Unit 4: Party and Electoral Systems and Citizen Organizations

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Electoral systems and rules

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40 Terms

1

Electoral systems and rules

These are the set of laws and regulations that govern the process of electing representatives to public office.

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2

First-Past-The-Post (FPTP)

A voting system where the candidate with the most votes in a constituency wins a seat in parliament. It is a winner-takes-all system that tends to favor larger parties and can result in a disproportionate representation of smaller parties.

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3

Proportional Representation (PR)

A voting system where the number of seats a party wins in parliament is proportional to the number of votes they receive. It aims to provide a more accurate representation of the electorate's views and can result in a greater diversity of parties in parliament.

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4

Mixed-Member Proportional (MMP)

A hybrid voting system that combines elements of FPTP and PR. Voters cast two votes, one for a constituency representative and one for a party. The number of seats a party receives is determined by a combination of the number of constituency seats won and the number of party votes received, with additional seats allocated to ensure proportionality.

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5

Political party systems

This refer to the ways in which political parties are organized and operate within a political system.

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6

One-Party System

A political system where only one political party is legally allowed to hold power and govern the country.

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7

Two-Party System

A political system where two major political parties dominate the political landscape and compete for power through elections.

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8

Multi-Party System

A political system where multiple political parties compete for power and representation in government through elections.

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9

Dominant-Party System

A political system where multiple political parties exist, but one party consistently wins elections and holds power for an extended period of time.

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10

Labour Party - A political party in the United Kingdom that advocates for social democracy and the interests of the working class.

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11

Liberal Democrats

A political party in the United Kingdom that advocates for liberalism, social democracy, and European integration.

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12

Scottish National Party

A political party in Scotland that advocates for Scottish independence and social democracy.

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13

Democratic Unionist Party

A political party in Northern Ireland that advocates for unionism and conservative values.

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14

United Russia

A political party in Russia that advocates for conservatism, Russian nationalism, and support for President Vladimir Putin.

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15

Communist Party of the Russian Federation

A political party in Russia that advocates for communism and the interests of the working class.

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16

Liberal Democratic Party of Russia

A political party in Russia that advocates for liberalism, nationalism, and conservative values.

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17

A Just Russia

A political party in Russia that advocates for social democracy and the interests of the working class.

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18

Communist Party of China

The ruling political party in China that advocates for socialism with Chinese characteristics and the interests of the Chinese people.

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19

Democratic Parties

Political parties that advocate for democracy and democratic values.

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20

Islamic Republic Party

A political party in Iran that advocates for Islamic democracy and the interests of the Islamic Republic.

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21

Reformist Party

A political party in Iran that advocates for reform, democracy, and social justice.

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22

Moderation and Development Party

A political party in Turkey that advocates for moderate Islamism and conservative values.

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23

National Action Party

A political party in Mexico that advocates for conservatism and the interests of the Mexican people.

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24

Institutional Revolutionary Party

A political party in Mexico that advocates for social democracy and the interests of the Mexican people.

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25

Party of the Democratic Revolution

A political party in Mexico that advocates for social democracy, progressivism, and the interests of the Mexican people.

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26

All Progressives Congress

A political party in Nigeria that advocates for progressivism, democracy, and the interests of the Nigerian people.

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27

People's Democratic Party

A political party in Nigeria that advocates for social democracy and the interests of the Nigerian people.

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28

All Progressives Grand Alliance

A political party in Nigeria that advocates for progressivism, democracy, and the interests of the Nigerian people.

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29

social movement

a group of people who come together to promote or resist a social change.

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30

Interest groups

These are organizations that seek to influence public policy on behalf of a particular interest or group.

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31

Civil Rights Movement

A social movement in the United States during the 1950s and 1960s that aimed to end racial discrimination and segregation against African Americans.

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32

Women's Suffrage Movement

A political movement in the United States during the late 19th and early 20th centuries that fought for women's right to vote and equality under the law.

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33

Anti-Apartheid Movement

A global movement against racial segregation and discrimination in South Africa, which lasted from the 1940s to the 1990s.

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34

Arab Spring Movement

A series of protests and uprisings in the Middle East and North Africa that began in 2010, calling for democracy, human rights, and social justice.

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35

National Rifle Association (NRA)

A powerful lobbying group in the United States that advocates for gun rights and opposes gun control.

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36

American Medical Association (AMA)

A professional organization for physicians in the United States that works to promote public health and advance the medical profession.

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37

Sierra Club

A grassroots environmental organization in the United States that works to protect wilderness areas and promote conservation.

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38

American Association of Retired Persons (AARP)

A nonprofit organization in the United States that advocates for the rights and interests of older Americans.

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39

Pluralism

a theory that suggests that power in society is distributed among various groups and interests.

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40

Corporatism

a theory that suggests that power in society is concentrated in a few large interest groups that work closely with government.

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