# SNC2D1: Optics

Studied by 12 people
4.0(1)
get a hint
hint

Lesson 1: Introduction to Optics Lesson 2: Reflection of Light in a Plane Mirror Lesson 3: Curved Mirrors, Ray Diagrams and Image Properties Lesson 4: Applications of Curved Mirrors and Curved Mirror Equation Calculations. Lesson 6: Introduction to refraction and refraction ray diagrams. Lesson 7: Total internal reflection and Critical angle Lesson 10: Lenses and Ray Diagrams Lesson 11: Lens Equation Lesson 12: Introduction to the human eye and eye conditions/corrections

1 / 73

## Tags and Description

### 74 Terms

1

Lesson 1: Introduction to Optics Lesson 2: Reflection of Light in a Plane Mirror Lesson 3: Curved Mirrors, Ray Diagrams and Image Properties Lesson 4: Applications of Curved Mirrors and Curved Mirror Equation Calculations. Lesson 6: Introduction to refraction and refraction ray diagrams. Lesson 7: Total internal reflection and Critical angle Lesson 10: Lenses and Ray Diagrams Lesson 11: Lens Equation Lesson 12: Introduction to the human eye and eye conditions/corrections

New cards
2

Define "converging"

Going towards the one point.

New cards
3

Define "diverging"

Separating, leaving one point into many different directions.

New cards
4

Define "reflection"

The process of light 'bouncing off' an object.

New cards
5

Recall "The Law of Reflection"

Î¸áµ˘ = Î¸áµŁ

New cards
6

Define "The Law of Reflection"

The angle of incidence is equal to the angle of reflection. Measured at the normal.

New cards
7

Define "The Incident Ray"

The ray moving towards the mirror.

New cards
8

Define "The Reflected Ray"

The ray moving away from the mirror that was reflected.

New cards
9

Define "The Point of Incidence"

The point were the light is reflected.

New cards
10

Define "The Normal Line"

The line perpendicular to the mirror where the Point of Incidence is.

New cards
11

Define "Angle of Incidence"

Represented as 'i', the angle between the ray of incidence and the normal.

New cards
12

Define "Angle of Reflection"

Represented as "r", the angle between the ray of reflection and the normal.

New cards
13

Recall "SALT"

Size, Attitude, Location, Type.

New cards
14

Define "Size"

Bigger, smaller, or same size relative to object.

New cards
15

Define "Attitude"

Upright or Inverted relative to object.

New cards
16

Define "Location"

Same Side (Whereâ€”F, C 2F', between O + F'), Behind Mirror

New cards
17

Define "Type"

Real or Virtual.

New cards
18

Define "Real Image"

An image that is formed by rays of light and can be seen/projected onto a surface.

New cards
19

Define "Virtual Image"

An image that is formed by 'fake' rays of light and cannot be seen/projected onto a surface.

New cards
20

Define "Converging Mirrors"

Cause parallel light rays rays to come to a point.

New cards
21

"Converging Mirrors" A.K.A.

Concave mirrors

New cards
22

"Concave Mirrors" A.K.A.

Converging Mirrors

New cards
23

Define "Diverging Mirrors"

Cause parallel lights to spread apart from a point

New cards
24

"Diverging Mirrors" A.K.A.

Convex Mirrors

New cards
25

"Convex Mirrors" A.K.A.

Diverging Mirrors

New cards
26

Recall "Centre of Curvature"

C

New cards
27

Define "Centre of Curvature"

Twice the distance of F, the centre of the sphere of the mirror.

New cards
28

Recall "Centre of Curvature" Variable

C

New cards
29

Recall "Vertex" Variable

V

New cards
30

Define "Vertex"

The point at which the mirror intersects the Principle Axis.

New cards
31

Recall "Principal Axis"

PA

New cards
32

Define "Principle Axis"

The line drawn through the vertex, perpendicular to the mirror.

New cards
33

Define "Focus"

The point halfway between the Centre of Curvature and the Vertex

New cards
34

Recall "Focus" Variable

F

New cards
35

List "Types of Mirror"

Concave, Convex.

New cards
36

List "Rules for Concave Mirror Ray Diagram"

Parallel to PA & reflected through F, Through F & reflected parallel to PA, Through C & reflected along same path

New cards
37

List "Rules for Convex Mirror Ray Diagram"

Parallel to PA & reflected backwards with virtual line through F, Towards virtual F & reflected parallel to PA with parallel virtual line parallel to PA, Towards virtual C & reflected on same path with virtual line to C.

