US History- Unit 3 Test Review

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Washington Sworn in

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44 Terms

1

Washington Sworn in

April 30 1789

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2

To raise federal funds they taxed

lux goods! whiskey!!!

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3

Whiskey Rebellion

Farmers in Pennsylvania, mad abt tax due to less profit. Washington sent 13,000 troops to face. Hamilton Advised while Jefferson concerned

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4

Democratic Republicans

Jefferson Led, supported the french revolution, agricultural economy, power at state, people can make informed decisions. Strict followers of constitution

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5

Federalists

Hamilton Led, people can't be trusted, only the best should run the government (wealthy+educated). Strong central gov. Business, trade, manufacturing. Loose construction of the constitution. Did not support french revolution

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6

Why did federalists not support the french revolution

They feared they would be killed like french nobles.

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7

Hamilton

Born into Caribbean, wrote + got scholarship to NY. Personal Assistant to Washington in War. Was an American

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8

Jefferson

Born wealthy, had slaves/ tobacco planter, entered Virginia politics by writing

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9

Alien Acts

Aimed at immigrants by lengthening time they had to wait to vote

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10

Sedition Acts

Made sedition (anything false/ negative about the government) a crime

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11

John Adams Presidency

Won by 3 votes, federalist, difficult time getting things done due to party violence

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12

12th Amendment

Votes cast separately for President and Vice President

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13

Election of 1800

Each Party put to candidates out for President and VP. Tie w/ Jefferson+ Burr ( Democratic-Republicans) Hamilton said pick Jefferson for Pres

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14
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15

Reasons for Louisiana Purchase Backlash

could be seen as unconstitutional/ hypocritical

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16

Manifest destiny

obvious fate

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17

Who explored LA territory

lewis + clark

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18

Indian Removal Act

Moving Indians to territories in OK. Jackson was praised for getting rid of "savages"

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19

Worchester v. Georgia

Cherokee @ Supreme Court- Act unconstitutional- Won- Jackson ignored

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20

Trail of Tears

1838- 4,000 out of 17,000 died, moving cherokees to territory

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21

McCollugh v. Maryland

Supreme court wrote supremacy clause saying state CANNOT nullify things by congress

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22

Andrew Jackson

Born poor, image of 'common man', owed presidential victory to expanded voter rights, democratic party (NOT democratic republican)

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23

Democratic Party

Agricultural supporters and states rights

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24

Kitchen Cabinet

Jackson met w/ friends and supporters in white house kitchen used them like an executive cabinet.

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25

Spoils System

rewarding supporters w/ jobs "to the victor comes the spoils of war"

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26

In 1828, congress passed tariffs that were believed to favor the

north

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27

what state talked of succession due to tariffs

South Carolina, Calhoun (VP) supported

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28

Industrialization

shift of making goods by hand to goods by machine

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29

Samuel Slater

UK to US, made first textile mill in RI, started US industrialization

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30

Eli Whitney

made cotton gin which led to need for more slaves/ cotton

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31

cotton gin cleaned

50lbs in time of 1 lbs

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32

factories replaced

craftspeople

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33

who had more innovations like railroads

north

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34

traditonal economy

making most goods you use

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35

market economy

buying most goods you use

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36

second great awakening

message of how Gods love + redemption is for all

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37

Dorthea Dix

Worked to reform prison and mental health system, got better treatment for mentally ill/ debtors

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38

Horacee Mann

equal education for all, free school in Massachusetts

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39

William Lloyd Garrison

wrote the liberator/ abolitionist

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40

Fredrick Douglas

abolitionist, wrote memoir of horrors of slavery

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41

Declaration of Sentiments

seneca falls convention, tyrannies of women against men. like declaration of independance

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42

Who were two big womens advocates

Susan B Anthony and Elizabeth Cady Stanton

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43

Charlotte Woodward

only women at seneca falls convention to vote

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44

who was the president during manifest destiny

james k polk

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