Bible Test 2/22/23

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SUNDAY: TRIUMPHAL ENTRY

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SUNDAY: TRIUMPHAL ENTRY

  • Jesus travelled to Jerusalem for Passover

    • Luke 9: 51: “resolutely” – to fix or set one’s face toward a thing.

  • On March 29, AD 30 (or 33), Jesus enters Jerusalem (Matt 21: 1-11; Mark 11: 1-10; Luke 19: 29-44; John 12: 12-19)

  • Fulfilled prophecy from Zechariah 9:9

  • Crowds called out, “Hosanna”, which means “Save”.

  • Crowds proclaimed him the Son of David

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MONDAY: JESUS CLEANSES THE TEMPLE

  • March 30

  • Jesus curses a fig tree (Matt 21: 18-19; Mark 11: 12-14)

    • In the OT, a fig tree was often used to signify Israel

    • By cleansing the temple, Jesus is directly challenging the religious leaders.

      • This direct disrespect for authority seals the deal for them: Jesus must die.

        • “They looked for a way to arrest him, but they were afraid of the crowd because the people held that he was a prophet.”-Matt 21: 46

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TUESDAY: PARABLES AND PREDICTIONS

  • March 31

  • During this time, Jesus teaches and engages in more controversy at the temple.

  • He critiques the Pharisees, scribes, and Sadducees

    • Matt 23: 1-39; Mark 12: 38-40; Luke 20: 45-47

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WEDNESDAY: THE PLOT AGAINST JESUS

  • April 1

  • Sometimes called the “Silent Day”

  • The crowds are listening to him preach

  • The Sanhedrin (supreme council and tribunal of the Jews) plot to kill Jesus

    • Matthew 26: 3-5; Mark 14: 1-2; Luke 22: 1-2

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THURSDAY: PREPARATIONS FOR THE PASSOVER

  • April 2

  • Wednesday to Thursday nightfall would have been the time to prepare for the Passover meal.

  • Passover meal consisted of roasted lamb, bitter herbs, unleavened bread, fruit sauce, and four cups of wine.

  • Jesus states his time is at hand (Matthew 26: 18). The disciples thought he meant that it was time to overthrow the religious leaders and Roman overloads.

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Bread

His body, broken for us

Matthew 26: 20-29; Mark 14: 17-23; Luke 22: 14-30

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Wine

His blood poured out for the forgiveness of sins

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DURING THE PASSOVER/ The betrayer

  • Jesus states that one of the 12 will betray him (Luke 22:23).

  • “Is it I?”

  • “You have said so”.

  • Judas, shortly after, leaves the meal.

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DURING THE PASSOVER/Authority in Christ’s Kingdom

  • Disciples believe they are on the “winning” side (Luke 22: 24-30)

  • Jesus states authority in Christ’s Kingdom is the opposite of Gentile rulers

  • Greatest are the ones who serve.

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JESUS WASHES THE DISCIPLES’ FEET

  • It was customary for a servant to wash the feet of guests who came to the house to eat.

  • Jesus takes on the role of servant

  • What is servant leadership, and why is it important to us?

  • https://youtu.be/cyc4ET1iXwY

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THE HIGH PRIESTLY PRAYER (JOHN 17) The Father Gave the Son

Authority to give eternal life

People out of this world

Work to accomplish

Words

His name

Glory

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THE HIGH PRIESTLY PRAYER (CONT’D) The Son Gives Believers

Eternal life

The Father’s word

Manifestation of the Father’s name

Glory

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THE HIGH PRIESTLY PRAYER (CONT’D) The Son Asks the Father to

Glorify him

Keep believers in the Father’s name

Keep believers from the Evil One

Sanctify believers in the truth

Make believers one

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THE HIGH PRIESTLY PRAYER (CONT’D) Jesus’ Followers and the World

They are sent into the world

They are in the world

They are not of the world

The world has hated them

Their unity with each other and union with God may cause the world to believe the Father sent the Son

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IN THE GARDEN

  • Matthew 26: 36-46; Mark 14: 32-42; Luke 22: 40-46

  • Gethsemane – derived from a word meaning “oil press”; was located at the foot of the Mount of Olives

    • Jesus often met here with his disciples (John 18: 2)

    • • Mark 14: 36 – Jesus knows he is about to bear God’s judgment for sin as a substitutionary sacrifice for the sins of the world.

      • Substitutionary – sacrifices Himself in the place of condemned sinners to satisfy God’s holy and righteous judgments against sinners.

      • “cup” – God’s righteous wrath poured out on sinners

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FULL SUBMISSION TO THE WILL OF GOD

  • Cycle of prayer, disciples sleeping – 3x

  • Luke 22: 43 – God sent an angel to strengthen him

    • God will not leave us to suffer alone

    • Hematridrosis – a rare medical condition in which blood vessels burst under extreme anguish or physical stress and sweat mixes with blood.

