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1

Conductor

A material that allows electrons to pass freely from atom to atom. Metals are examples of this.

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2

Insulator

A material that does not allow electrons to pass freely through it. Examples are glass, wood, plastic, and rubber.

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3

Circuit

A complete pathway for charges to flow

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4

Series

A circuit with only one path for electrons to take.

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5

Parallel

A circuit with multiple paths for electrons to take.

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6

Opposition

When two negative or two positive terminals of a battery are touching. Batteries cancel each other out. No electrons flow from batteries.

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7

Short Circuit

An unwanted, low resistance connection between two points in a circuit where nothing is being powered. Results in excess heat being released.

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8

Current Electricity

Electricity that is able to flow continuously.

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9

Resistance

How hard it is for the electrons to flow through the circuit.

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10

Amperage

The number of electrons flowing past a given point in a second.

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11

Voltage

The amount of force pushing an electric current.

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12

Path of Least Resistance

When there are multiple paths for electrons to take they will flow on the easiest path.

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13

Cell

A battery

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