Ch. 1 Health screening and risk assessment

studied byStudied by 35 People
5.0(2)
get a hint
hint

Why would a health questionnaire be useful?

1/22

Tags & Description

Studying Progress

New cards
22
Still learning
0
Almost done
0
Mastered
0
22 Terms
New cards

Why would a health questionnaire be useful?

Questionnaires help to collect data and create a basis for clients prior physical activity history

New cards
New cards

Preliminary Health screening forms

Informed consent Par-Q Medical History Questionnaire Lifestyle evaluation Exercise pre participation health screening form

New cards
New cards

Preliminary minimum health screening

Administer Par-Q+ Detects presence/suggestion of disease Assesses likelihood of an unexpected cardiovascular problem from PA Evaluates exercise pattern the past 3 months Identifies signs and symptoms of key disease classifications Figures out if we need medical clearance

New cards
New cards

informed consent

"Contract" made with client Requires signature from client or client's parent/guardian May become legal document

New cards
New cards

What does an informed consent form describe

Procedures Risks Benefits Confidentiality Voluntary Participation

New cards
New cards

Par-Q+

Seven yes/no health questions Yes answers require follow up questions Yes answers to follow up questions require medical professional help

New cards
New cards

Eparmed-X+

May be completed individually or with exercise professional Results determine clearance to participate or suggestions while waiting for medical clearance

New cards
New cards

Medical History Questionnaire

Helps understand personal and family medical histories Identifies previous diagnoses and symptoms of diseases within the past year Determines need for medical clearance Identifies contraindications of exercise testing

New cards
New cards

Contraindications

Reasons why one shouldn't exercise

New cards
New cards

Absolute contraindications

No exercise at all "ABSOLUTELY not"

New cards
New cards

Relative contraindications

Red flag or grey area, proceed with caution when moving into PA

New cards
New cards

What to look for on medical history questionnaires

Clients history of illness, surgery, and hospitalization Identifies signs and symptoms of disease or previous diagnosis Notes family history of CHD risk factors Drugs that might affect exercise capacity (medications that control heart rate) Contraindications to exercise testing

New cards
New cards

Lifestyle evaluation

Clients living habits Daily behavior patterns Barriers to physical activity

New cards
New cards

Lifestyle barriers

Smoking Drinking Nutrition Occupation Sleeping patterns PA enjoyment Family Stress levels Travel

New cards
New cards

Modifiable Coronary risk factors

Cigarette smoking Hypertension Diabetes Dyslipidemia Obesity Sedentary lifestyle

New cards
New cards

Unchangeable coronary risk factors

Age Family history

New cards
New cards

Disease risk classification

Low: Asymptomatic and
New cards
New cards

Who should take a medical exam before starting an exercise program?

Men >45 Y or women >55 Y Anyone with >2 risk factors Anyone with symptoms of disease Anyone with known disease

New cards
New cards

Disease risk classification

Based on current exercise habits and signs of 3 diseases

  • Cardiovascular

  • Renal

  • Metabolic

New cards
New cards

New guidelines of disease risk classification

Individuals current level of structured physical activity Any known disease The presence of major signs or symptoms suggest of cv, metabolic, or renal diseases The desired exercise intensity

New cards
New cards

Steps to evaluate client for PA

  1. Current exercise (3 months)

  2. Known disease

  3. Signs and symptoms

  4. Exercise intensity

New cards
New cards

Signs and symptoms

Pain/discomfort in the chest, neck, jaw, arms, or other areas that may result from ischemia Shortness of breath at rest or with mild exertion Dizziness or syncope Orthopnea (difficulty breathing while lying down) Ankle edema Palpations or tachycardia Intermittent claudication (pain in legs) Known heart murmur Unusual fatigue or shortness of breath with usual activities (walking, going up stairs, etc.)

New cards