Music History Test 2

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Baroque Dates

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113 Terms

1

Baroque Dates

1600-1750

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2

Baroque literally translates to

"Misshapen pearl"

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3

Baroques characteristics

drama, emotion, virtuoso, shakespeare

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4

first opera house

1637, Venice Italy

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5

demand for

sheet music, instruments, lessons

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6

public pays for

tickets and subscriptions

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7

"secunda prattica"

second practice: counterpoint broken surprise dissonance (monteverdi)

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8

polarity between

bass and melody

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9

basso continuo notation

figured bass

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10

concerto medium

"to reach an agreement" voices and instruments

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11

equal temperament

more common

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12

harmony was thought of in

chords

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13

introduced and explored more commonly

chromaticism

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14

organists could change

length of pieces

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15

could be deleted or added from operas

arias

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16

opera literally means

work

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17

what was the model for opera

greek tragedy

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18

Giralamo Mei believed Greek tragedies were

Sung in full

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19

first opera

Peri's Dafne 1598

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20

Peri's Euridice

opera, 1602

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21

first great opera

Monteverdi's Orfeo, 1607 Mantua, Italy

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22

form of orfeo

songs are in strophic variation

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23

orfeo: each verse separated by

retonello

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24

why is Orfeo important

first successful opera instruments specified in score

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25

___ becomes the center for opera developments in the 1620s

Rome

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26

extended finales for each act, including

choral singing and dancing

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27

castrato singers

snip snip

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28

main composers of venetian opera

cesti cavalli

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29

singers "in charge" titled

diva

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30

ricecar becomes

fugue

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31

fugue means

flight

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32

ricecar means

to seek out

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33

stretto

repeating subject before subject finishes

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34

canzona (Italian, song)

becomes Sonata (sounded)

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35

dance music becomes

suite

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36

french called a suite

partita

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37

movements of a suite

improvisatory (prelude) allemande (german=dance) courante (french=running, triple meter) sarabande (slow dance, very bridgerton) gigue (fast, dotted rhythm)

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38

2 improvisatory types

toccata - to touch, fast, virtuosic, showy, short prelude- beginning

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39

catholic sacred music characteristics

concertato medium basso continuo stile antico

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40

grand concerto

large work for singers and instrumentalist, often 2 or more choirs

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41

cori spezzati

spaced out choir

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42

concerto for few voices

small work for few voices and continuo (sometimes violin) more common covent music

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43

sacred oratorio

a sacred drama sung throughout with recitatives, arias, ensembles, instrumental preludes derives from opera

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44

how is oratorio different than opera

oratorio has no costume/staging chorus can take on different characters there is a narrator (tenor male)

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45

leading composer of sacred oratorio is

carissimi

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46

more characteristics of sacred oratorio

biblical text (a lot of old testament) solo and choral singing

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47

oratorio latino is

latin

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48

oratorio volgare is

Italian

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49

brought opera over from italy

cardinal mazarin

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50

Perrin

1620-1665 librettist owned patent = monopoly

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51

Lully

1632-1687 actually Italian bought patent from perrin- took over french opera jerk member of famous palace orchestra ballet dancer owned patents on instrumental AND dance music in france wanted to look good

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52

lully called his operas

tragedies lyriques

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53

Lully's librettist was

Philippe Quinault

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54

charcteristics of Lully's Operas

dancing participation of the chorus more spectacular scenery less distinction between recit. and aria more instruments

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55

French overture

very influential 2 large parts: slow-fast slow: dotted rhythms fast: polyphonic originated from dance music

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56

overdotting

dotted notes is performed longer than notated, second note is shorter

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57

agrements

brief ornamentation more sophisticated

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58

why did english opera start so late (1660)

2 popular genres already masques and semi-operas

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59

drama always considered ____

more important that music

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60

English opera equals ____

Henry Purcell (1659-1695)

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61

Dido and Aeneas

1689 Purcell invention of ground bass

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62

corelli

1653-1713 all surviving works are instrumental

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63

2 main types of sonatas from corelli

sonata da chiesa sonata da camara

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64

lyricism over ____

virtuosity

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65

naples

a-lot of castrati singers/ farinelli/ scarlatti academic

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66

rome

instrumental music was big here

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67

venice

street musicians/ amateurs/festivals

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68

small orchestras develop for special occasions which leads to

concerto

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69

what instrument is in the middle of concerto setup

harpsichord

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70

types of concerto

orchestral concerto: movements concerto grosso (i): small group against large group solo concerto: orchestra and soloist (often violin)

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71

most famous concerto composer

Vivaldi 1678-1741

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72

characteristics of vivaldi

virtuosic violinist master teacher violin concertos

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73

il prete rosso

the red priest

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74

vivaldi composed how many concerto

500

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75

about ___ concertos are for a solo instrument

350

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76

vivaldi orchestra set-up

20-25 stringed instrument divided into 4 parts (v1,v2,c,sb) liked using pizzicato and muted strings

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77

most concertos are in how many movements

3

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78

strong, clearer

forms

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79

strong___

cadences

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80

_____ texture

homophonic

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81

concise_____

themes

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82

____ slow movements

"aria-esque" "aria-like"

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83

representations of nature: creeks, birds, storms, etc. Earliest example of

program music

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84

J.S. Bach dates

1685-1750

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85

known as a ___ and a ____

organist, teacher

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86

studied with

Buxtehude

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87

Had __ kids

20

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88

had how many musical periods

4

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89

teaching works were called

didactic works

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90

total Bach Cello Suites

6

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91

publication dates of "Well-Tempered Clavier"

1722, 1740

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92

Handel dates

1685-1759

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93

what he's known for

traveling getting paid opera seria english oratorio (invented) instrumental music greatest choral composer?

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94

spent his "matured" year in ____

England 1712-1759

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95

Handels first major opera was

Rinaldo 1711

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96

characteristics of handels opera

recit. were called secco recits. principle role called primadonna ornamentation in aias called colortura( like a cadenza)

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97

English don't like ___

opera seria anymore in 1720s

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98

Handel created english oratorios based on___

well-known biblical stories

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99

handel incorporated

french classical drama ancient greek tragedy german passion english anthem italian recit + arias

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100

prominent use of ____

chorus

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