Tissues- Chapter 2.3

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major types of tissue epithelial, connective, muscular, nervous functions of epithelial tissue protection, secretion, , absorption, filtration, excretion, senses simple one layer squamous flat cells stratified multiple layers cuboidal cube shaped columnar column shaped simple squamous shape single layer of flat cells simple squamous function diffusion and filtration simple squamous location found in air sac of the lungs simple cuboidal shape single layer of cube shaped cells simple cuboidal function secretion and absorption simple cubiodal location kidney tubules, surface of ovaries simple columnar shape single layer of long cells, have goblet cells and microvilli simple columnar function secretion and absorption simple columnar location digestive tract and uterus goblet cells secrete mucus microvilli projections that increase the cell's surface area stratified squamous shape several layers, flat stratified squamous function protection stratified squamous location lines body cavities; skin and mouth what happens when the dermis pulls away from epidermis blisters form collagen and elastin connective tissue pseudostratified columnar shape single layer with nuclei at various levels, can have goblet cells and cilia pseudostratified columnar function secretion and cilia-aided movement pseudostratified columnar location linings of respiratory passages, tubes of reproductive system transitional epithelium shape thick, layered cuboidal cells transitional epithelium function stretchable tissue, forms barrier to block diffusion transitional epithelium location urinary bladder glandular epithelium cells that are specialized to produce and secrete substances, makes up the body's glands connective tissue most abundant tissue in your body, binds structures together connective tissue function provides support, prtoection, framework, fills space, stores fat, produces blood cells, fights infection connective tissue composed of scattered cells within a matrix, a ground substance and fibers common types of connective tissue cells mast cells, macrophages, fibroblasts main types of fibers collagenous and elastic collagenous fibers strong, flexible, not very elastic, found in bones, ligaments elastic fibers not as strong, very elastic, found in ears, vocal areolar tissue (loose connective tissue) binds skin to underlying organs, forms thin membranes throughout body adipose tissue (fat) protective cushion, insulation to preserve body heat, stores energy fibrous connective tissue thick collagenous fibers and fine network of elastic fibers

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major types of tissue epithelial, connective, muscular, nervous functions of epithelial tissue protection, secretion, , absorption, filtration, excretion, senses simple one layer squamous flat cells stratified multiple layers cuboidal cube shaped columnar column shaped simple squamous shape single layer of flat cells simple squamous function diffusion and filtration simple squamous location found in air sac of the lungs simple cuboidal shape single layer of cube shaped cells simple cuboidal function secretion and absorption simple cubiodal location kidney tubules, surface of ovaries simple columnar shape single layer of long cells, have goblet cells and microvilli simple columnar function secretion and absorption simple columnar location digestive tract and uterus goblet cells secrete mucus microvilli projections that increase the cell's surface area stratified squamous shape several layers, flat stratified squamous function protection stratified squamous location lines body cavities; skin and mouth what happens when the dermis pulls away from epidermis blisters form collagen and elastin connective tissue pseudostratified columnar shape single layer with nuclei at various levels, can have goblet cells and cilia pseudostratified columnar function secretion and cilia-aided movement pseudostratified columnar location linings of respiratory passages, tubes of reproductive system transitional epithelium shape thick, layered cuboidal cells transitional epithelium function stretchable tissue, forms barrier to block diffusion transitional epithelium location urinary bladder glandular epithelium cells that are specialized to produce and secrete substances, makes up the body's glands connective tissue most abundant tissue in your body, binds structures together connective tissue function provides support, prtoection, framework, fills space, stores fat, produces blood cells, fights infection connective tissue composed of scattered cells within a matrix, a ground substance and fibers common types of connective tissue cells mast cells, macrophages, fibroblasts main types of fibers collagenous and elastic collagenous fibers strong, flexible, not very elastic, found in bones, ligaments elastic fibers not as strong, very elastic, found in ears, vocal areolar tissue (loose connective tissue) binds skin to underlying organs, forms thin membranes throughout body adipose tissue (fat) protective cushion, insulation to preserve body heat, stores energy fibrous connective tissue thick collagenous fibers and fine network of elastic fibers

few cells, poor blood supply, thus slow healing cartilage all cartilage cells are called chondrocytes hyaline cartilage covers ends of joints, padding elastic cartilage external ear, larynx fibrocartilage tough, shock absorbing, located between vertebrae bone tissue osseus tissue, rigid due to mineral salts blood tissue circulates throughout the body muscle tissue skeletal, cardiac, smooth skeletal tissue striated and voluntary smooth tissue hollow organs, involuntary cardiac tissue wall of the heart nerve tissue found in the brain, spinal cord, and nerves neurons transmit impulses neuroglia protection and support

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major types of tissue

epithelial, connective, muscular, nervous

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functions of epithelial tissue

protection, secretion, , absorption, filtration, excretion, senses

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simple

one layer

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squamous

flat cells

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stratified

multiple layers

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cuboidal

cube shaped

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columnar

column shaped

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simple squamous shape

single layer of flat cells

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simple squamous function

diffusion and filtration

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simple squamous location

found in air sac of the lungs

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simple cuboidal shape

single layer of cube shaped cells

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simple cuboidal function

secretion and absorption

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simple cubiodal location

kidney tubules, surface of ovaries

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simple columnar shape

single layer of long cells, have goblet cells and microvilli

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simple columnar function

secretion and absorption

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simple columnar location

digestive tract and uterus

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goblet cells

secrete mucus

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microvilli

projections that increase the cell's surface area

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stratified squamous shape

several layers, flat

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stratified squamous function

protection

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stratified squamous location

lines body cavities; skin and mouth

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what happens when the dermis pulls away from epidermis

blisters form

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collagen and elastin

connective tissue

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pseudostratified columnar shape

single layer with nuclei at various levels, can have goblet cells and cilia

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pseudostratified columnar function

secretion and cilia-aided movement

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pseudostratified columnar location

linings of respiratory passages, tubes of reproductive system

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transitional epithelium shape

thick, layered cuboidal cells

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transitional epithelium function

stretchable tissue, forms barrier to block diffusion

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transitional epithelium location

urinary bladder

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glandular epithelium

cells that are specialized to produce and secrete substances, makes up the body's glands

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connective tissue

most abundant tissue in your body, binds structures together

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connective tissue function

provides support, prtoection, framework, fills space, stores fat, produces blood cells, fights infection

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connective tissue composed of

scattered cells within a matrix, a ground substance and fibers

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common types of connective tissue cells

mast cells, macrophages, fibroblasts

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main types of fibers

collagenous and elastic

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collagenous fibers

strong, flexible, not very elastic, found in bones, ligaments

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elastic fibers

not as strong, very elastic, found in ears, vocal

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areolar tissue (loose connective tissue)

binds skin to underlying organs, forms thin membranes throughout body

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adipose tissue (fat)

protective cushion, insulation to preserve body heat, stores energy

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fibrous connective tissue

thick collagenous fibers and fine network of elastic fibers- few cells, poor blood supply, thus slow healing

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cartilage

all cartilage cells are called chondrocytes

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hyaline cartilage

covers ends of joints, padding

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elastic cartilage

external ear, larynx

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fibrocartilage

tough, shock absorbing, located between vertebrae

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bone tissue

osseus tissue, rigid due to mineral salts

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blood tissue

circulates throughout the body

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muscle tissue

skeletal, cardiac, smooth

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skeletal tissue

striated and voluntary

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smooth tissue

hollow organs, involuntary

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cardiac tissue

wall of the heart

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nerve tissue

found in the brain, spinal cord, and nerves

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neurons

transmit impulses

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neuroglia

protection and support

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