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A material that allows electrons to pass freely from atom to atom. Metals are examples of this.
A material that does not allow electrons to pass freely through it. Examples are glass, wood, plastic, and rubber.
A complete pathway for charges to flow
A circuit with only one path for electrons to take.
A circuit with multiple paths for electrons to take.
When two negative or two positive terminals of a battery are touching. Batteries cancel each other out. No electrons flow from batteries.
An unwanted, low resistance connection between two points in a circuit where nothing is being powered. Results in excess heat being released.
Electricity that is able to flow continuously.
How hard it is for the electrons to flow through the circuit.
The number of electrons flowing past a given point in a second.
The amount of force pushing an electric current.
Path of Least Resistance
When there are multiple paths for electrons to take they will flow on the easiest path.