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5.0(1)

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Hint

the graph translationa and what they do to the co-ordinates GCSE maths

1

f(x) + d

vertical translation up d units (x,y) -> (x,y+d)

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2

f(x) - d

vertical translation down d units (x,y) -> (x,y-d)

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3

f(x+c)

horizontal translation left c units (x,y) -> (x-c,y)

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4

f(x-c)

horizontal translation right c units (x,y) -> (x+c,y)

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5

-f(x)

reflection over x axis (x,y) -> (x,-y)

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6

f(-x)

reflection over y axis (x,y) -> (-x,y)

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