Sheep and Goat (Exam 3)

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what country is the top producer of sheep in the world?

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1

what country is the top producer of sheep in the world?

china

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2

what state is the leader in sheep production

texas

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3

sheep that are short day breeders and can be bred out of season are _______ breeders

seasonal breeders

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4

_________ can be used to enhance reproductivity and quality of performance

crossbreeding

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5

what sheep operation is relatively large in size in arid and semi-arid areas of the US?

range sheep operation

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6

predominant range sheep operation production includes: 1. 2. 3.

  1. edwards plateau

  2. intermountain states

  3. far west california

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7

sheep and goats have a different __________________ than cattle

forage preference

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8

sheep and goats consume a higher percentage of ______ and ________

forbs and browse

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9

texas range ewes are primarily __________

rambouillet

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10

ewes in the intermountain states are primarily ________ or ___________________

columbia or rambouillet x columbia

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11

most range sheep lamb in the _________ with little or no assistance

pasture

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12

________ are an increasing problem (and #1 problem)

predators

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13

sheep and goats often graze together to get a more ______________________ of the range

efficient utilization

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14

what are the two types of sheep operations?

farm flock operations and feedlot operations

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15

this sheep operation has generally 25-150 head, managed in fenced areas, and are more oriented towards lamb production

farm flock operation

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16

in this sheep operation, lambs are confined and fed high concentrate diets, enter at 70 lbs and finish at 115-150 lbs, and the largest feeding state is colorado

feedlot operation

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17

what is cryptorchidism?

only one testicle descends into the scrotum

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18

what is dwarfism?

inferior bone development

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19

what is entropion?

inverted eyelids

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20

what is parrot mouth/monkey mouth?

overbite/underbite

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21

what is spider syndrome?

skeletal deformity in suffolks

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22

sheep numbers are ____________

declining

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23

what are the 7 reasons sheep numbers are declining?

fragmentation, absent land owners, new generation ranchers, predators, shearing, parasites, and the introduction of hair sheep

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24

how many goats are in the US?

2.55 million

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25

there are _____ million meat goats in the US

2.09

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26

there are __________ milk goats in the US

350,000

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27

there are _______ angoras in the US

110,000

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28

what is the largest goat producing state in the nation?

texas

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29

there are over __________ meat goats harvested annually

500,000

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30

why is the goat industry expanding?

ethnic demand and plant management

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31

the goat meat market increases with ________

holidays

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32

spring market favors _________ lb kids

20-50

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33

winter market favors _____ lb kids

60

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34

this goat breed in mostly in texas only for meat, breeds out of season, and has hardiness and survivability

spanish

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35

this goat breed originated in turkey, major producers are texas and south africa, and the mohair is exported for garment trade

angora

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36

this goat breed came from south africa to the us via new zealand

boer

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37

how many angora goats were in the us in 1985?

1.7 million

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38

how many angora goats were in the us in 2020?

110,000

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39

what are 6 goat management methods

fencing, dehorning, hoof trimming, identification, castration, and milking

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40

female goats can breed at ______ months

6-10

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41

male goats can breed at ______ months

3-6

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42

goat kids are typically ______ lbs at birth

5-8

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43

what is contagious ecthyma

soremouth

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44

what is enterotoxemia

overeating

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45

the demand for goats is due to ______ and ______

meat and show

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46

goats are easily manageable because they are ________ and _______________

hardy and adaptable

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47

goats provide multiple products, such as _________ and ______________________

meat and biological control

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48

what are 3 problems the goat industry is facing?

fragmentation, predators, and parasites

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