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fascism

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30 Terms

1

fascism

a political philosophy that glorifies the state above the individual by emphasizing the need for a strong central government led by a dictatorial ruler

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2

federal system

a form of government in which power is shared between the national and state governments

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3

feminism

the movement for women’s rights

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4

feudalism

political and social order that developed during the Middle Ages when royal governments were no longer able to defend their subjects; nobles offered protection and land in return for service

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5

final

the last in a series, process, or progress

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6

fresco

painting done on fresh, wet plaster with water-based paints

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7

fund

give money for a specific purpose

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8

fundamental

basic or essential

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9

generation

a group of individuals born and living at the same time

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10

genocide

a deliberate mass murder or physical extinction of a particular racial, political, or cultural group

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11

geocentric

Earth-centered; a system of planetary motion in which the sun, moon, and other planets revolve around the earth

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12

ghetto

formerly a district in a city in which Jews were required to live

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13

glasnost

a Soviet policy permitting open discussion of political and social issues

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14

globalization

the movement toward a more integrated and interdependent world economy

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15

goal

an aim or a purpose

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16

grand vizier

the Ottoman sultan’s chief master who carried the main burdens of the state and who led the council meetings

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17

greenhouse effect

global warming cause by the buildup of carbon dioxide in the atmosphere

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18

guarantee

to assure fulfillment of a condition

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19

guerrilla tactics

the use of unexpected maneuvers like sabotage and subterfuge to fight an enemy

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20

gunpowder empire

an empire formed by outside conquerors who unified the regions they conquered through their mastery of firearms

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21

hans

approximately 250 domains into which Japan was divided under the Tokugawa

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22

harem

“sacred place”; the private domain of an Ottoman sultan, where he and his wives resided

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23

heavy industry

the manufacture of machines and equipment for factories and mines

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24

heliocentric

sun-centered; the system of the universe in which the Earth and planets revolve around the sun

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25

heretic

one who does not conform to established doctrine

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26

highlighted

centered attention on

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27

HIV / AIDS

human immunodeficiency virus / acquired immunodeficiency syndrome; any of the strains of HIV-1 and HIV-2 that infect and destroy the immune system’s helper T cells causing a large drop in their numbers, and becomes AIDS when a person has 20% or less than the normal level of helper T cells

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28

hostage system

a system used by the shogunate to control the daimyo i Tokugawa Japan; the family of the daimyo lord was forced to stay at their residence in the capital whenever the lord was absent form it

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29

humanism

an intellectual movement of the Renaissance based on the study of the humanities, which included grammar, rhetoric, poetry, moral philosophy, and history

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30

human rights

rights regarded as belonging fundamentally to all persons

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