Junior Year: Theology Unit 2

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25 Terms


to bring life


the og 12 disciples that Jesus chose


association with the sacred


A formal promise between two parties. Establishes a relationship as of blood kinship between them Like a family- requires each party to certain attitudes & actions between them Covenant not just a contract, changes who you are If one person violates, the other still has to do their portion


to make one like God

Holy Spirit

Third person of the trinity, proceeds from the Father and the Son, gives life and wisdom


a theological mystery about the three persons of the one God. (Perichoresis- an eternal dance of love)


The Church is trinitarian. The Church believes in the trinity. The Father, Son, and Holy Spirit have roles in the Church. The Church is for the good of the people and allows us to take part in the Kingdom of God.


God's chosen people. The Mosaic covenant- God's chosen people if they follow the Law.


The man (the incarnation, fully divine, fully human) of the second person of the Trinity(Son)


First person of the trinity, origin of the trinity, created the world.

Kingdom of God

a time when God's will would be done on earth.


the teaching authority of the Church


Development of the Magisterial teaching


the Holy Spirit descends upon the disciples (gust of wind, flaming tongues) They are able to speak different languages in order to proclaim



set apart


to make holy

The Five Stages of Church History

The Early Church (0-500 AD) The Early Middle Ages (500-900 AD) The Middle & High Ages (900-1400 AD) The Tridentine Era (1400-1800 AD) The Modern Era (1800-1965 AD) The Post-Vatican II Era (1965-Present)

The Early Church (Date & 2-3 events)

0-500 AD. The Ascension: Jesus's departure from the world, 40 days after Resurrection, Paschal candle taken out on Ascension feast, glorification of Jesus after resurrection and death Conversion of Paul: pharisee in Jerusalem, swore to wipe out new Christian church "The Way", blinded from Jesus apparition, healed by Ananias, baptized into faith Edict of Milan: 313 AD, proclamation by Constantine of toleration of Christianity in Roman Empire, given in city of Milan, asked return of confiscated items to Christian owners

The Early Middle Ages

500-900 AD Iconoclasm (787): the destruction of Icons/images of God & Jesus, should we make images of Jesus/God? No, because no image would be accurate, Yes because Jesus visible image of invisible God, not inaccurate. (Yes is correct) Split between Eastern and Western church Book of Kells (800): made in Ireland Scotland area, illuminated manuscript of four gospels, featuring intricate artwork and design, possibly used as visual element during mass Pope Gregory the Great (590): born wealthy family in plague, converted to Monastic life, made deacon by Pope Pelagius II, Elected pope 590, planned war strategies, funded soldiers, protected Rome from Lombards

The Middle & High Ages

900-1400 AD The Great Schism (1054): Eastern Orthodox, Roman Catholic split, 2 larges denominations of Churches created, conflicts: unleavened bread (Catholics), wording of Nicene, Clerics remaining celibate (Catholic), struggle for political power (Pope v Patriarch), Long standing excommunication decrees lifted between Pope Paul VI & Patriarch Athenagoras in 1965 St. Bernard Clairvaux (1090-1153): Joined dying monastery age 20 (revived cause brothers, uncles, & friends joined w/ him), over years became arbiter between people in Church, advised Pope, settled schism in favor of Roman Pontiff over antipope, Holy See encouraged him preach 2nd Crusade, felt guilty afterwards Thomas Aquinas (1225-1274): Greatest Scholastic Philosopher, regarded model teacher of those studying priesthood, fell ill on way to Council of Lyon & died

The Tridentine Era

1400-1800 AD Martin Luther (1483-1546): monk and theologian, believed God alone granted salvation, denounced Catholic Church (& teachings publicly) wrote 95 thesis, beliefs helped start Reformation Our Lady of Guadalupe (1531): appeared to St. Juan Diego, wanted Church built for her, Bishop doubted Juan, Mary performed miracle (flowers, image of face on cloth) Juan canonized by JPII Suppression of Jesuits (1759-1814): resulted from anti-church attitudes, inspired by defense of natives, Portuguese expel Jesuits, deemed illegal by France, Pope Clement XIII refuses act against them, Pope Clement XIII suppressed Jesuits, maintained shadow presences until 1814 Pope Pius VII reinstated the order

The Modern Era

1800-1960 AD First Vatican Council 1869-70: called action by Pope Pius IX to address growing problems (rationalism, liberalism, materialism), out of 1050 bishops 700 attended, two doctrinal constitutions: Dei Fillius- deals w/ faith, reason, & their interrelations (shortened version of schema) & Pastor Aeternus- authority of Pope, whole Church shares beliefs of Pope Baltimore Catechism (1884): Published by Plenary Council, 421 Q&A in 37 chapters, No why to answers, 2nd Vatican council decided make better one, published new version 1992 St. Therese of Lisieux (1873-1925): Religious household, Carmelite convent at Lisieux, taught concept of "Spiritual Childhood" be like a child w/ God, died of tuberculosis, not day go by w/ out pain for her

The Post-Vatican II Era

1960 AD-Present Second Vatican Council (1962-1965): 21st ecumenical council, modernization of Church, improved translation, priest faced people, Mass in native language Pope John Paul II (1978-2005): succesful efforts to end communism, bridges between peoples of other faiths, begged for God's forgiveness ab Church's past misdeeds Pope Benedict XVI (2005-2013): Pope from 2005-2013, was theologian & Congregation of Doctrine of Faith, Papacy challenges: decline in mass attendance & vocations, divisive debates ab direction of Church, sexual abuse scandal 1990s