History 102 Exam 1 UMKC

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1

During the progressive era, economic production shifted from capital goods to

consumer products

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2

Which of the following individuals was a muckraker

Upton Sinclair

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3

The Keating-Owen Act of 1916

Outlawed child labor in the manufacture of goods sold in interstate commerce

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4

During the Progressive era, the largest city in the United States was

New York

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5

President Theodore Roosevelt’s reform program was called the

Square Deal

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6

Why did the Society of American Indians form in 1911

It was formed to provide Native Americans with remedies for social injustice

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7

Who was the early-twentieth-century governor of Wisconsin who believed that the state was a “laboratory for democracy,” developed what came to be known as the Wisconsin idea, taxed corporate wealth, and initiated state regulation of public utilities?

Robert La Follette

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8

The term “progressive” that came into common use around 1910 describes

A loosely defined political movement of people who hoped to bring about social and political change in American life

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9

From 1910 to 1916, the price of a Model T automobile approximately

halved

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10

Which of the following can be associated with the decline of the Knights of Labor

Haymarket Square

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11

The phrase that best captures the vision of the Knights of Labor is

“Cooperative commonwealth”

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12

The event marking the end of four centuries of armed conflict between the continent’s native population and European settlers and their descendants was called

Wounded Knee

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13

The author of How the Other Half Lives (1890) was

Jacob Riis

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14

In the late 1800s, this geographic area experienced the most dramatic growth in capitalism

Land west of the Mississippi River

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15

Founded in 1867, this group was critical of railroad companies and moved to establish cooperatives for storing and marketing farm output in the hope of forcing freight carries to reduce shipping costs

The Grange

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16

Among the following, who was a “captain of industry”?

Andrew Carnegie

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17

What was the name of the organization that sought to organize both skilled and unskilled workers, women as well as men, blacks along with whites, and achieved a membership of nearly 800,000 in 1886

Knights of Labor

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18

Which of the following were sources of violence in America during the Gilded Age?

White supremacist southern attacks on African Americans

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19

William “Buffalo Bill” Cody was

An entertainer who had a traveling show showcasing reenactments of battles with Indians

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20

In 1903, for the first time in U.S. history, Congress passed a law declaring that a person holding a specific political viewpoint could be banned from entering the nation. These were the

Anarchists

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21

What product ultimately led the United States in part to annex the Hawaiian islands in the late 1890s

sugar

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22

What were critics of immigration worried about during this time period?

declining birth rate among white women

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23

The congressman from Nebraska who was the Democratic Party nominee for president in 1896 and who called for the “free coinage” of silver was

William Jennings Bryan

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24

What was the name of 1899 policy established by Secretary of Sate John Hay regarding China

The Open Door policy

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25

In February 1898, what ship exploded in Havana Harbor with a loss of nearly 270 lives?

The battleship Maine

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26

What landmark United States Supreme Court decision gave approval to state laws requiring sepera

Plessy V. Ferguson

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27

The 1892 People’s Party platform, written by Ignatius Donnelly and adopted at the party’s Omaha convention, proposed

Direct election of United States Senators

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28

The Women’s Christian Temperance Union began by demanding the prohibition of alcoholic drinks, but developed into an organization

calling for economic and political reforms, including the right to vote

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29

What was the name of the labor organization of principally white, male, skilled workers that arose in the 1880s and was headed by Samuel Gompers?

The American Federation of Labor

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30

During the Progressive era, economic production shifted from capital goods to

consumer products

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31

Which of the following series of events is listed in proper sequence?

Assassination of President McKinley; Meat Inspection Act; unveiling of Woodrow Wilson’s “New Freedom” program; Federal Reserve Act

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32

A muckraker

Upton Sinclair

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33

The Keating-Owen Act of 1916

outlawed child labor in the manufacture of goods sold in interstate commerce

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34

During the Progressive era, the largest city in the United States was

New York

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35

President Theodore Roosevelt’s reform program was called the

Square Deal

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36

Why did the Society of American Indians form in 1911?

