APUSH 1930's New Deal

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1

when did the stock market crash

october 29

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2

describe the stock market crash (4)

  • worldwide

  • many left jobless and homeless

  • banks fail

  • prosperity is over

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3

what were common after the stock market crash

soup and bread lines

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4

what phrase was common after the stock market crash

"brother can you spare a dime?"

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5

what were the causes of the stock market crash (5)

  • over speculation (buying on credit/margin)

  • over production

  • imbalance of trade (Hawley-Smoot Tariff)

  • farm problems

  • problems in banking (Federal Reserve

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6

what doesn't hoover believe in; what does he believe in instead

govt handouts or direct aid; volunteerism and "rugged individualism"

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7

what did the Reconstruction Finance Corporation (RFC) do

give loans to banks and railroads

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8

who were the bonus army

ww1 vets that wanted their "bonus"

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9

what did the Bonus Army create in Washington

a "Hooverville"

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10

what was the effect of the Bonus Army

it was a PR disaster for Hoover

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11

what did the Stimson Doctrine say

the US will not recognize territory taken by force

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12

who was the GOP candidate in the election of 1932

Herbert Hoover (incumbent)

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13

what did some people blame Hoover for

some people blamed him for the SMC

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14

what did Hoover's campaign say in the election of 1932 to put a positive spin on the situation

"it could have been worse"

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15

who were the Dem president and VP candidates in the election of 1932

president: FDR VP: Henry Wallace

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16

what does FDR say he has while campaigning during the election of 1932

he says he has a "new experiment" called the New Deal

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17

how does FDR talk about the New Deal

he is purposely vague on what the New Deal is

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18

who does FDR say he cares about

the "forgotten man"

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19

what do the Dems promise to do in the the election of 1932

they promise to repeal prohibition

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20

who wins the the election of 1932

FDR (Dem)

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21

how many states does Hoover win in the election of 1932

6

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22

describe the relationship between Hoover and FDR after the election of 1932

there was tension between Hoover and FDR

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23

what major shift occurred in the election of 1932

black voters voted for Dems instead of GOP

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24

why did blacks typically vote for the GOP prior to the election of 1932

because the Dem were held responsible for the Civil War

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25

how was FDR related to Teddy Roosevelt

they were 5th cousins

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26

describe FDR's family

he was from a rich upstate NY family

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27

describe FDR's political experience before becoming president (3)

  • Gov. of NY

  • Asst. Sec. of the Navy

  • VP candidate on the losing ticket in election of 1920

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28

describe FDR's personality

suave

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29

what happened to FDR in 1921

he was struck by polio

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30

how did polio impact FDR (2)

  • he felt he no longer had a political future

  • he became more humble and more empathetic

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31

how was Eleanor Roosevelt related to TR

she was his niece

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32

where did Eleanor Roosevelt start

she started in the settlement house movement

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33

what was Eleanor Roosevelt called

the "Conscience of the New Deal"

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34

describe Eleanor Roosevelt as a 1st lady

she was a very active first lady

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35

what was Eleanor Roosevelt a crusader for

civil rights and the poor

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36

who did Eleanor Roosevelt fight for

the oppressed

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37

what was Eleanor Roosevelt's newspaper column called

"My Day"

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38

what is the most well-known line from FDR's inauguration

"The only thing we have to fear is fear itself"

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39

what were FDR's personal advisors called

his Brains Trust

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40

describe the time period in which FDR took over (4)

  • he took over at a difficult time

  • high unemployment

  • businesses closed

  • banks in trouble

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41

what % of the US population was unemployed in 1932

25%

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42

what was the New Deal

programs to help get the US out of the depression and put people back to work

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43

what was FDR's #1 challenge as he took office

to fix the banks

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44

what did FDR want to bring to the forgotten man

FDR wanted to "bring a decent standard of living to the forgotten man"

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45

what did FDR expand the role of the govt to do

he expanded the role of the govt to provide jobs

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46

what were the first 100 Days of FDR's presidency called; why

the 3rs; relief

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47

what did the 20th amendment do

it shortened the time between election and inauguration; before the amendment

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48

what is the 20th amendment called

the lame duck amendment

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49

what did the 21st amendment do

repeal of prohibition

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50

what were fireside chats

FDR reassured the people of America on the radio (no TV)

