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Gender equality

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72 Terms

1

Gender equality

The State recognizes the role of woman in nation -building and shall ensure the fundamentals equality before the law of women and men.

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2

Article 13 Section 14

"State shall protect working women by providing safe and healthful working conditions, taking into account their maternal functions, and such facilities and opportunities that will enhance their welfare and enable them to realize full potential in the service of the nation".

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3

Philippine Plan for Gender Responsive Development

This is the overall frame that is also the point of reference for the discussions and monitoring of gender mainstreaming.

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4

Gender and Development Budget

institutionalizing gender concerns in the mainstream development process and agenda and not just peripheral programs and projects of the government.

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5

Framework Plan For Women

Promoting women's economic empowerment; Advance and protect women human rights; And promote gender responsive governance.

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6

Local Government Code of 1991

Provides for the election of sectoral representation, including women, in local legislative councils.

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7

Party List Law

Provides for the creation of women-oriented or women-based parties to compete under the party-list system.

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8

Labor Code

facilities for women, prohibition of discrimination against women in respect to terms and conditions of employment, and prohibition

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9

Women in Nation Building Law. Republic Act 7192

an act promoting the integration of women as full and equal partners of men in development and nation-building.

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10

Republic Act 7688

An act giving representation to women in social security commission.

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11

Anti-Sexual Harassment Law. RA 7877

An act declaring sexual harassment to be unlawful in the employment, education, or training environment.

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12

Republic Act 7882

An act providing assistance to women engaging in micro and cottage business enterprises.

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13

Republic Act 8353

An act expanding the definition of the crime of rape reclassifying the same as crime against persons.

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14

Anti-Sexual Harassment Act of 1995

An Act declaring sexual harassment unlawful in the employment, education or training environment, and for other purposes. Republic Act 7877:

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15

SECTION 1. Title.

This Act shall be known as the "Anti-Sexual Harassment Act of 1995."

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16

SECTION 2. Declaration of Policy.

all forms of sexual harassment in the employment, education or training environment are hereby declared unlawful.

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17

SECTION 3.

Work, education or training-related sexual harassment is committed by an employer, employee, manager, supervisor, agent of the employer, teacher, instructor, professor, coach, trainor, or any other person who, having authority, influence or moral ascendancy over another in a work or training or education environment, demands, requests or otherwise requires any sexual favor from the other, regardless of whether the demand, request or requirement for submission is accepted by the object of said Act.

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18

Sexual orientation

An inherent or immutable enduring emotional, romantic or sexual attraction to other people.

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19

SECTION 4.

to prevent or deter the commission of acts of sexual harassment and to provide the procedures for the resolution, settlement or prosecution of acts of sexual harassment.

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20

SECTION 5.

such acts by the offended party and no immediate action is taken.

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21

Republic Act 9262 or Anti-VAWC

is a result of the strong advocacies on women's human rights in the country. The law was deemed to be a significant victory for all Filipino women as it was based on the right of women not to suffer abuse, discrimination, and violence in their respective relationships.

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22

physical, psychological, sexual, and economic

Four kinds of violence against women and children

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23

VAWC is a public crime

the crime is perpetrated not only against a single individual, but against the entire society, thus, anyone who has personal knowledge of the abuse, violence, or discrimination can file a complaint

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24

Protection orders can be issued against perpetrator upon filing the case, the victim

survivor or anyone who has personal knowledge can apply for a protection order to enforce distance between her and the perpetrator

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25

Stronger community mechanisms to respond to cases

formulate mechanism to respond to reported cases of VAWC immediately.

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26

Violent extremism

is a form of extremism that condones and enacts violence with ideological or deliberate intent, such as religious or political violence.

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27

Domestic extremism

refers to the activity of individuals or groups conducting criminal acts of direct action to further their protest campaign.

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28

Violent extremism

refers to the activity of individuals or groups conducting acts by any means to express views which justify or glorify violence.

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29

Radicalization

is the process where a vulnerable young person or adult changes their perception and beliefs due to exposure of an extremist influence

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30

Gender dysphoria

Clinically significant distress caused when a person's assigned birth gender is not the same as the one with which they identify.

