AP Vocab Test #3

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Metaphysical conceit

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51 Terms
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Metaphysical conceit

A startling or unusual metaphor reserved for metaphysical poems

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Metonym

A word that is used to stand for something else that has attributes of or associated with. For example, a herd of 50 cows could be called 50 head of cattle

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Nemesis

The protag's arch enemy or supreme and persistent difficulty. (Think Mario and Bowser)

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Neologism

Its literally coinage like idk. Coinage- A new word, usually one invented on the spot.

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Objectivity

treatment of subject matter that is an impersonal or outside view of events

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Omniscient Narrator

A third person narrator that can see into each character's thoughts and understands all the action. When limited, it only tells the reader the thoughts and actions of ONE character

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Onomatopoeia

Words that sound like what they mean. Ex. Boom, splat, bam, etc

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Opposition

A pair of elements that contrast sharply. A pairing of images where each becomes more striking and informative because of it being placed in contrast to the other.

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Oxymoron

A phrase composed of opposites. Ex: Dark light, bright black, calm frenzy, etc.

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Parable

An instructional story like a fable or allegory

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Paradox

A situation or statement that seems to contradict itself, but on closer inspection, it does not

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Parallelism

Repeated syntactical similarities used for effect

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Paraphrase

To restate phrases or statements in your own words, to re-phrase.

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Parenthetical Phrase

A phrase set off by commas the interrupts the flow of a sentence with some commentary or detail. Ex. Jack's three dogs, including that miserable little spaniel, were with him that day.

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Parody

A literary work that is the result when a specific work is exaggerated to ridiculousness.

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Pastoral

A poem set in a tranquil nature or a poem about shepherds.

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Pathos

When the writing tries to evoke feelings of dignified pity and sympathy

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Periodic sentence

A sentence that is not grammatically correct until it has reached the end

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Persona

Narrator in a non-first person novel. A shadow-author.

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Personification

When an inanimate object takes on human shape. Ex. The darkness of the forest became the figure of a beautiful, pale-skinned woman in night-black clothes

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Plaint

A poem or speech expressing sorrow

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Point of View

The perspective from which the action of a novel or narrative is presented. You have omniscient, limited omniscient, first person, camera-eye, and stream of consciousness

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Prelude

An introductory poem to a longer work of verse

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Protagonist

The main character of a work of literature

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Pun

The usually humorous use of a word in such a way to suggest two or more meanings

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Refrain

A line or set of lines repeated several times over the course of a poem

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Requiem

Song of prayer for the dead

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Rhapsody

An intensely passionate verse or section of verse, usually of love or praise

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Rhetorical Question

A question that suggests an answer. In theory, the effect is that it causes the listener to feel they have come up with the answer themself.

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Satire

Exposes common character flaws to the cold light of humor.

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Simile

A metaphor that usually uses like or as

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Soliloquy

A speech spoken by a character alone on stage. It's meant to give the impression that the audience is listening to the character's thoughts. Unlike an aside, this is not meant to imply that the actor acknowledges the audience's presence.

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Stanza

A group of lines roughly analogous in function in verse to the paragraph's function in prose

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Stock characters

Standard or clichéd character types: Jock, nerd, valley girl, etc.

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Stream of consciousness

Like first person pov but the author places the reader inside the main character's head and makes the reader privy to all of the character's thoughts as they scroll their head.

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Subjective

An emotional treatment of subject matter that uses an interior or personal view of events.

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Subjunctive mood

The set up to a hypothetical situation. Ex. If I were you, if she were rich, if he was smart.

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Suggest

To imply, infer, or indicate.

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Summary

A simple re-telling of what you have read. It's mechanical, superficial, and a step above paraphrase.

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Suspension of disbelief

The demand for an audience to accept the limitations of a literary work and apply your imagination. The acceptance on an audience's part of the plot in a story.

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Symbolism

A device in literature where an object represents an idea

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Syntax

The ordering and structuring of an author's words

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Technique

The tools and methods of an author.

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Theme

The main idea of the overall work; the central idea. It is the topic of discourse or discussion.

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Thesis

The main position of an argument. The central contention that will be supported.

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Tragic flaw

In a tragedy, this is the weakness of a character in a usually good individual that leads to their demise.

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Travesty

A grotesque parody

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Truism

A way-to-obvious truth

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Unreliable Narrator

A pov from a untrustworthy character. Usually are not in the right headspace, very young, or biased.

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Utopia

An idealized place. Imaginary communities where people are able to live in happiness, prosperity, and peace.

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Zeugma

The use of a word to modify two or more words, but used for different meanings. Ex. He closed the door and his heart on his lost love.

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