Chapter 16 Terms

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Skyscrapers

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US History

50 Terms

1

Skyscrapers

Tall buildings with many floors supported by light steel frames.

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2

Gustavus Swift

He invented the refrigerator.

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3

Realists

They tried to show the harsh side of life as it really was.

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4

James Naismith

Who invented basketball in 1891?

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5

Orville and Wilbur Wright

Invented a flying machine with a gasoline engine and eventually built the first plane.

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6

Christopher Sholes

He invented the typewriter.

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7

George Eastman

He invented a lightweight Kodak camera.

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8

Mark Twain

He was the most famous author of the late 1800's; wrote popular short stories.

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9

Strikebreakers

Replacements for striking workers.

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10

Henry Ford

He created the Assembly line in the automobile industry.

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11

Pull Factors

Conditions that attract immigrants to a new area.

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12

Collective bargaining

The right for unions to negotiate with management.

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13

Gauges

The width of railroad tracks.

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14

Civil Service Commission

Created exams for federal jobs. Except elected officials and military.

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15

Huckleberry Finn

A novel by Mark Twain that poked fun at serious issues.

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16

Assembly Line

Name the system where each worker stays in one place and does one specific task as products move along on a moving belt.

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17

Patronage

Giving jobs to followers is called?

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18

Pendleton Act

This act created the Civil Service Commission.

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19

Rebates

Discounted or reduced prices.

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20

Anarchists

People who oppose all forms of government.

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21

Cornelius Vanderbilt

He owned many railroad lines throughout the country.

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22

Gilded Age

The period from 1870-1890 is an era that got its name from a book by Mark Twain and Charles Warner.

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23

Jan Matzeliger

An African American who invented a device to make shoes.

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24

Spoils System

The practice of rewarding political supporters with government jobs.

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25

William Randolph Hearst

He started the New York Journal. Presented scandal, crimes and gossip in a way to gauge interest.

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26

Haymarket Riot

A bomb went off and killed 8 police officers.

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27

Free enterprise system

Businesses owned by private citizens.

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28

Gilded

Means coated with a thin layer of gold.

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29

Jane Addams

Leading figure in the settlement house movement in Chicago.

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30

Nativists

Sought to limit immigration and preserve the country for native-born white protestants.

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31

Elijah McCoy

African American who invented a device to oil machines.

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32

Consolidate

It means to combine.

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33

John D. Rockefeller

He rushed to Pennsylvania to drill for oil and to make oil refineries.

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34

J.P Morgan

The most powerful banker in the 1800's.

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35

Strike

A work stoppage caused by a mass group of employees who refuse to work.

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36

Mary Harris Jones (Mother Jones)

She devoted much of her adult life to the cause of workers, especially children.

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37

Sweatshop

A place where people worked long hours and in poor conditions for low pay.

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38

Salvation Army

A religious organization started in London and came to the U.S.; Offered food and clothing to the poor.

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39

Acculturation

The process of holding on to old traditions while adapting to new culture.

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40

Cyrus Fields

He put down telegraph cable across the Atlantic Ocean that made communication to other countries possible.

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41

Stock

A share in a company.

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42

Standard Oil Company

Name of the biggest oil company owned by Rockefeller.

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43

Pogroms

Organized attacks on Jewish villages.

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44

Bessemer Process

A new way of making stronger steel for cheap.

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45

Compulsory Education Laws

Required that children attend school.

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46

Building codes

Created standards for construction and safety.

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47

American Federation of Labor (AFL)

Started by Samuel Gompers, it was one big unions broken down into trade unions.

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48

Monopoly

Controlling all or nearly all the businesses of an industry.

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49

Sherman Antitrust Act

Banned the formation of trusts and monopolies.

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50

Push Factors

Conditions that drive people from their homes.

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