Ch 2+3 Theology Vocab

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Theology

29 Terms

1

Vulgate

St. Jerome’s fourth-century translation of the Bible from Greek to Latin

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2

Dead Sea Scrolls

Old Testament manuscripts found in 1947

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3

Canon

Official books of the Bible

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4

Septuagint

the oldest Greek version of the Old Testament

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5

Apocrypha

7 Greek books sometimes found in the back of Protestant books

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6

Second Vatican Council

Conference of bishops called by St. John XXII to consider the Church in the modern world. 1962-1965

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7

Exegesis

The process used by scholars to discover the literal meaning of the biblical text

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8

Literary Genre

A type of writing that has a particular form, style, or content

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9

Literal Sense

Taking it at face value

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10

Oral Tradition

The process of sharing stories through word of mouth

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11

Parable

A short story that illustrates a moral or spiritual lesson

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12

Ark of the Covenant

The most important symbol of the Jewish faith. Served as the only physical manifestation of God. Was built while the Israelites wandered the desert. Used until the building of the first temple.

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13

Scribes

People trained to write using the earliest forms of writing

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14

Evangelist

One who proclaims in word and deed the Good News of Jesus Christ

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15

Gentile

A term for non-Jews

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16

Exodus

A foundational event in the history of the Chosen People that occurred when Moses led the Hebrews out of Egypt and slavery.

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17

Sacrament

A sign and source of grace instituted by Jesus Christ and entrusted to the Church, bestowed to us by the Holy Spirit

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18

Liturgy of the Hours

The prayer of the Church at specific times of day. Uses readings from Scriptures

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19

Liturgy

The official public worship of the Church. It is the participation of the People of God in the work of the Trinity. Mass is the most important liturgical celebration

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20

Lectio Divina

A Benedictine prayer tradition of “sacred reading”; is intended for the person praying to meet God through Scripture.

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21

Pentateuch

A Greek term for the first five books off the Bible

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22

Law

Helped the Israelites live in conformity to God’s will

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23

Judges

Military leaders who led the Old Testament Israelite tribes in battles against their oppressors

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24

Apocalyptic

Refers to a type of symbolic literature that contains apparitions about the future and the Final Judgment

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25

Galilee

A large region in the north of the modern nation of Israel, north of Samaria at the time of Jesus

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26

Kerygma

The core or essential message of the Gospel that Jesus Christ is Lord

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27

Didache

Refers to the earliest known writing in Christianity aside from the New Testament

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28

Epistle

A letter

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29

catholic

Universal

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