Civics Chapter 3 Review

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40 Terms

1

True

The states attempted to get out of debt by taxing citizens and imports (True or False)

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2

ratify

give formal approval

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3

Treaty of Paris

a peace agreement to end Revolutionary War

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4

constitution

a detailed, written plan for government

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5

Ordinance of 1785

a law that provided for the survey and sale of western lands

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6

bicameral

divided into two parts or houses

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7

had law enforcement

All of the following were characteristics all state governments created during the 1770s and 1780s shared EXCEPT (had courts, had a governor, had a legislature, or had law enforcement)

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8

True

The Confederation Congress under the Articles of Confederation had the power to run the military and deal with foreign powers (True or False)

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9

no court system

The weaknesses of the Articles of Confederation were all of the following EXCEPT (no court system, no power to create laws, no power to regulate trade, or no power to levy taxes)

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10

from borrowing money to pay for the Revolutionary War

Why did the United States government have debt (from paying off Great Britain, from paying for an overextended federal government, from borrowing money to run, from borrowing money to pay for the Revolutionary War)

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11

Anti-federalists

supporters of strong state governments

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12

federalists

supporters of strong central government

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13

electoral college

a group of people who are chosen to select the president and vice president

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14

three fifths compromise

plan that decreed every five enslaved people would count as three free persons

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15

the great compromise

a plan that determined the two house structure of Congress

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16

rich white men

All of the following groups were NOT represented at the Constitutional convention except (African Americans, native Americans, rich white men, or rich white women)

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17

because of scandal and political unrest throwing away and rebuilding the basis of the US government would cause

Why was the Constitutional Convention closed to the public (Because they were doing something illegal, because of scandal and political unrest throwing away and rebuilding the basis of the US government would cause, because they could get in trouble with the king, or it was treason.)

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18

True

Small states were opposed to Virginia plan because it favored States with large populations (True or False)

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19

False

States with small populations opposed the New Jersey plan because it favored large states (True or False)

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20

True

Anti-federalist initially objected to the Constitution drafted during the Constitutional convention because it created no protections for individual freedoms (True or False)

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21

The Seven articles of the Constitution

The part of the Constitution that describes each branch of government

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22

The necessary and proper clause

Section of the Constitution give Congress implied powers

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23

Judicial branch

A part of the government that interprets and fairly applies the laws

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24

The preamble to the constitution

A section of the constitution that states the goals and purposes of the government

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25

Legislative branch

The US Congress

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26

To protect the property of Americans

All of the following are purposes of government described in the middle part of the preamble to the constitution (maintain peace and order, to guarantee the freedom and basic rights of all generations of Americans, protect the country from outside attacks, or to protect the property of Americans)

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27

True

Process to amending the Constitution is to propose an amendment through congressional action or national convention and then it must be ratified by three fourths of the states’ legislatures or by special state convention (True or False)

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28

interpret laws

All of the following are presidential powers and duties specified in the constitution except (command the armed forces, make treaties, make a state of the union address, or interpret laws)

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29

Chapters

All of the following are three main parts to the constitution except (the preamble, amendments, chapters, or articles)

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30

True

The Supreme Court of United States is the final authority to interpret the Constitution (True or False)

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31

Rule of Law

the principle that the law applies to everyone, even those who govern

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32

expressed powers

powers specifically granted to the federal government

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33

popular sovereignity

the notion that power lies with the people

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34

reserved powers

powers kept by the states

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35

checks and balances

the idea that each branch of government is able to limit the power of the others

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36

True

The power to tax is a concurrent power (True or False)

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37

choosing the president by Electoral College

All of the following are provisions of the Constitution which protect popular sovereignty EXCEPT (articles 1-3, choosing the president by the electoral college, scheduling regular elections, or representatives chosen by majority vote)

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38

establishes the federal government as supreme and the authority over the other levels

The Supremacy Clause is significant because it (establishes the state governments as directly responsible to the local governments, establishes the local government’s power as supreme, establishes the state governments as more powerful than the other levels, or establishes the federal government as supreme and the authority over the other levels)

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39

True

The separation of powers is important because it keeps any one piece of the government from taking over (True or False)

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40

True

The federal system of government means that the government is divided between judicial, legislative, and executive branches (True or False)

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