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51

what did FDR do to the banks

he closed them for 3 days

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52

what did the Glass-Steagall Act do (2)

  • created the FDIC

  • insured people's money in the bank

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53

what did the Civilian Conservation Corps (CCC) do

put young men to work

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54

what work did the CCC do

reforestation and flood control

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55

what did the Agricultural Adjustment Act (AAA) do

payed farmers not to farm in order to raise crop prices

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56

what does the securities and exchange commission (SEC) do

monitors the stock market

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57

what did the National Recovery Administration (NRA) do (3)

  • established fair codes for labor

  • est. max working hours

  • est. minimum wages

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58

what did the Wagner Act do

gave workers the right to organize

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59

why was the NRA difficult to implement

because it took a great deal of self-sacrifice on the part of the business (businesses care more about profit)

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60

what did the SC do to the NRA; why

the SC declared the NRA unconstitutional; they felt the executive branch was too involved in commerce

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61

what did the Federal Housing Authority (FHA) do

gave loans out for homeowners

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62

what did the Tennessee Valley Authority (TVA) do (3)

  • gave electricity to rural areas

  • controlled problems with erosion and flooding

  • created jobs

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63

to who and what type of assistance did the Social Security Act give (3)

  • unemployment insurance

  • old age pension

  • help for the disabled

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64

what was the Social Security Act an example of

direct relief

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65

how did the GOP feel about the Social Security Act

they were upset with it (Hoover was anti direct-aid)

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66

who was Frances Perkins (2)

  • Secretary of Labor under FDR

  • 1st woman in a cabinet position

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67

who was Charles Coughlin

a critic of the New Deal

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68

what was Charles Coughlin's radio show called

Social Justice

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69

what did Charles Coughlin want

he wanted a guaranteed income and nationalized banking

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70

who was Huey Long

a critic of the New Deal and a Louisiana politician

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71

what was Huey Long's nickname

Kingfish

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72

what was Huey Long's program called; what did it call for

  • Share the Wealth

  • Every man a king

  • $5000 income to every family

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73

who was Dr. Francis Townsend

a critic of the New Deal

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74

what did Dr. Francis Townsend want; what did this lead to

he wanted to give everyone over the age of 60 $200 a month; the Social Security Act

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75

what was the American Liberty League

a group that was a critic of the New Deal

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76

what did the ALL say

the New Deal was too socialistic

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77

who was the ALL led by

Al Smith

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78

what did other critics of the New Deal fear

the rapid growth of the federal govt and the growing national debt

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79

what decade was the Dust Bowl

1930s

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80

what were the reasons for the Dust Bowl (3)

  • drought

  • erosion

  • over farming

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81

what happened to the land in the Dust Bowl

the land became un-farmable

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82

who were Okies

people from Oklahoma

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83

what did Okies do

they went W to California on Route 66 to look for jobs

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84

what book did John Steinbeck write; what was it about

The Grapes of Wrath; it was about the Dust Bowl

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85

what was the Committee for Industrial Organization (CIO)

a union of unskilled workers

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86

who was the CIO led by

John L. Lewis

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87

who were the candidates in the election of 1936

Dem: FDR GOP: Alfred "Alf" Landon

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88

where was Alfred "Alf" Landon from

Kansas

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89

who won the election of 1936

FDR

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90

what did FDR perceive the results of the 1936 election as; how did the SC feel about this

he perceived them as a mandate to continue the New Deal; they disagreed

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91

what did FDR wants the SC to do

be more sympathetic to New Deal programs

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92

what was FDR publicly critical of

the Supreme Court

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93

describe the SC during FDR's second term

they are very old and very GOP

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94

what was FDR's court packing scheme

he wanted to enlarge the SC and add up to 6 new judges

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95

how was FDR's court packing scheme received; what did this do

it was unpopular; its unpopularity hurt the momentum of the New Deal

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96

what did John Maynard Keynes advocate

"deficit spending" to stimulate growth

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97

what is deficit spending also called

priming the pump

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98

what did Adam Smith write

Wealth of Nations

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99

what did Adam smith believe

an "invisible hand" controls business; the invisible hand is competition

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100

describe movies in the 1930s

the 1930s was an important decade for movies

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