USA Chapter 2

studied byStudied by 31 people
4.0(2)
get a hint
hint

Who chose their cases carefully in regards to the bus boycott

1 / 179

Tags & Description

Flashcard set from Montgomery Bus Boycott through to Gay Rights

Studying Progress

0%
New cards
180
Still learning
0
Almost done
0
Mastered
0
180 Terms
1
New cards

Who chose their cases carefully in regards to the bus boycott

NAACP chose their cases carefully

New cards
2
New cards

When was the Rosa Parks arrested

1st December 1955

New cards
3
New cards

What is the MIA

Montgomery Improvement Agency

New cards
4
New cards

Why was the MIA formed

Formed to organise the bus boycott on 2nd December 1955

New cards
5
New cards

Who was chosen to lead the bus boycott

Martin Luther King

New cards
6
New cards

What did the MIA organise to get people to work

Taxis and other transport to get people to work

New cards
7
New cards

What percentage of black bus users joined the boycott

90%

New cards
8
New cards

What percentage did black bus users make up of the total bus users

70%

New cards
9
New cards

How long did the bus boycott last

380 days

New cards
10
New cards

What rules did Martin Luther King follow with the bus boycott

Rules of non-violent protest

New cards
11
New cards

When was bus segregation ruled as unconstitutional

November 13th 1956

New cards
12
New cards

What was Martin Luther King conscious of?

The media

New cards
13
New cards

What did Martin Luther King set up

Southern Christian Leadership Conference SCLC

New cards
14
New cards

What are the rules for non-violent protest

Must be clear who the oppressor is

Getting arrested publicly and peacefully

Accept as many white people as you can

New cards
15
New cards

How many black children were selected to attend a previously all-white school in Arkansas

9 children selected

New cards
16
New cards

Who went to stop the children under orders from the racist governor

The National Guard

New cards
17
New cards

How many children went to the school by car

8 out of the 9

New cards
18
New cards

Who didn’t get the message to not take public transport to the school

Elizabeth Eckford

New cards
19
New cards

Who got a meeting with Eisenhower about Little Rock

Martin Luther King

New cards
20
New cards

What did Eisenhower do with Little Rock

Reluctantly sent in federal troops to guard the children

New cards
21
New cards

When was the Greensboro Sit in

1st Feb 1960

New cards
22
New cards

Where did the 4 black students wait to be served

A segregated lunch counter

New cards
23
New cards

How many students came the next day

30

New cards
24
New cards

What did the white crowd do to the students at Greensboro

Blow smoke in their faces

Poured food over them

New cards
25
New cards

Why did the Greensboro Sit in stop

A bomb threat

New cards
26
New cards

What is the SNCC

Students Non-Violent Coordinating Committee

New cards
27
New cards

When and where was the SNCC set up

April 15th 1960, Raleigh, North Carolina

New cards
28
New cards

What did the SNCC do

Pushed for voter registration in the South

New cards
29
New cards

Who setup the Freedom rides in 1961

Core and SNCC, organised by James Farmer

New cards
30
New cards

What did the Freedom Rides aim to do?

Desegregate rest stops and service stations

New cards
31
New cards

How many people died due to the Freedom Rides

3 died

New cards
32
New cards

What was Birmingham nicknamed

Bombingham

New cards
33
New cards

What did Martin Luther King want to do to Birmingham

Desegregate the town

New cards
34
New cards

When did the desegregation campaign in Birmingham start

April 3rd 1963

New cards
35
New cards

Who sent federal troops in Birmingham

Kennedy

New cards
36
New cards

In 1964 who decided for a push for voter regisration

SNCC

New cards
37
New cards

How many volunteers did the SNCC send in 1964

45

New cards
38
New cards

On the 21st June 1964 how many volunteers disappeared

3, one black, 2 white

New cards
39
New cards

How many black people tried to vote in 1964 and how many accepted

17000, 1600

New cards
40
New cards

What did Stokely Carmichael set up in 1965

Lowndes County Freedom Organisation

New cards
41
New cards

What did Carmichael say about non-violent protests

They weren’t working

New cards
42
New cards

What did Carmichael want Civil Rights protests to do

Radicalise and exclude white campaigners

New cards
43
New cards

What did he want to replace the cry “Freedom” with

“Black Power!”

