The ULTIMATE EVERYTHING HISTORY STAAR REVIEW!

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US History

A complete summary of everything you need to know ace the STAAR for this 222-23 School Year! Update: I got a 93 after using this but make sure to take LOTS of practice test and not solely rely on this!

450 Terms

1

Unit 1

coming to america, establishing the colonies, and bringing our traditions with us. Reasons for exploration Gold glory god. New England: Cold Rocky soil, Middle: Grain Farming South: Cash Crops and Slavery. Self Gov, Fundamental orders of Connecticut, Mayflower Compact, Virginia House of Burgesses

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2

Unit 2

Now we’ve grown apart feeling taken advantage of through taxes and acts; becoming our own country. Declaration of Independence: unalienable rights and consent of the governed. Lexington and Concord, Saratoga, Yorktown, Treaty of Paris

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3

Unit 3

First Government was weak, we made a new one with a constitution what can be changed. Northwest Ordinance, Federalists (non-political): Constitution Anti-feds: Bill of Rights Executive, Judicial, and Legislative Branches First Amendment RAPPS (Religion, Assembly, Press, Petition, Speech)

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4

Unit 4

First presidents, first political parties, first struggles as a new nation. Federalists (Political party): Alexander Hamilton and Banks Democratic-Republicans: Thomas Jefferson and Farmers Marbury vs Madison-Judicial Review Impressment of sailors Monroe Doctrine

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5

Unit 5

New technology to change business and new reformers to change society. Free-Enterprise Industrialization Urbanization Inventors and Inventions below Reform movements and Reformers below

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6

Unit 6

Jackson changed government for the common man, and Manifest Destiny got us all the land. Reasons for Manifest Destiny Nullification Crisis Mexican-American War Worcester VS Georgia Immigration groups: Irish, Chinese, and Germans

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7

Unit 7

Sectionalism, state's rights, slavery, and secession. Compromise of 1850/Fugitive Slave Law North V South: North industry, South cotton Fort Sumter Gettysburg and Vicksburg Surrender at Appomattox Courthouse

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8

Unit 8

Change our constitution to end slavery, make African-Americans citizens, and expand the right to vote. 13th- Free 14th- Citizens 15th- Vote Sharecropping Freedmen's Bureau

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9

What was the first successful colony?

Jamestown

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10

What were the reasons for colonization?

Gold, glory, god

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11

What was the House of Burgesses?

The first successful representative government in the colonies

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12

Africa traded ______ to North America who traded ______ to Britain who traded _______ to Africa

Slaves, raw materials, manufactured goods

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13

What was the Mayflower Contract?

An agreement to form a government

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14

What is the middle colonies nicknamed?

The bread basket

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15

Physical characteristics of middle colonies

Grain Farming

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16

Spain came for:

silver and soldiers

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17

France came for:

fur

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18

England came for:

enterprise

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19

New England colonies is known for their

religious groups

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20

Southern colonies is known for their

cash crops

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21

Middle colonies is known for being

very diverse

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22

Puritans

Come from Mass. and are slightly crazy

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23

New England colonies:

Maine, New Hampshire, Rhode Island, Connecticut

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24

Middle Colonies:

Pennsylvania, New Jersey, New York, and Delaware

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25

Southern Colonies:

Maryland, Virginia, North Carolina, South Carolina, and Georgia

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26

What was an accomplishment of the Northwest Ordinance?

It prohibited slavery

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27

What led to Shay’s Rebellion?

Weak central gov, no money or power to tax, no national court/judicial system, no military, amd border and tariff disputes

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28

What does the ring finger represent?

No money or power to tax

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29

What does the middle finger represent?

No national court

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30

What does the pointer finger represent?

Border and tariff disputes

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31

What does the thumb represent?

No military

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32

Who was against the ratification of the constitution?

Anti-Feds

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33

Who wanted a strong national government?

Feds

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34

Who wanted more power to states and individuals?

Anti-feds

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35

Who wanted a Bill of rights?

Anti-feds

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36

Who were some of the anti-feds?

Sam Adams, George Mason, and Patrick Henry

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37

What did the new constitution (the one after the AOC) do about slavery?

3/5ths compromise and ended slave trade

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38

What did the new constitution do economically?

It let them collect taxes and regulate trade

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39

What is the goal of mercantilism?

System of power and money; maximize exports, minimize imports

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40

What was New York mainly used for in the late 1600s?

It was a trading hub for commerce

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41

What were the navigation acts?

An act that restricted colonial trade placed by England.

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42

What was the Albany Plan of Union?

The first attempt of colonists trying to work together to form a government to fight the French.

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43

What was the French and Indian war?

Over weather France or England gets the new colonial land/Ohio river.

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44

Who won the French and Indian war and what was the aftermath?

The British won and debt doubled and England has 2x the empire

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45

What did the Proclamation Line of 1763 do?

Limited westward expansion in the colonies

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46

What were the sugar acts?

The first of many acts that placed a tax on goods to pay off debt form the French and Indian war.