New cards
38

Curved Mirror Equation

New cards
39

Recall "Negative F Mirror"

Diverging/Convex Mirror

New cards
40

Recall "Positive F Mirror"

Converging/Concave Mirror

New cards
41

Recall "Negative dáµ˘"

Image is virtual

New cards
42

Recall "Positive dáµ˘"

Image is real

New cards
43

Recall "Negative M"

Image is inverted

New cards
44

Recall "Positive M"

Image is upright

New cards
45

Recall "Index of Refraction" Variable

n

New cards
46

Define "Index of Refraction" Variable

The ratio of the speed of light in a vacuum to the speed of light in the medium

New cards
47

Recall "Speed of Light in Medium" Variable

V

New cards
48

Recall "Speed of Light in Vacuum" Variable

c

New cards
49

Recall "The Speed of Light"

3.00 â€˘ 10^8 m/s

New cards
50

Result of "Light Travelling from less dense to more dense medium"

Bends towards normal

New cards
51

Result of "Light travelling from more dense to less dense medium"

Bends away from normal.

New cards
52

Define "Total Internal Reflection"

Where light reflects in a medium instead of exiting out of it.

New cards
53

Define "Critical Angle"

The greatest angle light is able to exit a medium with.

New cards
54

Recall "Two conditions for total internal reflection"

The angle of incidence must be greater than the critical angle. The light must be travelling from a more to less dense medium.

New cards
55

Define "Convex Lenses"

Lenses that cause parallel light rays to go towards one point.

New cards
56

Define "Concave Lenses"

Lenses that cause parallel light rays to disperse from one point.

New cards
57

"Convex Lenses" A.K.A.

Converging Lenses

New cards
58

"Concave Lenses" A.K.A.

Diverging Lenses

New cards
59

"Converging Lenses" A.K.A.

Convex Lenses

New cards
60

"Diverging Lenses" A.K.A.

Concave Lenses

New cards
61

List "Rules for Lens Ray Diagrams"

A ray parallel to the Primary Focus and is refracted so it passes through F. A ray that passes through F' and is refracted as a parallel line. A ray that passes through the optical centre without bending.

New cards
62

Define "Hyperopia"

The condition where someone can see far away but not close. Caused because the focal point is too far away to the retina.

New cards
63

"Hyperopia" A.K.A.

Farsightedness

New cards
64

Define "Myopia"

The condition where someone can see close but not far away. The focal point is too close to the retina.

New cards
65

"Myopia" A.K.A.

Nearsightedness

New cards
66

Define "Lens for Hyperopia"

Convex/Converging Lens

New cards
67

Define "Lens for Myopia"

Concave/Diverging Lens.

New cards
68

Define "Incandescence"

The light produced by hot objects. Most energy is given off as heat.

New cards
69

Define "Luminescence"

Light given off by objects that have not been heated.

New cards
70

Define "Fluorescent"

Tubes that contain mercury vapour that emit UV light until it is coated in phosphos. Some energy is given off as heat.

New cards
71

Define "Phosphorescence"

Light emitted by phosphor that glow in the dark.

New cards
72

Define "Discharge Tubes"

Neon Lights, produced by an electric current when their energy is released

New cards
73

Define "Light Emitting Diodes"

LED. Very durable, small electric current required.

New cards
74

Define "Chemiluminescence"

Light released during chemical reactions. When it occurs in organisms it is called Bioluminescence.

New cards

## Explore top notes

Note
Studied by 56 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(2)
Note
Studied by 13 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
Note
Studied by 38 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(2)
Note
Studied by 161 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(3)
Note
Studied by 17 people
Updated ... ago
4.0 Stars(1)
Note
Studied by 1560 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(7)
Note
Studied by 16 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(2)
Note
Studied by 8 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(2)

## Explore top flashcards

Flashcard36 terms
Studied by 131 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
Flashcard173 terms
Studied by 166 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
Flashcard79 terms
Studied by 51 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(2)
Flashcard30 terms
Studied by 1 person
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
Flashcard80 terms
Studied by 49 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
Flashcard27 terms
Studied by 4 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(2)
Flashcard66 terms
Studied by 3 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
Flashcard63 terms
Studied by 164 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)