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FRIDAY, APRIL 3RD

  • Matthew 26: 47-56; Mark 14: 43-52; Luke 22: 47-53; John 18: 2-12

  • “One of the Twelve” – betrayer

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THE JEWISH TRIAL OF JESUS (PHASE 1) - INFORMAL

  • John 18: 13-14, 19-24

  • Before Annas

  • Jesus is violently struck (John 18: 22)

  • Sends him to Caiaphas (son-in-law)

  • Peter and John are watching

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THE JEWISH TRIAL OF JESUS (PHASE 2) – MORE FORMAL

  • Matthew 26: 57, 59-68; Mark 14: 53, 55-56

  • “whole council” – most likely a quorum (23 members or more)

  • No charges can stick

  • Hurrying to convict him before the Passover pilgrims find out

  • Jesus responds with silence (Isaiah 53:7)

  • Jesus’ claim makes him guilty of blasphemy and makes him guilty of insurrection and treason (punishable by death)

  • Son of God (blasphemy) – Receive cosmic kingship (threat to the Roman emperor)

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THE JEWISH TRIAL OF JESUS (PHASE 3): THE FINAL VERDICT

  • Matthew 27: 1-2; Mark 15:1

  • After sunrise

  • Judas hangs himself (Matt 27: 3-10)

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THE ROMAN TRIAL OF JESUS (PHASE 1): PILATE

  • Matthew 27: 11-14; Mark 15: 2-5; Luke 23: 1-7; John 18 28-38

  • Pilate tells them to handle themselves, but the Jewish leaders push it back on Pilate.

  • Jews were horrified by crucifixion and viewed it as equivalent to hanging on a tree – a death indicating they were cursed by God (Deut 21:23)

  • Jewish leaders emphasize political charges

  • Pilate just needs to determine if he is a threat to Roman rule

  • He thinks Jesus is innocent, but the Jews are in an uproar. He tries to find a loophole. Jesus, being a Galilean, is under Herod Antipas’ jurisdiction. Let Herod deal with Jesus.

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THE ROMAN TRIAL OF JESUS (PHASE 2): HEROD ANTIPAS

  • Luke 23: 8-12

  • Herod wants to see a miracle. When Jesus won’t “perform” for him, he and his soldiers mock Jesus.

  • Finds Jesus innocent, and sends him back to Pilate.

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THE ROMAN TRIAL OF JESUS (PHASE 3): THE FINAL VERDICT

  • Matthew 27: 15-26; Mark 15: 6-15; Luke 23: 13-25; John 18: 38-19: 16

  • Not guilty (John 18:38)

    • Does not satisfy the Jews

    • Proposes a solution (Barabbas)

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Gospel

Good news

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Synoptic

To see together; to have the same view or outlook

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Source criticism

The quest to determine the literary relationships between the Gospels.

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Parable

A story used to teach a spiritual lesson

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What are the 5 synoptic gospels?

Matthew

Mark

Luke

John

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What are the four main schools of thought?

Augustinian

Two-Gospel

Markan Priority

Two-Document Hypothesis

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Augustinian?

Matthew (source material)

Mark

Luke

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Two-Gospel?

Matthew (source material)

Luke

Mark

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Markan Priority

Mark (source material)

Matthew

Luke

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Two-Document Hypothesis

Mark (source material)

Matthew & Q (source material)

Luke & Q (source material)

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The gospel of Matthew (author?)

Matthew

One of Jesus’ 12 disciples

Also called Levi

Name means, “Gift of Yahweh”

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The gospel of Matthew (Date/Audience?)

50’s or 60’s

Written for a jewish audience

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The gospel of Matthew (Purpose?)

To demonstrate that Jesus is the Messiah predicted in the OT

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The gospel of Matthew (Themes?)

Jesus is Immanuel

Jesus is Messiah

Jesus is the Savior of God’s people

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The Gospel of Mark (audience?)

John Mark

An interpreter of Peter

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The Gospel of Mark (Date/audience?)

Mid to late 50’s

Written for a Gentile audience

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The Gospel of Mark (Purpose?)

To provide an apologetic argument for the cross.

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The Gospel of Mark (Themes?)

Jesus is the authoritative miracle-working Son of God

The Kingdom of God

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The Gospel of Luke (Audience?)

Luke

A Gentile physician that was known and loved by Paul

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The Gospel of Luke (Date/ audience?)

58-60

Theophilus -

“friend or lover of God”

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The Gospel of Luke (Purpose?)

A defense of the Christian faith.

Useful for both evangelism and discipleship

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The Gospel of Luke (Themes?)

Jesus is Immanuel “God with us”

Jesus is the Messiah

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The Gospel of John ( Author?)

John

One of Jesus’ 12 disciples

The only disciple that was not martyred

Known as “the disciple whom Jesus loved”

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The Gospel of John (Date/ Audience?)

Mid or late 80’s or early 90’s

A universal audience in Ephesus

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The Gospel of John (Purpose?)

To demonstrate that Jesus is the Messiah

So that people would believe in Him and have eternal life

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The Gospel of John (Themes?)

Jesus is the Messiah

Jesus is God

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