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John Adams

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John Adams

2nd President of the United States (1735-1826)

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Thomas Jefferson

3rd President of the United States and bought the Louisiana Territory

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John Marshall

Federalist Chief Justice who established the Court's power of judicial review

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Marbury v. Madison

Established judicial review

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Judicial Review

The power of the courts to declare laws unconstitutional

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Louisiana Purchase

territory in western United States purchased from France in 1803 for $15 million

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Meriweather Lewis

former army captain who led the expedition into the Louisiana Territory

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William Clark

co-leader of the Lewis and Clark expedition

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Lewis and Clark Expedition

an expedition led by Meriwether Lewis and William Clark that began in 1804 to explore the Louisiana Purchase

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Sacagawea

Shoshone woman who assisted the Lewis and Clark expedition

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Zebulon Pike

Leader of a southern expedition in the Louisiana Territory

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USS Constitution

a large warship

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Impressment

British practice of taking American sailors and forcing them into military service

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Embargo

an official ban on trade or other commercial activity with a particular country.

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Embargo Act

An 1807 law that imposed a total ban on foreign trade

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Nonintercourse Act

Allowed Americans to carry on trade with all nations except Britain and France.

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Tecumseh

a famous chief of the Shawnee who tried to unite Indian tribes against the increasing white settlement (1768-1813)

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Battle of Tippecanoe

U.S. forces defeated Tecumseh and his followers

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War Hawks

young members of Congress who took the lead in calling for war against Britain

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James Madison

4th President

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Oliver Hazard Perry

Commodore who defeated the British at the Battle of Lake Erie in the War of 1812.

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Andrew Jackson

7th president of the US; successfully defended New Orleans from the British in 1815; expanded the power of the presidency

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Treaty of Fort Jackson

the treaty that forced the Creek nation to give up millions of acres of their land

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Battle of New Orleans

The U.S achieved its greatest land victory of the War of 1812

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Hartford Convention

A declaration calling the Federal Government to protect New England and to supply financial aid to New England

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Treaty of Ghent

Treaty that ended the War of 1812 and maintained prewar conditions

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Who did Jefferson buy the Louisiana Territory from?

Napoleon in 1803 (France)

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Why did Jefferson buy the Louisiana Territory?

He wanted New Orleans but got an offer for The Louisiana Territory

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What were the 3 goals for the Lewis and Clark Expedition

map the new land, find new people, animals, and plants, and to find a sea route from the Pacific

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What constitutional precedent did Marbury v. Madison

Set up Judicial Review

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Why is the power of judicial review important?

It gave the Supreme Court the power to declare an act of Congress unconstitutional, which strengthened the judicial branch's power.

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Why was New Orleans and the Mississippi River important

They imported and exported goods and were major transportation route.

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What were the things that lead to the War of 1812?

Impressment of American sailors, interference with American shipping, and British military and to Native Americans

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What were the major effects of the Treaty of Ghent?

It ended the War of 1812, other counties respected the U.S, Native American resistance weakened

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Who did the English get to help the fight the Americans?

The Native Americans

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