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47

What was the Quartering Act?

British made colonists pay for the housing (quarters) of soldiers.

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48

What was the Town shed acts?

A tax on certain imported goods placed by Britain.

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49

What was the Tea Act?

Parliament repealed the Town shed acts but kept the tax on tea to make British tea cheaper than American tea.

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50

What happened during the first Continental congress?

The writing of the Declaration of American Rights (nothing changed though)

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51

What was the Battle of Lexington?

The Battle that started the American Revolution

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52

Why was the loss at bunker Hill still important?

It boosted confidence showing the British weren’t invincible.

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53

What was the Olive Branch petition?

A peace treaty to Britain but they didn’t care

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54

What did Thomas Paine’s Common Sense do?

Convinced others to join the Patriots.

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55

What did the 1st section to the Declaration of Independence state?

It said all men were equal and have the right for life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness.

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56

What did the 2nd section to the Declaration of Independence state?

It stated how King George abused his power.

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57

What did the 3rd section to the Declaration of Independence state?

It declared the US as an Independent nation.

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58

What was the turning point of the revolution?

The Battle of Trenton- showed improvement

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59

What happened at the Battle of Saratoga?

The French joined our side and gave navy troops and supplies.

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60

What battle did the British surrender?

The Battle of Yorktown

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61

What happened as a result of the Treaty of Paris?

English finally saw us as the United States and gave up claims to the Ohio River

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62

Why was the south put into districts

So they could be monitored by union army

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63

What was the Freedman’s Beareau

A organization that gave freedman basic needs such as food, clothing, shelter, legal advice, schooling

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64

Why was Andrew Johnson president?

Lincoln got assassination and he was the only southern senator who stayed loyal to the union

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65

What did the south have to do to join the US?

Pledge loyalty, ratify the 13th amendment, pay their own debt, and say sorry for seceding.

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66

Why was Johnson impeached?

Republicans though he was too lenient to the ex-confeds

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67

What did Johnson do to the slaves?

Vetoed all laws that gave freedman more protection

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68

What did the 13th amendment do?

Outlawed slavery

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69

What did the 14th amendment do?

Citizenship to those born or immigrated, equal protection under the law

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70

What did the 15th amendment do?

All adult men have the right to vote

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71

Who was Hiram Revels?

First African-American to serve in US senate

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72

What did the 13th and 14th amendment actually do?

Freedmen got taken advantage of making them get stuck in debt (sharecropping), freedman can’t have certain jobs and have rules

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73

What did the 15th amendment actually do?

KKK stopped them from voting by scaring them and they were given poll taxes, literacy tests, and grandfather clause which denied the write to vote

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74

Why did lincoln not punish the south?

He thought it would only slow down the healing process

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75

Who were the radical republicans?

A group of Republican representative who wanted to harshly punish the south

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76

What was the main purpose of the Freedmen's Bureau?

To help African Americans adjust to life after slavery

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77

What is the last point LEADING to the war?

Battle of Ft. Sumpter

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78

What were some of the key differences between the north and south?

The north was more industrial, urban, trading, more cities, and was anti-slavery

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79

What was the underground railroad?

A network of safe stops escaped slaves could follow to the north

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80

What did Uncle Tom’s Cabin do?

Opened up northerners eyes to the truth about slavery

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81

What did the Kansas-Nebraska act do?

It created territories of Kansas and Nebraska where slavery would be decided by popular sovereignty

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82

What was bleeding Kansas?

Mini civil war over weather or not there should be slavery in Kansas; lots of causalities

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83

What was the beating of Senator Summer?

Congressman Brooks almost beating Senator Summer to death after Summer gave a passionate speech about South’s shameful defense of slavery

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84

What was the Dred Scott case?

Dred Scott says he should be free because he lived in a free state

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85

What was the supreme courts desition in the Dred Scott case?

Once a slave always a slave; African Americans are not citizens and counted as property

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86

By 1860, what is the main problem in the country?

Slavery

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87

What makes the republican party?

Anti-whigs and free soilers

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88

What is the pro-slavery party?

Democrats

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89

Who wins the election of 1860

Lincoln

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90

Who is the first to seceed?

South Carolina

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91

What was Lincolns first inaugural speech basically saying?

He wanted the country to stay together no matter what

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92

What states follow into secession as well?

Mississippi, Florida, Alabama, Georgia, Louisiana, Texas

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93

Why did Texas secced?

They left the union to “secure their rights“

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94

What advantages does the North have over the South in the war?

More free citizens, industry, seas, natural reasorces

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95

What advantages does the South have over the North in the war?

Food production, trained officers, high morale

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96

What disadvantages does the South have over the North in the Civil war?

Less people, low manufacturing, less ships

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97

What disavantages does the North have over the South in the war?

Bad with offense, lacked military trained officers

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98

What was the first battle after the war started?

Battle of bull run

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99

What unit was 1865

Unit 7 - think of the Surrender

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100

What was the second battle of the Civil war?

The seven days battles

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