Unit 5 History Test

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Guerilla

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Tags and Description

58 Terms

1

Guerilla

Army that uses surprise attacks and sabotage

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2

Nationalism

An intense pride in one's homeland

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3

Self-determination

Idea that people who belong to a nation should have their own country

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4

Allies

The Triple Entente: France, Russia, and Great Britain

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5

Central Powers

The Triple Alliance: Germany, Austria-Hungary, Ottoman Empire, and Bulgaria

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6

Propaganda

Information designed to influence opinions

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7

U-boats

The German submarines

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8

Conscription

Forced military service

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9

War Industries Board

Coordinated the production of war materials

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10

Victory Gardens

Citizen gardens planted to save food for troops

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11

Committee on Public Information (CPI)

Tried to "sell" the war to American people

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12

Espionage

Spying to acquire secret government information

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13

No Man's Land

A barren landscape between two opposing trenches

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14

Convoy

Groups of ships escorted across the Atlantic Ocean

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15

Treaty of Brest-Litovsk

German-Russian treaty ending Russia's participation in WWI

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16

Armistice

A cease fire that ends war

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17

Fourteen Points

President Wilson's plan for the post-war world

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18

League of Nations

An organization set up to preserve peace and prevent future wars

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19

Treaty of Versailles

The terms of peace with Germany

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20

Reparations

War damage compensation paid to the allied nations

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21

General Strike

A strike involving workers living in a certain location

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22

Red Scare

A fear of communism spreading to the U.S.

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23

Deport

Expelling somebody from the country

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24

Pancho Villa

Mexican bandit who attacked Columbus, New Mexico

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25

Franz Ferdinand

Heir to the A-H throne, assassinated in Sarajevo

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26

John Pershing

Led an expedition to capture Villa, later led to the U.S. forces into WWI

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27

Woodrow Wilson

Served as president during WWI

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28

Harry Garfield

Introduced Daylight Savings Time to save energy during the war

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29

Doughboys

A nickname for American soldiers

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30

Bolsheviks

A group of communists fighting for control of Russia

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31

Vladimir Lenin

Leader of the Bolsheviks party

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32

David Lloyd George

British prime minster during WWI

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33

George Clemenceau

French premier during WWI

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34

Vittorio Orlando

Italian prime minister during WWI

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35

A. Mitchell Palmer

U.S. attorney general who was bombed by communists, led to raids on foreigners

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36

J. Edgar Hoover

Head of the FBI who attacked the communists

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37

Calvin Coolidge

Became president during the post-war years, return to normalcy

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38

4 causes of WWI

  1. Nationalism

  2. Imperialism

  3. Militarism

  4. Alliance System

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39

How did war begin in the Balkan region?

Franz Ferdinand was assassinated; the region was known as the "powder keg" of Europe

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40

What type of war was fought in WWI?

Trench warfare

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41

Zimmerman Note

A telegram from the German foreign minister to the German ambassador in Mexico, proposed an alliance

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42

4 new weapons used in WWI

  1. Machine gun

  2. Tank

  3. Poison gas

  4. Airplane

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43

How was propaganda used in WWI?

Used posters to advertise joining the army, saving food, having a role in the war somehow, etc.

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44

2 of Wilson's 14 points:

No secret treaties, less colonialism

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45

2 parts of the Treaty of Versailles:

Established 9 new nations, broke up the Ottoman empire and the Austria-Hungary empire

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46

Weaknesses of the Treaty of Versailles

The harsh treatment of Germany, humiliated Germans, and Germany would never be able to pay back $33 billion

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47

Italy: Ally, Central Power or Neutral?

Ally

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48

Spain: Ally, Central Power or Neutral?

Neutral

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49

Austria-Hungary: Ally, Central Power or Neutral?

Central Power

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50

United Kingdom: Ally, Central Power or Neutral?

Ally

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51

Russia: Ally, Central Power or Neutral?

Ally

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52

Mexico would've been given what from the proposed alliance with Germany?

Land/lost territory

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53

German war plan that called for the invasion of Belgium

Schlieffen Plan

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54

Great Migration

Movement of African-Americans to northern cities

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55

Battle of the Somme

Battle that totaled about 1 million casualties, leading about 7 miles

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56

From what nation was Gavrilo Princip, the duke who assassinated Franz Ferdinand, from?

Serbia

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57

Leading into WWI, what warship sank on May 7, 1915?

Lusitania

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58

Liberty Bonds

Allowed Americans to loan money to the government

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