Roaring Twenties/Great Depression/New Deal

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47 Terms

1

flappers

someone who danced to jazz, smoked cigarettes, drank bootleg liquor, and was sexually active

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2

fundamentalist movement

a movement that began in the late 19th- and early 20th-century within American Protestant circles to defend the "fundamentals of belief" against the corrosive effects of liberalism that had grown within the ranks of Protestantism itself

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3

booker t. washington

wanted africans americans to get technical skills before asking for equality or integration

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4

18th amendment

established the prohibition of alcohol in the United States.

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5

great migration

one of the largest movements of people in United States history. Approximately six million Black people moved from the American South to Northern, Midwestern, and Western states roughly from the 1910s until the 1970s

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6

nativism

the policy of perpetuating native cultures

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7

national association for the advancement of colored people (NAACP)

a civil rights organization in the United States, formed in 1909 as an interracial endeavor to advance justice for African Americans by a group including W. E. B. Du Bois, Mary White Ovington, Moorfield Storey and Ida B. Wells.

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8

quota system

only let 2%of each nationality in to the US

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9

seminole indians

Their economy emphasized hunting, fishing, and gathering wild foods such as nuts and berries; they also grew corn (maize), beans, squash, melons, and other produce on high ground within the wetlands

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10

W.E.B DuBois

wanted immediate equality because it was guaranteed in the constitution

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11

harlem renaissance

a period in the 1920s when African-American achievements in art and music and literature flourished

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12

ku klux klan

a secret society of white Southerners in the United States; was formed in the 19th century to resist the emancipation of slaves

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13

marcus garvey

emphasized black pride, black-owned businesses, and unity among all people of African descent. believed that all african americans should return to africa and wanted to create a national state for africans in africa

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14

nineteenth amendment

an amendment to the Constitution of the United States adopted in 1920; guarantees that no state can deny the right to vote on the basis of sex

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15

normalcy

the condition of being normal; the state of being usual, typical, or expected

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16

prohibition

the period from 1920 to 1933 when the sale of alcoholic beverages was prohibited in the United States by a constitutional amendment

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17

rosewood incident

a racially motivated massacre of black people and the destruction of a black town that took place during the first week of January 1923 in rural Levy County, Florida, United States

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18

sacco and vanzetti

they were Italian immigrant anarchists who were controversially accused of murdering Alessandro Berardelli and Frederick Parmenter, a guard and paymaster respectively, during the April 15, 1920, armed robbery of the Slater and Morrill Shoe Company in Braintree, Massachusetts, United States.

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19

universal negro improvement

a black nationalist fraternal organization founded by Marcus Garvey, a Jamaican immigrant to the United States, and Amy Ashwood Garvey.

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20

association

a group of people organized for a joint purpose

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21

volstead act

an act of the 66th United States Congress enacted to carry out the intent of the 18th Amendment, which established prohibition of alcoholic drinks

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22

black tuesday

also known as the Great Crash, it was a major American stock market crash that occurred in the autumn of 1929. It started in September and ended late in October, when share prices on the New York Stock Exchange collapsed.

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23

agricultural adjustment act (AAA)

a United States federal law of the New Deal era designed to boost agricultural prices by reducing surpluses. The government bought livestock for slaughter and paid farmers subsidies not to plant on part of their land

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24

bank holiday

any of several weekdays when banks are closed

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25

bonus expeditionary force

a group of 43,000 demonstrators – 17,000 veterans of the United States in World War I, their families, and affiliated groups – who gathered in Washington, D.C., in mid-1932 to demand early cash redemption of their service bonus certificates

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26

civilian conservation corps (CCC)

a voluntary government work relief program that ran from 1933 to 1942 in the United States for unemployed, unmarried men ages 18–25 and eventually expanded to ages 17–28. Robert Fechner was the first director of this agency, succeeded by James McEntee following Fechner's death

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27

federal deposit insurance corporation (FDIC)

a federally sponsored corporation that insures accounts in national banks and other qualified institutions

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28

gross national product (GNP)

former measure of the United States economy; the total market value of goods and services produced by all citizens and capital during a given period

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29

national labor relations act (wagner act)

Allowed unions to collectively bargain

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30

national recovery administration (NRA)

a prime agency established by U.S. president Franklin D. Roosevelt in 1933. The goal of the administration was to eliminate "cut throat competition" by bringing industry, labor, and government together to create codes of "fair practices" and set prices

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31

smoot-hawley tariff

a law that implemented protectionist trade policies in the United States. Sponsored by Senator Reed Smoot and Representative Willis C. Hawley, it was signed by President Herbert Hoover on June 17, 1930

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32

tennessee valley authority (TVA)

Built Dams and Generated electricity

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33

bull market

a market characterized by rising prices for securities

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34

buying on margin

getting a loan from your brokerage and using the money from the loan to invest in more securities than you can buy with your available cash.

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35

dust bowl

a region subject to dust storms; especially the central region of United States subject to dust storms in the 1930s

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36

economic boom

a period of increased commercial activity within either a business, market, industry, or economy as a whole

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37

great depression

the economic crisis beginning with the stock market crash in 1929 and continuing through the 1930s

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38

national recovery act (NRA)

a US labor law and consumer law passed by the 73rd US Congress to authorize the President to regulate industry for fair wages and prices that would stimulate economic recovery. It also established a national public works program known as the Public Works Administration.

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39

new deal

the historic period in the United States during which President Franklin Roosevelt's economic policies were implemented

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40

relief

to support/help everything and everyone affected

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41

recovery

to fix the economy

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42

reform

fixing the financial system to prevent a repeat depression

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43

roaring twenties

a surging economy created an era of mass consumerism, as Jazz-Age flappers flouted Prohibition laws and the Harlem Renaissance redefined arts and culture.

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44

sit-down strike

a strike during which workers occupy their place of employment and refuse to work or allow others to work until the strike is settled.

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45

social security

social welfare program in the Us. Created unemployment,Insurance for people injured on the job, Provided benefits to poverty stricken women and children, and disabled

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46

speculation boom

It marked a period of exorbitant economic growth. Between 1922 to 1929, the gross national product grew at an average annual rate of 4.7%, while the unemployment rate dropped from 6.7% to 3.2%.

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47

works progress administration (WPA)

an American New Deal agency, that employed millions of jobseekers to carry out public works projects, including the construction of public buildings and roads. It was set up on May 6, 1935, by presidential order, as a key part of the Second New Deal.

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