It was formed to provide Native Americans with remedies for social injustice

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37

Who was the early-twentieth-century governor of Wisconsin who believed that the state was a “laboratory for democracy,” developed what came to be known as the Wisconsin Idea, taxed corporate wealth, and initiated state regulation of public utilities?

Robert La Follette

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38

The tern “Progressive” that came into common use around 1910 describes

A loosely defined political movement of people who hoped to bring about social and political change in American life

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39

From 1910 to 1916, the price of a Model T automobile approximately

halved

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40

Which of the following U.S. government policies arose from the eugenics movement?

The increase of immigration restriction

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41

A leading characterization of U.S. foreign policy in the early twentieth century was

Dollar Diplomacy

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42

President Wilson articulated the clearest statement of American war aims and his vision of a new postwar international order in

The Fourteen Points

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43

In 1916, President Wilson sent more that 10,000 troops into Mexico to arrest

“Pancho” Villa, who had killed seventeen Americans in an attack on Columbus, New Mexico

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44

The worst race riot in American history occurred in 1921, when more than 300 blacks were killed and over 10,000 were left homeless after white mobs burned an all-black section of which city to the ground?

Tulsa, Oklahoma

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45

What was the West African proverb that President Theodore Roosevelt was fond of?

Speak softly and carry a big stick

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46

Who was the leader of the National Woman’s Party, an organization that employed militant tactics in favor of women’s suffrage?

Alice Paul

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47

What group of people outside of the United States in the 1920s and 1930s carefully studied the American eugenicist movement?

German members of the Nazi Party

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48

During World War I, Germany, Austria-Hungary, and the Ottoman empire were called

The Central Powers

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49

This federal agency presided over all elements of war production from the distribution of raw materials to the prices of manufactured goods

War Industries Board

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50

Vertical integration

Company’s avoidance of middlemen by producing its own supplies and providing for distribution of its product

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51

Trusts

Companies combined to limit competition

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52

Horizontal expansion

The process by which a corporation acquires or merges with its competitors

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53

Robber Barons

Captains of industry, control over entire industries

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54

The Gilded Age

Period after the Civil War

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55

Social Darwinism

Justify class distictions and to expand poverty

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56

Great Railroad Strike

support of striking railroad workers in Martinsburg, West Virginia, who refused to work due to wage cuts

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57

Knights of Labor

Founded in 1869, First national union

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58

Single tax

Concept of taxing only landowners as a remedy for poverty

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59

Social Gospel

Advocated the application of Christian principles to social problems generated by industrialization

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60

Haymarket Affair

Violence during an anarchist protest at Haymarket Square in Chicago, led to trial of eight anarchist leaders for conspiracy to commit murder

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61

Bonanza farms

Large farms that covered thousands of acres and employed hundreds of wage laborers in the West

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62

The Little Bighorn, Battle of

Famous battle of the Great Sioux War; combined Sioux and Cheyenne warriors massacred by U.S. Cavalry

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63

Dawes Act

Encourage adoption of white norms among Indians

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64

Ghost Dance

intended to connect the living with the dead and make the Indians bulletproof in battles intended to restore their homelands

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65

Wounded Knee massacre

U.S. Cavalry killed over 200 Sioux

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66

Gold standard

Policy at various points in American history by which the value of a dollar is set to fixed price in terms of gold

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67

Civil Service Act of 1883

Law that established the Civil Service Commission and marked the end of the spoils system

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68

Interstate Commerce Commission

Organization established by Congress, in reaction to the U.S. Supreme Court’s ruling in Wabash Railroad v. Illinois in order to curb abuses in the railroad industry

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69

Sherman Antitrust Act

First law to restrict monopolistic trusts and business combination

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70

‘To My Old Master’

Was about a freed slave who’s slave owner wanted him to come back to work but get paid this time

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