World War II

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________ is a type of nationalism that puts the state above the individual.

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1

________ is a type of nationalism that puts the state above the individual.

fascism

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2

________ is complete government control over citizens with no opposition.

totalitarian

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3

________ is giving up principles to pacify an aggressor?

appeasement

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4

________ is loyalty to one's country above all else.

Nationalism

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5

The rise of dictators caused what?

economic depression and inflation

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6

The U.S. attacks what countries before they attack Japan?

Germany and Italy

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7

What as the Doolittle Raid?

Raid on Japan in 1942

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8

What battle finished off the Japanese Navy?

Battle of Leyte Gulf

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9

What battle was fought in the air and stopped the Japanese advance to Australia?

Battle of the Coral Sea

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10

What battle was the turning point of the war in the Pacific where Japanese carriers sunk?

Battle of Midway

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11

What bill gave free college education and federal loans to veterans?

G.I. Bill of Rights

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12

What countries did Germany defeat in 1940 that were considered the stepping stone to England?

Denmark and Norway

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13

What country did Germany take over in 1939?

Czechoslovakia

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14

What day did Britain and France declare war on Germany?

September 3, 1939

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15

What day did the war begin?

September 1, 1939

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16

What day did the war end?

September 2, 1945

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17

What did U-Boats travel in?

Wolf Packs

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18

What event was caused by the tension between whites and minorities?

Detroit Race Riot

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19

What forest did German tanks go through to attack France?

Ardennes Forest

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20

What group helped the Allies, but never entered the war?

Great Arsenal of Democracy

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21

What group of laws stripped Jews of citizenship, jobs, and property?

Nuremberg Laws

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22

What happened when Austria wouldn't join Germany in 1938?

Anschluss

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23

What is the "Final Solution" and the deliberate killing of an entire population?

Genocide

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24

What is the name for a phony war with no active warfare?

Sitzkrieg

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25

What is the name for intense fighting, lighting warfare, and mechanized warfare (planes, tanks, etc.)?

Blitzkrieg

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26

What is the systematic murder of 11 million people for racial purity?

Holocaust

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27

What kind of warfare was the Battle of Britain in 1940?

Air war

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28

What made the U.S. stay out of world affairs?

isolationism

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29

What name did Mussolini give himself?

Il Duce

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30

What organization coordinated scientists, radar, etc.?

Office of Scientific Research and Development

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31

What organization said which companies would switch from peacetime to wartime production and allocated raw materials?

War Production Board

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32

What piece of land was given to Germany under the Munich Agreement in 1938?

Sudetenland

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33

What special force fought in the Battle of Britain?

Royal Air Force

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34

What treaty made Germany the sole cause of WWI, took away their land, and made them a democracy?

Treaty of Versailles

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35

What was a 1943 report on clearing out Jews from a newly conquered territory?

The Final Solution

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36

What was France's defense line on the Rhine River?

Maginot Line

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37

What was Germany's defense line on the Rhine River?

Siegfried Line

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38

What was skipping some islands and only capturing the important one?

island hopping

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39

What was the battle where the first land was retaken from Japanese?

Battle of Guadalcanal

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40

What was the buying of rationed items illegally at inflated prices?

Black Market

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41

What was the committee that allowed the banks and war material factories to make huge profits in WWI?

Nye Commission

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42

What was the conference when terms were set to end the war?

Yalta Conference

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43

What was the costly battle that took Japanese soil?

Battle of Okinawa

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44

What was the famous battle where the U.S. flag was raised?

Iwo Jima

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45

What was the formal alliance between Italy and Germany called?

Rome-Berlin Axis

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46

What was the joint declaration of war aims between the U.S. and Britain?

Atlantic Charter

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47

What was the last major German offensive of the war?

Battle of the Bulge

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48

What was the most decorated unit in U.S. history?

Nisei Battalion

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49

What was the mutual defense treaty between Germany, Italy, and Japan (Axis Powers)?

Tripartite Pact

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50

What was the name for manufactures under the Nye Commission?

merchants of death

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51

What was the name of the Nazi Police?

Gestapo

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52

What was the night of broken glass when Jewish properties were attacked?

Kristallnacht

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53

What was the program of buying U.S. arms as long as on own ship and paid cash?

Cash and Carry

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54

What was the project to develop the atomic bomb?

Manhattan Project

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55

What was the southern part of France with Petain at its head?

Vichy France

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56

What was the Supreme Court Case that attempted to stop the confinement of Japanese in internment camps?

Korematsu vs. United States

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57

What was the system of fixed allotments of goods and coupons?

Rationing

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58

What was the turning point of the war in Africa?

El Alamein

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59

What was the turning point of the war in Europe where the Germans surrendered in January, 1943?

Battle of Stalingrad

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60

What was the unconditional surrender?

Casablanca Conference

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61

What was U-Boat vs Allied shipping protection?

Battle of the Atlantic

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62

What were the acts that had two parts that outlawed arms sales or loans to nations at war and a third part that extended the ban to nations engaged in civil war?

Neutrality Acts

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63

What were the attacks on Mexican-Americans by whites in Los Angeles, California called?

Zoot-Suit Riots

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64

What were the four Death camps?

Chelmno, Auschwitz, Buchenwald, Dachau

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65

What were the Jews forced to wear on their clothes?

Star of David

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66

What were the names for the death squads who wore black uniforms? (SS)

Security Squadrons

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67

What were the segregated Jewish areas in cities?

Ghettos

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68

What were the two cities where war criminals were tried after WWII?

Tokyo and Nuremberg

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69

What were the war crime trials for Nazi officials?

Nuremberg Trials

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70

What wing of the Nazi army was Hitler's private defense?

Brown Shirts

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71

What women's group held noncombat positions?

Women's Army Corps

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72

When did Germany invade the Soviet Union and started a two front war?

June 1941

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73

When did Italy surrender after Sicily is taken?

1943

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74

When did Japan sign the peace treaty?

September 2, 1945

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75

When did Pearl Harbor occur?

December 7, 1941

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76

When did the U.S. send supplies to England and started to be not neutral?

1940

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77

When did Tojo invade Manchuria?

1931

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78

When is V-J Day (Victory in Japan Day)?

August 15, 1945

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79

When was D-Day (Operation Overlord)?

June 6, 1944

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80

When was France defeated?

1940

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81

When was the atomic bombs dropped on Hiroshima and Nagasaki?

August, 1945

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82

When was V-E Day (victory in Europe Day)?

May 8, 1945

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83

When were the French and British troops saved by seaport allies?

Dunkirk

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84

Where did the Bataan Death March occur?

the Philippines

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85

Where did the U.S. send Japanese-Americans?

internment camps

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86

Where was the Allies first attack?

Africa

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87

Where was the Germany military built up and moved to in 1935?

Rhineland and Ruhr

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88

Who became the prime minister of England after WWII began?

Churchill

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89

Who did FDR beat in the 1940 election?

Wilkie

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90

Who did Italy declare war on in 1940?

France and England

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91

Who froze the prices on most goods and raised income tax rates and more people had to pay?

Office of Price Administration

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92

Who hated the Jews?

Antisemitic

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93

Who issued an executive order to let all workers participate in defense industries without discrimination?

FDR

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94

Who made the film "The Desert Fox"?

Rommel

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95

Who signed a nonaggression pact to avoid a two front war?

Soviet Union and Germany

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96

Who was a fascist leader during the Spanish Civil War?

Franco

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97

Who was given aid because no war was declared?

China

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98

Who was head of the Free French?

de Gaulle

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99

Who was Mussolini's private army?

Black Shirts

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100

Who was the Allied tank commander?

Patton

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