Gov Basics Study 9/27 ISS

studied byStudied by 1 person
0.0(0)
get a hint
hint

Thomas Hobbes

1 / 51

Tags and Description

Government

52 Terms

1

Thomas Hobbes

________:: Believed humans in a "state of nature "would behave badly towards each other.

New cards
2

John Locke

________:: Humans in "state of nature "were selfish but human nature is characterized by reason and tolerance.

New cards
3

Totalitarian

________:: wishes to control every aspect of citizens lives.

New cards
4

Public Policy

________:: a system of laws, regulatory measures, courses of actions, and funding priorities concerning a given topic publicized by a governmental entity or its representatives.

New cards
5

Oligarchy

________:: a small elite, self- appointed group controls all.

New cards
6

Any person

________ has a natural right to do anything to preserve their own liberty or safety.

New cards
7

Cons

________: local issues not met, or could be ignored.

New cards
8

Jean Jacques Rousseau

________:: Men are "noble savages, "and our bad habits are the products of corrupting forces in society.

New cards
9

Confederate

________:: An alliance of independent states, where the "central "government only has powers which member states assign it.

New cards
10

Origin

________- Force Theory:: person or people takes over are through military intervention (dicatorship)

New cards
11

Social Contract

The ________:: Agreement where people give up some free will in return for protection from government.

New cards
12

natural morality

There is no ________, and government should show power and punish lawbreakers.

New cards
13

Presidential

________:: executives term is limited, and there is separation of power.

New cards
14

Government

________ can not be a theocracy, monarchy, or dictatorship.

New cards
15

Pros

________: power would never be consolidated into one central body, makes alliances for war and trade easier.

New cards
16

materialistic desire

War is not in mans best interest, and man has a self- interested, ________ to end war and enter a social contract.

New cards
17

political freedom

Authoritarian:: wishes to control all ________.

New cards
18

Exec branch

Parliamentary:: ________ has Prime Minister, who is chosen from the legislative branch.

New cards
19

Social Contract Theory

Origin- ________:: Government represents free will of people.

New cards
20

Origin

________- Evolutionary Theory:: states are developed out of a basic family unit; family networks are created and head of family is also head of state (monarchy)

New cards
21

Pros

________: government is less expensive to run and there is national unity.

New cards
22

Anarchy

A society lacking government

New cards
23

State of Nature

Hypothetical anarchic society without government

New cards
24

Purpose of Government

provide protection, create order, and provide for its citizens

New cards
25

Characteristics of State

population, territory, sovereignty, government

New cards
26

"The State"

a body of people, living in a defined territory, organized politically, and having the power to make and enforce laws, without needing the consent of higher authority

New cards
27

Public Policy

a system of laws, regulatory measures, courses of actions, and funding priorities concerning a given topic publicized by a governmental entity or its representatives

New cards
28

The Social Contract

Agreement where people give up some free will in return for protection from government

New cards
29

Hobbes work

Leviathan, 1651

New cards
30

Lockes work

Two Treatises of Government, 1689

New cards
31

Rousseaus work

The Social Contract, 1762

New cards
32

Thomas Hobbes

Believed humans in a "state of nature" would behave badly towards each other

New cards
33

John Locke

Humans in "state of nature" were selfish but human nature is characterized by reason and tolerance

New cards
34

Jean-Jacques Rousseau

Men are "noble savages", and our bad habits are the products of corrupting forces in society

New cards
35

He is critical of

social hierarchy, property, and markets

New cards
36

Unitary

all powers belong to one body

New cards
37

Pros

government is less expensive to run and there is national unity

New cards
38

Cons

local issues not met, or could be ignored

New cards
39

Federal

Good for large landmass countries and ethnically diverse countries

New cards
40

Pros

local issues met, not ignored

New cards
41

Cons

does not promote national unity as much, could create regionalism

New cards
42

Confederate

An alliance of independent states, where the "central" government only has powers which member states assign it

New cards
43

Pros

power would never be consolidated into one central body, makes alliances for war and trade easier

New cards
44

Cons

central government is very weak and unstable

New cards
45

Presidential

executives term is limited, and there is separation of power

New cards
46

Parliamentary

Exec branch has Prime Minister, who is chosen from the legislative branch

New cards
47

Dictatorship

Rule by minority

New cards
48

Autocracy

One person controls all in a dictatorship

New cards
49

Oligarchy

a small elite, self-appointed group controls all

New cards
50

Authoritarian

wishes to control all political freedom

New cards
51

Totalitarian

wishes to control every aspect of citizens lives

New cards
52

Influences on Government

History and past experiences; demographics, culture, ideologies and social values; geography (physical and political)

New cards

Explore top notes

note Note
studied byStudied by 19 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
note Note
studied byStudied by 6 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
note Note
studied byStudied by 13 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
note Note
studied byStudied by 7 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
note Note
studied byStudied by 58 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
note Note
studied byStudied by 67 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(2)
note Note
studied byStudied by 8300 people
Updated ... ago
4.6 Stars(46)
note Note
studied byStudied by 50 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)

Explore top flashcards

flashcards Flashcard37 terms
studied byStudied by 32 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(2)
flashcards Flashcard100 terms
studied byStudied by 7 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
flashcards Flashcard93 terms
studied byStudied by 7 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
flashcards Flashcard71 terms
studied byStudied by 50 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
flashcards Flashcard42 terms
studied byStudied by 5 people
Updated ... ago
4.0 Stars(1)
flashcards Flashcard33 terms
studied byStudied by 8 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
flashcards Flashcard85 terms
studied byStudied by 7 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
flashcards Flashcard55 terms
studied byStudied by 242 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(10)