English 1 - Exam Vocab

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brigand

(n.) a bandit, robber, outlas, highwayman

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commandeer

(v.) to seize for military or official use

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usurp

(v.) to seize and hold a position by force or without right

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relinquish

(v.) to let go, give up

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maruader

(n.) a raider, plunderer

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surmount

(v.) to overcome, to rise above

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dissent

(v.) to disagree (n.) disagreement

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sully

(v.) to soil, stain, tarnish, defile, besmirch

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predispose (predisposition)

(v.) to incline to beforehand

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altercation

(n.) an angry argument

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admonish

(v.) to caution or advise against something; to scold mildly; to remind of a duty

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semblance

(n.) a likeness; an outward appearance; an apparition

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efface

(v.) to wipe out; to keep oneself from being noticed

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condone

(v.) to pardon or overlook

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breach

(n.) an opening, gap, rupture, rift; a violation or infraction

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salvage

(v.) to save from fire or shipwreck (n.) property thus saved

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adherent

(n.) a follower, supporter (adj.) attached, sticking to

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defend

(v.) to ward off attack from; guard against assault or injury

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fabricate

(v.) to make, manufacture; to make up, invent

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fodder

(n.) food for horses or cattle; raw material for a designated purpose

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deadlock

(n.) a standstill resulting from the opposition of two equal forces or fractions (v.) to bring to such a standstill

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dilemma

(n.) a difficult and perplexing situation or problem

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muddle

(v.) to make a mess of; muddle through; to get by (n.) a hopeless mess

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rift

(n.) a split, break, breach

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negligence

(n.) failure to take proper care in doing something

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opinionated

(adj.) stubborn and often unreasonable in holding to one's own ideas, having a closed mind

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cumbersome

(adj.) clumsy, hard to handle; slow-moving

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mediocre

(adj.) average, ordinary, undistinguished

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perennial

(adj.) lasting for a long time (n.) a plant that lives for many years

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obese

(adj.) very fat or overweight

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pilfer

(v.) to steal in small quantities

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terminate

(v.) to bring to an end

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exorcise

(v.) to drive out by magic; to dispose of something troublesome, menacing, or oppressive

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adjourn

(v.) to stop proceedings temporarily; move to another place

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feint

(n.) a deliberately deceptive movement; a pretense (v.) to make a deceptive movement; to make a pretense of

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alien

(n.) a citizen of another country (adj.) foreign, strange

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pauper

(n.) an extremely poor person

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pillage

(v.) to rob a (place) using violence, especially in wartime

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trite

(adj.) commonplace; overused, stale

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spurious

(adj.) not genuine, not true, not valid

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comely

(adj.) having a pleasing appearance

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unflinching

(adj.) firm, showing no signs of fear, not drawing back

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eminent

(adj.) famous, outstanding, distinguished, projecting

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erratic

(adj.) not regular or consistent; different from what is ordinarily expected; undependable

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circumspect

(adj.) careful, cautious

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dissolute

(adj.) loose in one's morals or behavior

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irate

(adj.) angry

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lucrative

(adj.) bringing in money; profitable

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cherubic

(adj.) resembling an angel portrayed as a little child with a beautiful, round, or chubby face; sweet and innocent

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terse

(adj.) brief and to the point

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illegible

(adj.) difficult or impossible to read

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jeer

(v.) to make fun of rudely or unkindly (n.) a rude remark of derision

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affluent

(adj.) having a great deal of money; wealthy

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diffuse

(v.) to spread or scatter freely or widely (adj.) wordy, long-

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clarity

(n.) the quality of being coherent and intelligible; the quality of transparency or purity

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tantalize

(v.) to tease; torment by teasing

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subjugate

(v.) to conquer by force, bring under complete control

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proliferate

(v.) to reproduce, increase, or spread rapidly

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expulsion

(n.) the process of driving or forcing out

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abridge

(v.) to make shorter

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debris

(n.) scattered fragments, wreckage

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compensate

(v.) to make up for; to repay for services

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prim

(adj.) overly neat, precise, proper, or formal; prudish

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arduous

(adj.) hard to do, requiring much effort

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posthumous

(adj.) occurring or published after death

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disentangle

(v.) to free from tangles or complications

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supplant

(v.) to take the place of, supersede

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atone

(v.) to make up for

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anarchy

(n.) a lack of government and law; confusion

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access

(n.) approach or admittance to places, persons, things; an increase (v.) to get at, obtain

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fated

(adj.) determined in advance by destiny or fortune

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auspicious

(adj.) favorable; fortunate

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impoverished

(adj.) poor, in a state of poverty; depleted

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intrepid

(adj.) very brave, fearless, unshakable

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inanimate

(adj.) not having life; without energy or spirit

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doleful

(adj.) sad; dreary

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reprimand

(v.) to scold; find fault with (n.) a rebuke

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morose

(adj.) having a gloomy or sullen manner; not friendly or sociable

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pliant

(adj.) bending readily; easily influenced

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stagnant

(adj.) not running or flowing; foul from standing still; inactive sluggish, dull

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opaque

(adj.) not letting light through; not clear or lucid; dense, stupid

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fortify

(v.) to strengthen, build up

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bogus

(adj.) false, counterfeit

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malign

(v.) to speak evil of, slander (n.) evil

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