Muslim Empire Quiz

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Ottoman empire

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Ottoman empire

Minimal interaction w/ the west

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Ottoman empire focused on

war/Very militarized

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Ottoman Empire Spans

the mediterranean sea

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Ottoman =

turkey

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The Ottoman Empire was

the LONGEST lasting empire 1299-1921

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6
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Europe is terrified by

Ottoman

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Safavid and ___ are enemies

Asia

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The Ottoman Empire

Founded by Osman

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Mehmet

attacked Constantinople and won

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What Made Europe very nervous ?

The Ottomans won Constantinople

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Suleiman the Magnificent

Ottoman empire became the strongest under him and he expanded the empire

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Who did Generals and other nobles refused to obey?

Suleiman the Magnificent

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Social Hierarchy in the Ottoman Empire

Sultan, Grand Vizer/Beaucrats, Janissaries/Soldiers, and Merchants/Peasants/Pastoral People/Artisans

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Sultan

Head of the empire, Breed not lead , Fighting between children/wives over succession. Alot of drama and murder

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Grand Vizier/Bureaucrats

Technically running the country, making everyday decisions amd Would try to manipulate the sultan

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Janissaries/Soldiers

Christian slaves/soldiers, were kidnapped or volunteered themselves to the Ottoman empire. Soldiers were revered b/c the ottoman military was good, gained respect power and money, Had the ability to move up the ranks, During certain times they were as powerful/more powerful than the bureaucrats Merchants/Peasants/Pastoral People/Artisans

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People of the book

Jewish people and Christians

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Ottoman decline

corrupt leaders, slow death, falls behind europe, and military power fades

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Safavid =

Iran

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Safavid Empire

Sail al din wanted to purify/reform Islam

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Safavid Empire thought

the Ottomans were too open/weren’t strict enough religiously

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Qizilbash/readheads

followers in Safavid empire

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Suni Muslims are from

Iran, Iraq

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Suni Believed

that Abu Bakr (Close friend) should be Muhammed’s successor

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Shia Muslims Believed

that Ali (Son-in-law) should be Muhammed’s successor.

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Battle of Chaldiran significance

BEGINNING OF THE END OF THE OTTOMAN EMPIRE

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Shia (Safavid) ) vs Sunni (Ottoman)

fight for everything, religious dominance

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Who won the battle of Chaldirans

Sunnis won which is why there are more Sunni

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The battle of Chaldirans Stops

Ottomans from moving east so Safavid can’t move west

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Ismail

Alcohol and depression stop leading turmoil to follows

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Shah abba the great

fixes stuff, Consolidated empire, Reduces the power of the Qizilbash (redheads), Reformed army, Improved infrastructure

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Safavid empire has

NO religious tolerance

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Theocracy

religion was the same as state

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Both Ottoman and Safavid

were led by a warrior aristocracy, Peasants hurt by invasions, Leaders become distant, Both encourage trade

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Decline of the Safavid

Leaders became inept and secluded, as well as Succession problems

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Mughal Empire =

India

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The Mughal Empire was Founded by

Babuer

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Babur

loved books but Didn’t lead very well

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Humayun took over after

Bubur died

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Humayun’s son is

Akbar the great

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Akbar the great

Was illiterate, but smart

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One of the best leaders of the Mughal Empire

Akbar the Great

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Akbar Tried to

unite Muslim and Hindus and Encouraged interreligious marriage, even Promoting Hindus to some of the highest ranks (to show respect to hindus)

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Who Abolishes head tax/jizya (if you weren’t a muslim tax)

Akbar the Great

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Akbar made things

better for women

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Sati

the tradition of not allowing upper class widows to live without their husbands. They would get drugged and fling themselves onto the burning bodies of their husbands

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Akbar Creates hybrid faith

Din I Ilahi (big fail)

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Hindus and Muslims rejected Din I Ilahi b/c

they didn’t want to sully their faiths

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Aurangzeb

ruled after akbar, reversed the good changes made, thought everyone should be muslim, and painted as the bad guy

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Mughal Military

Made of nobility and Done so that everyone was prepared to fight

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Decline of Mughal Empire

Domestic Problems, Aurangzeb, Military conflicts drain treasury, Succession problems,Threats from Europe, and wasn't as advanced as Europe

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