New cards
44
New cards

Who used the black power salute in the 1968 Olympics

Tommie Smith and John Carlos

New cards
45
New cards

When were the black panthers set up

1966

New cards
46
New cards

Where did the riots take place in 1964

New York, Chicago, Philadelphia

New cards
47
New cards

Why did the riots happen

Police Brutality as the trigger

New cards
48
New cards

What happened to the image of non-violent black people

It was replace with the media from the riots of burning cities

New cards
49
New cards

In 1965 where did $18 million of Federal Aid go

Watts District of Los Angeles

New cards
50
New cards

How many riots were there in major city slums

20

New cards
51
New cards

Where did MLK’s Northern Crusade focus

Chicago

New cards
52
New cards

What happened to the Crusade

it petered out

New cards
53
New cards

Why did many think the Northern Crusade was a failure

It brought no permanent change

New cards
54
New cards

Why was King’s relationship with the media turning sour

He accused them of trying to make him say militant statements

New cards
55
New cards

When was King assassinated

April 4th 1968

New cards
56
New cards

What piece of Civil Rights legislation was passed in 1964

Civil Rights Act

New cards
57
New cards

What piece of Civil Rights legislation was passed in 1965

Voting Rights Act`

New cards
58
New cards

Which act sets up the Civil Rights Commission and

Civil Rights Act

New cards
59
New cards

What does the Civil Rights Commission do

Gives federal justice department more rights to supervise voter regisration

New cards
60
New cards

What does the Civil Rights Act make a crime

Obstructing federal orders

New cards
61
New cards

What does the Civil Rights Act ban discrimination for

Sex or Race in hiring firing or promoting

New cards
62
New cards

What does the Voting Rights Act ban

Any attempts to stop people voting because of their race

New cards
63
New cards

How long are the provisions for the Voting Rights Act in place

5 years

New cards
64
New cards

Legally in 1980 what were black americans

Full citizens

New cards
65
New cards

What developed to a more significant extent

A black upper and middle class

New cards
66
New cards

What increased along with the amount of black graduates

Home ownership

New cards
67
New cards

What did some think after the Civil Rights and Voting Rights Acts were passed

That Civil Rights were completed

New cards
68
New cards

What kind of quota was created

A minority quota, many felt like they were not there on merit

New cards
69
New cards

What was termination

Native Americans were freed from federal control and protected and policed by the US.

New cards
70
New cards

What is a downside of termination

Lands once held in trust by the government would now be open for sale

New cards
71
New cards

Which act forced the relocation of many Native Americans

Indian Removal Act 1830

New cards
72
New cards

By the 1960s what had been widely agreed about the Indian Removal Act

That it was extremely unfair

New cards
73
New cards

What is the BIA

Bureau of Indian Affairs

New cards
74
New cards

What did the BIA setup from 1893 onwards

Indian Boarding Schools Act

New cards
75
New cards

Why was the Indian Boarding Schools Act bad

It forced children to speak only English, cut their hair and give up their native customs. Older children were placed as farmers.

New cards
76
New cards

What did the Indian Civil Rights Act do in 1968

Banned tribes from restricting the civil rights of tribal members

New cards
77
New cards

What does AIM stand for

American Indian Movement

New cards
78
New cards

Who created AIM

Young, radical and urban people

New cards
79
New cards

What was the AIM slogan

Red Power

New cards
80
New cards

What was the Trial of Broken Treaties

In 1972 when AIM did a protest drive against BIA and occupied their building

New cards
81
New cards

What did Nixon reject to do with Native Americans

Forced assimilation and termination

New cards
82
New cards

What did Nixon bring to congress to do with Native Americans

Bills for Indian autonomy

New cards
83
New cards

By 1980 which bills had congress passed

1972 Indian Education Act

1974 Indian Financing Act

1975 Indian Self-Determination Act

1975 Voting Rights Act Extended

1978 Indian Child Welfare Act

New cards
84
New cards

What did the Alaska Native Claims Settlement Act do

Transferred 40 million acres and $462,500,000 to Native Americans

New cards
85
New cards

What did Nixon’s administration not do for Native Americans

Didn’t reform the BIA

Didn’t renegotiate about Native American Sacred Sites

New cards
86
New cards

What did the Bracero Program Guarantee

Guaranteed incoming Mexicans the same wages as existing workers but this didn’t always work

New cards
87
New cards

What happened after the American-Mexican War

Mexicans living in areas that became America could become citizens or relocate to Mexico

New cards
88
New cards

What happened to many farm workers on the bracero programme

They had appalling living and working conditions but they couldn’t complain because there were more workers they could hire.

New cards
89
New cards

What did Hispanic Americans also face

Discrimination the same as black americans

New cards
90
New cards

What happened to many Hispanic Americans from 1953 onwards

Deportation

New cards
91
New cards

What is Operation Wetback

A government drive to find illegal Mexican immigrants and force them to relocate

New cards
92
New cards

How many Hispanic Americans deported from 1953

3.8 million

New cards
93
New cards

Who were the key Hispanic Civil Rights figures

Cesar Chavez, Reies Lopez, Rodolfo Gonzales

New cards
94
New cards

What did Cesar Chavez do

Fought for workers rights and for better working conditions

Set up a farm workers union

New cards
95
New cards

What did Reies Lopez do

Organised protests surrounding New Mexico land. Worked with Black Power leaders

New cards
96
New cards

What did Reies Lopez do in 1967

Went to complete a Citizens Arrest but it went wrong and they took hostages and a gun battle ensued.

New cards
97
New cards

What did Rodolfo Gonzales focus on

Race. He started off working in the the system but turned radical

New cards
98
New cards

What were the Brown Berets

Young militant organisation setup in 1967

New cards
99
New cards

What happened in 1954 to do with Native Americans

Supreme Court ruled that Hispanic People were equal citizens

New cards
100
New cards

What did only Cubans get

Cuban American Adjustment Act, all Cubans who had lived in America for a year were permanent residents

New cards

Explore top notes

note Note
studied byStudied by 10 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
note Note
studied byStudied by 29 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
note Note
studied byStudied by 9 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(2)
note Note
studied byStudied by 11 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
note Note
studied byStudied by 84 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
note Note
studied byStudied by 176 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(2)
note Note
studied byStudied by 40 people
Updated ... ago
4.0 Stars(1)
note Note
studied byStudied by 26 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)

Explore top flashcards

flashcards Flashcard32 terms
studied byStudied by 8 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
flashcards Flashcard100 terms
studied byStudied by 13 people
Updated ... ago
4.0 Stars(1)
flashcards Flashcard135 terms
studied byStudied by 10 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
flashcards Flashcard81 terms
studied byStudied by 1 person
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
flashcards Flashcard49 terms
studied byStudied by 3 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
flashcards Flashcard46 terms
studied byStudied by 183 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)