irritation and infection

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43

frenectomy

surgical removal or resectioning of a frenum

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44

ankyloglossia

shortness of the tongue frenum; tongue tied

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45

incision and drainage ( i & d)

procedure preformed for a periodontal abcess

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46

malady

disease or disorder

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47

biopsy

small tissue incision

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48

incision biposy

removing a wedge-shaped section of affected tissue along with some normal adjacent tissue

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49

excision biopsy

removal of the entire lesion of affected tissue with some underlying normal tissue

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50

exfoliative biopsy

scraping with glass slide or tongue depressor to collect tissue cell for microscopic study

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51

brush biopsy

a pipe stem brush is drawn across the mouth tissues, scraped against the glass slide, fixed with a solution and sent to a lab

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52

malignant

harmful or growing worse

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53

benign

nonmalignant

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54

leukoplakia

formation of white patches on the mucous membrane of the oral cavity that cannot be scraped off and have potential for for malignancy

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55

fibroma

bengign, fibrous, encapsulated connective tissue tumor

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56

papilloma

benign, epithelial tumor of the skin or mucous membrane

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57

hemangioma

benign tumor of dilated blood vessels

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58

granuloma

grandular tumor usually occurring with other diseases

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59

basal or squamous cell carcinoma

malignant growth of epithelial cells

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60

melanoma

malignant, pigmented mole or tumor

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61

apicoectomy

usually requires opening of the periodontium, including some of the alveolar bone, and exposure with removal of the root apex

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62

exostosis

bony outgrowth; removing overgrowths and smoothing off of bone edges in preparation for dentures

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63

torus

rounded elevation; an excessive bone growth

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64

cysts

abnormal, close-walled sac present in or around tissue

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65

dentigerous

cystic sac containing a tooth or tooth bud particle

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66

radicular

cyst located alongside or at the apex of a tooth root; periapical cyst

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67

ranula

cystic tumor found on the underside of the tongue or in the sublingual or submaxillary ducts; usually a result of a blocked duct

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68

closed fracture reduction

repair with interoral fixation, tooth wiring, or ligation methods in which the teeth are wired together in proper alignment with awaiting bone healing

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69

open fracture reduction

more complicated procedure than closed

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70

genioplasty

plastic surgery of the chin or cheek

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71

macrogenia

large or excessive chin

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72

microgenia

undersized chin

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73

lateral excessive/deficient

excessive bone in one direction

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74

asymmetrical

lack of balance of size and shape on opposite sides

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75

pseudomacrogenia

excessive soft tissue presenting a chine with the look of abnormal size

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76

witch's chin

soft tissue ptosis

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77

ptosis

dropping or sagging of an organ

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78

osteotomy

surgical movement of bone

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79

osteoplasty

forming or recontouring bones

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80

chine augmentation

the option of moving the chin forward by making an incision inside the lower lip and inserting an artificial chin implant or moving the severed bone tip segment forward

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81

ridge augmentation

use of bone grafts to build or correct and underdeveloped or missing ridge possibly needed for tooth or denture

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82

surgical correction

expose and band or peg erupting teeth to prepare the mouth for orthodontic treatment or may remove hidden or retained root tips, cysts, foreign bodies before taking denture impressions

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83

arthrotomy

cutting into a joint; reconstruction and alignment of the mandible for tmj disorders

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84

retrusive

position the mandible backward

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85

protrusive

position the mandible forward

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86

lateral

position to the side

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87

cleft lip repair

tissue fissure or incomplete juncture of maxillary lip tissues

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88

cleft palate repair

congential fissure in roof of mouth with an opening into the nasal cavity

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89

orthodnathic surgery

surgical manipulation of the facial skeleton to restore facial esthetics and proper function to a congenital, developmental, or traumatic affected patient

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90

computerized mandibular scan

3d tracking device to record functional movement of the jaw during opening, closing, chewing, and swallowing

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91

electromyogram

surface electrodes instrument to determine muscle activity during function; health muscles have low levels of electrical activity

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92

electrosonograph

recording of sounds during opening and closing od the jaw

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93

ct

x ray images taken at different angles and computerized into a cross-section of anatomical features.

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94

hemiarthroplasty

surgical repair of a joint with a partial joint implant recontruction

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95

autogenous reconstruction

rebuilding of the joint using organic material supplied by the patient, such as a toe or rib bone graft

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96

allograft reconstruction

graft material taken from human donors to rebuild jaw bone

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97

xenograft

harvested from animals

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98

total joint reconstruction

surgical intervention and use of artificial prosthesis for the condyle, disc, and fossa of the temporal bone

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99

revision surgery

surgical correction of an area that has been operated on previous, occurring when further degeneration happens, when previous implants have failed

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100

endosteal

placement within the bone

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