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31

Gender role theory

emphasizes environmental conditions and the influence of socialization, or the process of transferring norms, values, beliefs, and behaviors to group members, in learning how to behave as a male or female.

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32

Nuclear Family

a family unit consisting of at most a father, mother and dependent children.

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33

Socialization

The process of learning one's culture and how to live within it.

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34

Division of labor

is the dividing and specializing of cooperative labor into specifically circumscribed tasks and roles.

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35

Family Religion Legal System Economic System Political System Media Knowledge System

Patriarchal Institutions

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36

Gender expression

characteristics typically associated with being either masculine or feminine.

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37

Transgender

people whose gender identity and/or expression is different from cultural expectations based on the sex they were assigned at birth.

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38

Gender and Development

Recognizing the unequal status of men and women and they have different development needs and interests.

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39

Gender and Development

This topic looks at socialization process and the factors that influence gender development in children.

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40

Patriarchy

It is the most powerful force in the world today, trumping other ideologies or political systems or religious beliefs.

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41

Gender Sensitivity

Ensure that people rely less on assumptions about traditional and outdated views on the roles of men and women.

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42

Gender Transition

Others undergo physical transitions in which they modify their bodies through medical interventions under this process.

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43

Gender Transition

People aims to align their belief of their gender toward their outward appearance.

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44

Gender Sensitivity

is the act of being sensitive to the ways people think about gender. tries to ensure that people rely less on assumptions about traditional and outdated views on the roles of men and women.

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45

Masculinity

A set of qualities, characteristics or roles generally considered typical of, or appropriate to, a man.

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46

RA 6725

Prohibition on Discrimination Against Women

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47

RA 7882

Assistance for small-scale women entrepreneurs

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48

RA 8505

Rape Victim Assistance and Protection Act of 1998

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49

Executive Order 273

states the approval and adoption of Philippine Plan for Gender-Responsive Development, 1995-2025.

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50

RA 9710

Magna Carta of Women

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51

RA 6949

National Women's Day - eight day of march every year

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52

RA 11210

The Expanded Maternity Leave Law extends the previous 60-day paid maternity leave to 105 days

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53

Gender roles

are based on the different expectations that individuals, groups, and societies

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54

CULTURE

It is the distinctive patterns of ideas, beliefs, and norms which characterize the way of life and relations of a society or group within a society

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55

Gender analysis

is a valuable descriptive and diagnostic tool for development planners and crucial to gender mainstreaming efforts.

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56

Gender discrimination

is unequal or disadvantageous treatment of an individual or group of individuals based on gender.

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57

Discrimination in Education

the unequal treatment in admission, financial aid, grading, classroom assignment, counseling, guidance, and/or academic programs and opportunities.

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58

Discrimination in employment

there are four major ways in which people are discriminated in the work place

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59

Hiring

biases regarding the work ethic of a gender.

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60

Pay and benefits

men generally receive higher pay and given more opportunities to grow career-wise.

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61

Promotions

at work, there is a phenomenon called glass ceiling, a metaphor used to describe an invisible but constantly present barrier that prevents women and members of the minority sector from rising beyond their level in a corporate hierarchy.

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62

Firing

being terminated from a job due to prejudices against one’s gender.

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63

Maternity and pregnancy discrimination

a pregnant female can’t get a job because she is pregnant while other got demoted or fired from work because of pregnancy and other related matters in connection with her pregnancy.

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64

Gender Equity

fairness to both men and women

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65

GENDER RELATIONS

These gender hierarchies are often accepted as “natural‟ but are socially determined relations,

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66

biological characteristics

generally defined human as female and male

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67

socially constructed

set of roles and responsibilities associated with being a girl and boy women and men

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68

Sex

is physical attributes pertaining to a person’s body contours, features, hormones, genes, chromosomes and reproductive organs.

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69

Sex role

A role which can be performed by only one of the sexes.

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70

Gender

Refers to the roles, behaviors, activities, attributes and opportunities that any society considers appropriate for girls and boys, and women and men

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71

Gender socialization

is the process through which children learn about the social expectations, attitudes and behaviors typically associated with boys and girls

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72

Gender identity

One's innermost concept of self as male, female, a blend of both or neither – how individuals perceive themselves and what they call themselves.

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