MT631 UNIT 1&2

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Medical Technology


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Medical Technology

Clinical laboratory science/laboratory medicine

Anna Fagelson

Branch of medicine concerned with the performance of laboratory determinations and analyses used in the diagnosis and treatment of disease and the maintenance of health

Ruth Heinenmann

Application of the principles of natural, physical and biological sciences to aid in diagnosis and treatment

Republic Act No. 5527 The philippine medical technology act of 1969

; an auxiliary branch of laboratory medicine which deals with the examination of tissues, secretion, and excretion of the human body and body fluids by various electronic, chemical, microscopic, and other medical laboratory procedures or techniques either manual or automated which will aid the physician in the diagnosis, study and treatment of disease and in the promotion of health in general.

Dr. William Welch (1878)

Opened a teaching laboratory in America at Bellevue Medical College;

William Osler

Opened the first clinical laboratory at the Johns Hopkins Hospital.

James C. Todd (1908)

wrote Clinical Diagnosis: a Manual of Laboratory Methods

Mrs. Willa Hilgert Hedrick

Founder of Medical Technology Education in the Philippines

Philippine Union College of Baesa

First to offer B.S. Medical Technology in the Philippines


Philippine Association of Schools of Medical Technology and Public Health


Philippine Association of Medical Technologists

Clinical Laboratory

It is a facility that performs chemical and microscopic examinations of various body fluids

Role of medical techonologist

Observe, identify, analyze organisms and cells causing infection and disease

Ebers Papyrus

Oldest preserved egyptian compilation of medical texts.

Anton van Leeuwenhoek

made first simple microscope

Marcelo Malpighi

Founder of pathology

Rudolph Virchow

founder of cellular pathology

19th Century

Era of public health

John Snow

father of epidemiology; discovered that cholera was waterborne


head or director of the clinical laboratory

Medical Technologist

The person who has finished the four year course and has passed the licensure examination


This procedure uses slides with blood that undergoes smearing and staining to conduct a blood count.

Lavender Tubes

contains anticoagulant so blood does not clot

Red Tubes

does not not contain anticoagulant, blood that clots


medical practitioner who is regarded as the father of medicine; author of the Hippocratic oath


Oldest laboratory procedure

four humors in man

blood, phlegm, yellow bile, black bile

Hindu Physicians

recorded the sweet taste of diabetic urine as well as polyuria in diabetes

Vivian Herrick

identified kinds of worms Taenis and Ascaris

Jean Baptise van Helmont

Introduced the gravimetric analysis of urine using a number of 24-hour urine specimens

Frederick Dekkers

Presented a test for the detection of protein based on boiling of specimen in the presence of acetic acid

Louis Pasteur

Discovered the concept of aerobic and anaerobic bacteria

Aerobic bacteria

only grow and survive in the presence of oxygen

Anaerobic bacteria

does not require oxygen to survive

Hermann von Fehling

Performed the first quantitative test for urine sugar

Hans Christian Joachim Gram

Devised his method that used Crystal Violet (Gentian Violet) as the primary stain, an iodine solution as a mordant followed by treatment with ethanol as a decolorizer.

Paul Ehrlich

Used aniline water and gentian violet (a cationic dye) to stain cells, and the cell walls would appear purple after staining.

Pennsylvania State Legislature

Passed a law requiring all hospitals to be equipped with adequate laboratory in 1915

Denver Society of Clinical Pathologists

organized in 1921

American Board of Pathology

organized in 1936

World War I

produced a great demand for technicians and laboratories

University of Minnesota

One of the first schools to establish training for workers in 1922

World War II

“Closed System” of blood collection was adapted

Public Health Laboratory

first clinical laboratory, made in 1945 in Sta. Cruz Manila

October 1, 1945

Dr. Pio de Roda and Dr. Mariano Icasiano (1st City Health Officer of Manila) reopened the Public Health Laboratory as the Manila Public Health Laboratory under Dr. Roda’s leadership


Dr, Pio de Roda and Dr. Prudencia Sta. Ana together with Dr. Tirso Briones offered a six-month laboratory training with a formal syllabus

University of Santo Tomas

Dr. Antonio Gabriel & Dr. Gustavo Reyes started offering Medical Technology as an elective to 4th and 5th year pharmacy students before fully recognizing BSMT in June 14, 1961

Centro Escolar University

First batch graduated in 1962

Far Eastern University

First batch graduated in 1963