ANCIENT CIVILIZATIONS TEST REVIEW

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Olmec

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Tags and Description

Spanish

6th

30 Terms

1

Olmec

name that means "rubber people;" they lived in central and southern Mexico

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2

ruins

the remains of something that has been destroyed

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3

jaguar

represented the rain god for the Olmecs

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4

tall

a trait Mayan people did not have

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5

they learned to plant crops

this allowed the Mayas to move inland

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6

pyramid temples

the most well-known structures in Mayan cities

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7

stone

Mayan tools were made of this material

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8

observatory

astronomers used this structure in Chichén Itzá for their work

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9

giant staircase

picture writing covers this famous ruin in Copán

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10

man power

human strength or effort without the help of machines

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11

terraces

ridges cut into the steep sides of mountains to create more level farm land

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12

llama

the animal that provided the Incas with food, wool, and a way to transport men and goods

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13

plaza

a large open area surrounded by public buildings

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14

on the inside

where the Incas decorated their temples and palaces

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15

the ruling Inca when he visited

stayed at the palace in each Incan city

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16

from a source a mile away through a stone aqueduct

where Machu Picchu got its water

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17

ransom

a payment given in exchange for the release of someone held captive

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18

a civil war

event that happened just before the Spanish arrived and weakened the Incan army

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19

gods

the Incas thought the Spanish were these

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20

horse

animal that appeared in the new world for the first time thanks to the Spanish

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21

a lake

was once the site of Tenochtitlan and the modern-day Mexico City

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22

quipu

a word that is not from the Nahuatl language

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23

slaves

a social class made up of captives of war, criminals, or citizens that couldn't pay their debts.

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24

chicle

comes from the gum tree and is used in chewing gum

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25

fat

Aztecs had very little of this in their diets

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26

tortillas

what the Spanish called the Aztec cornmeal pancakes

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27

woven mats

where the Aztecs sat or slept in their houses

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28

canals

ditches filled with water that became the major streets of Tenochtitlan

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29

small pox

deadly disease brought by the Spanish for which the Aztecs had no resistance

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30

other native tribes

helped the Spanish defeat the Aztecs

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