AP psych - consciousness

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Awareness

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45 Terms

1

Awareness

  1. sensory

  2. self -emotions -feelings

  3. Freud stuff

<ol><li><p>sensory</p></li><li><p>self -emotions -feelings</p></li><li><p>Freud stuff</p></li></ol>
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2

Altered States

-when asleep -> less aware of self -sleeping, dreaming, drug use, hypnosis

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3

Why sleep?

  1. it allows us to conserve energy, repair damage to the body, and store and organize information.

  2. rid waste - in the brain -> if not asleep, not able to "rid waste" -physical -mental

  3. immune system - sick; injured

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4

How? (much)

  1. Babies = 10-14 hours (maybe 20)

  2. Adults = 7-9 hours

  3. Sleep Debt - hard to get rid of

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5

Circadian Rythms

  1. 24 bio clock

  2. jet lag

  3. melatonin (hormone) - sun -> hypothalamus -> pineal gland

  4. manage what time we go to bed

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Sleep Stages

brain waves

  1. Stage 1 - alpha waves: neural activity decreases

  2. Stage 2 - sleep spindles: neural activity decreasing. Easily woken up.

  3. Stage 3 & 4 - "deep sleep" - delta waves : brain is least active. Feel worse after getting 8 hrs. of sleep.

  4. REM

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7

REM

  • "Paradoxical Sleep": Brain extremely active -> body is "locked down"; body doesn't move.

  • Dreaming

  • Rapid eye movement

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Cycles

20 minute nap = coffee; 6-8 hrs. of energy; Stage 1 & 2 90 minutes = more energy (boost); Awake -> REM Stage 3 & 4 - danger zone

  1. 3/4 -> REM; REM increases the longer you sleep

  2. REM Rebound - put body in REM earlier & stay in longer

  3. Most in stage 2

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Dreaming

Pons

  1. Evolution -threat perception

  2. Biological -long-term potentiation/info processing (memory consolidation) -Activation Synthesis

  3. Psychoanalytic (Freud) -unconscious: work through conflicts in a safe way through dreaming -manifest vs. latent content

  4. Psychodynamic (Carl Jung) -collective unconscious

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memory consolidation

rerunning routs in brain

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threat perception

fear, loneliness, embarrassment, etc.

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activation synthesis

random things in dream

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manifest content

story of the dream - part you remember

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latent content

hidden meaning of a fantasy or dream

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15

collective unconscious

cloud; google doc; Things are connected in a universal way. Things are the same to everybody

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where does dreaming occur in the brain?

pons

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how many sleep cycles does a person go through each night

5-6

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18

Sleep Disorders

  1. Insomnia & Depression

  2. Sleep Apnea

  3. Narcolepsy

  4. Somnambulism

  5. Night Terrors

  6. Sleep Paralysis

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Insomnia & Depression

can't sleep (SSRI, therapy, sleep hygiene)

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Sleep Apnea

stop breathing -> wake up (sent to stage 1-2) (snore) mask send oxygen to lungs (c - pap)

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Narcolepsy

random fall asleep midday (sleep attack) destruction of cells in hypothalamus simulant drugs

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Somnambulism

sleep walk / talk (stage 4)

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Night terrors

sleep screaming / crying

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Sleep Paralysis

REM; body on lockdown but you are aware; hallucinate

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Ambien & Lunesta

drugs that cause sleep walking and talking

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Hallucinogens

alter serotonin levels (happy)

  1. marijuana

  2. LSD/ACID

  3. Psilocybin/Shrooms

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marijuana

THC (paranoia)

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LSD/ACID

dunk paper in acid and let dry; consume

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Psilocybin / Shrooms

vomit (eat) Perception is altered

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Stimulants

dopamine, adrenaline -> give you boost

  1. Caffeine

  2. Nicotine

  3. Cocaine -> crack

  4. Amphetamines -> meth

  5. MDMA/Ecstasy

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Caffeine & Nicotine

increase heart conditions (cancer, heart attack, etc.)

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Cocaine

coca leaves; stimulant

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Amphetamines

Narcolepsy prescribed

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MDMA/Ecstasy

touch, handsy, lights and music look and sound different

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Depressants

GABA (increases) inhibitor heart rate/respiration slows

  1. Alcohol -slur speech -cerebellum -hippocampus (memory)

  2. Opiates (+endorphins) -morphine; heroine

  3. Barbiturate's/Benzodiazepines -Anti-anxiety -think less -Xanax

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Alcohol

Decrease frontal lobe activity & nervous system

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Addiction

  1. Tolerance

  2. Dependence

  3. Withdrawal

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Tolerance

how much/need to take

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dependence

don't feel right without it

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withdrawal

negative effects of not having it

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41

Relaxed but not awake

consciousness narrows

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42

suggestion

post hypnotic suggestion placebo effecting

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43

role playing

naturalistic (actor playing)

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Samesies

relaxed but not awake

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Biofeedback

measure heart rate/blood pressure

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