Greek Mythology

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1

food of the gods

ambrosia

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2

drink of the gods

nectar

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3

personification of earth

Gaea

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4

mountain home of gods

Mt. Olympus

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5

name of 12 major gods

Olympians

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6

word derived from "all" and "gods"

Pantheon

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7

spirits of woods, trees, rivers, springs, caves, mtns

nymphs

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8

2 Greek gods of fire--one friendly(hearth) and one unfriendly

Hestia/Hephaestus

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9

physically imperfect god

Hephaestus

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10

patron goddesses of the arts

muses

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11

Gorgon who was mortal

Medusa

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12

Maia and Zeus' son: shortly after birth created lyre

Hermes

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13

goddess who threatened barren Earth if daughter not returned

Demeter

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14

goddess of love and beauty

Aphrodite

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15

god of light, sun, poetry, music, medicine, prophecy, arts

Apollo

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16

god of war

Ares

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17

goddess of moon, hunting, wild animals, childbirth, chastity

Artemis

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18

goddess of wisdom, war, handicrafts, liberal arts

Athene

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19

god of healing and medicine

Asclepius

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20

goddess of Earth, agriculture, fertility, grain, harvest

Demeter

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21

god of fertility, wine, revelry, theater

Dionysus

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22

goddess of dawn

Eos

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23

god of love

Eros

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24

god of underworld

Hades

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25

god of fire, forge, metal working

Hephaestus

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26

queen of gods, goddess of marriage

Hera

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27

god of invention, science, commerce, protector of travelers, thieves, gamblers

Hermes

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28

goddess of hearth

Hestia

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29

god of nature, fields, forests, hunters, shepherds, flocks & rustic life

Pan

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30

goddess of the underworld

Persephone

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31

god of sea, earthquakes, and horses

Poseidon

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32

king of gods

Zeus

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33

Greek poet other than Homer-- he wrote about the origins of gods

Hesiod

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34

original empty void that existed before creation

chaos

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35

another name for Gaea

Mother Earth

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36

lowest region of underworld

Tartarus

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37

son of aphrodite, created physical attraction b/t ppl

Eros

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38

offspring of uranus and GAea with only one eye in middle of forehead

Cyclopes

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39

offspring of uranus and gaea who were enormous beings, ruled before the gods

Titans

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40

Titanness who was goddess of remembrance

Mnemosyne

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41

vengeful creatures, hideous old women in charge of eternal punishiment

furies

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42

youngest offspring of Cronus-- escaped being swallowed by Cronus and overthrew him

Zeus

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43

other 5 children of Cronus

Poseidon, Hades, Hera, Hestia, Demeter

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44

Rhea's method of preventing Cronus from swallowing the youngest offspring(Zeus)

disguised a rock by wrapping it in a blanket

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45

giants freed by Zeus who produced his lightening bolts and helped him defeat Cronus

Cyclopes

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46

Titan condemned to hold up the heavens

Atlas

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47

3 Olympians who divided the universe among themselves & their respective regions

Zeus, Hades, Poseidon

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48

gift given to Hades by Cyclopes

invisible helmet

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49

gift given to Poseidon by Cyclopes

trident

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50

mountain that Typhon--fire breathing Titan defeated by Zeus-- lives under

Mt. Etna

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51

2 sons of Titan Lapetus who fought on the side of Zeus ("forethought" and "afterthought")

Prometheus and Epimetheus

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52

gift Zeus withheld from humans which Prometheus provided despite Zeus' ban

fire

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53

woman created by Hephaestus who brought suffering to the world

Pandora

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54

object Zeus gave as Pandora's dowry

box/jar

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55

only item left in Pandora's box

hope

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56

where Prometheus was chained by Zeus as punishment for bringing fire to humans

Mt. Caucases

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57

part of Prometheus' body that regenerated and was eaten by vultures repeatedly

liver

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58

place ruled by Hades; destination of the dead

Underworld

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59

name given to the spirits of the dead

shades

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60

destination of ordinary shades in underworld

field of Asphodel

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61

region of underworld surrounded by 3 high walls and Phlegethon, place of wicked

Tartarus

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62

place of peace for virtuous souls

Elvisian Fields

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63

river over which souls were ferried into Underworld

Styx

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64

River of Woes

Archeron

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65

River of Fire

Phlegethon

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66

River of Forgetfulness

Lethe

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67

River of Unbreakable Oaths

Styx

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68

boatman who ferried souls into the underworlds

Charon

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69

number of rivers in the underworld

5

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70

where dead carried payment for boatmen

under tongues(mouths)

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71

Hades' favorite animal; watchdog of the underworld

Cerberues

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72

number of watchdog's head

3

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73

number of judges in the underworld

3

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74

fruit eaten by Persephone while in the Underworld that influenced length of annual stay

6 seeds of Pomagranite

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75

Zeus's most powerful weapon

thunderbolts

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76

bird seen holding thunderbolts, a symbol of Zeus

eagle

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77

Mortal killed by Zeus for bringing dead back to life

Asclepius

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78

Zeus and Hera's son who took pleasure in fighting

Ares

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79

Greed goddess sprang from Zeus;s head fully grown and wearing armor

Athene

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80

goddess "wisdom" and wife of Zeus whom he swallowed

Metis

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81

nine daughters of Mnemosyne and Zeus who presided over the arts

muses-- Terpsichore, Enterpe, Eruto, Polyhmnia, Thalia, Calliope, Melpomene, Urania, Clio

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82

twins of Zeus and Leto

Apollo and Artemis

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83

daughter of Zeus and Dione or perhaps born from sea foam

Aphrodite

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84

Son of Zeus and Maia who stole Apollo's cows

Hermes

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85

nymph whose chatter aided Zeus so Hera condemned her to only repeating

Echo

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86

hero born to Zeus and Danae, cast out by grandfather who feared child would kill him

Hercules

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87

apples presented to Hera as wedding gift by Gaea

Golden Apples

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88

Hera and Zeus' crippled son

Hephaestus

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89

Prince of Troy whose insult of Hera eventually led to the Trojan War

Paris

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90

object belonging to Aphrodite that caused ppl to be irristable

linen scarf

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91

sculptor who fell in love with statue that was brought to life

Pygmalion

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92

name of statue that came to life and married its scuptor

Galatea

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93

shrine to Athena on Acropolis in Athens

Parthenon

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94

chief symbol of Athena

owl

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95

Medusa was changed into creature so hideous that one looked at her and turned them into...

stone

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96

hero who killed Medusa by cutting off her helmet

Perseus

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97

Lyndian woman who bragged she was a better weaver than Athena

Arachne

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98

animal Arachne was turned into by Athena

spider

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99

instrument played by Apollo, obtained from Hermes

lyre

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100

king who voted vs. Apollo in music contest and had his ears turned into donkey ears

Midas

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