Chapter 29- Fungi

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Conidia

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24 Terms

1

Conidia

________ can be dispersed by water or wind currents and grow into new hyphae when conditions are right.

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2

Fungi

________ produce reproductive cells called spores by sexual or asexual reproduction that are resistant to drying.

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3

AMF

________ are also called endomycorrhizal fungi, because they grow inside root cell walls.

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4

Fungicides

________ are substances at can kill fungi or slow their growth.

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5

Dikaryotic

________ " (two- kernel) "occurs when their cells are divided by septa, and each cell contains two nuclei, one from each mating type.

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6

Endophytes

________ " (inside- plants) "are organisms that live between and within plant cells.

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7

Yeasts

________ reproduce when daughter cells pinch off from the parent cell after mitosis.

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8

name αrbuscular

The ________ " (little- tree) "was inspired by the bushy, highly branched hyphae that form between the cell walls and the plasma membrane of root cells.

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9

Zygosporangia

________- Cells from yoked hyphae fuse to form a distinctive spore- producing structure called a(n) ________.

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10

Asci

________- Cups, morels, and some other types of fungi form specialized sac- like cells called ________.

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11

Basidia

________- Mushrooms, brackets, and puffballs form specialized club- shaped cells at the ends of hyphae called ________.

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12

filaments

The ________ making up a mycelium are called hyphae.

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13

Extracellular digestion

________ is a digestion that takes place outside the organism.

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14

distinct nuclei

When genetically ________ from the two different mating types exist within a single mycelium, it is considered heterokaryotic.

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15

fusion of nuclei

The ________ is called karyogamy.

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16

atmospheric C02

The fixation of carbon by land plants- meaning that carbon in ________ is reduced to form sugar, which is then used to synthesize cellulose, lignin, and other complex organic compounds in the bodies of plants.

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17

Fungi

________ that make their living by digesting dead plant material are called saprophytes.

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18

Fungi

________ and land plants often have a symbiotic " (together- living) "relationship.

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19

Fungi

________ that live in close association with plant roots are said to be mycorrhizal.

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20

Fungi

________ are a large and diverse group of organisms.

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21

Fungi

________ are critical to the productivity of forests, croplands, and rangelands.

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22

Zygosporangia

Cells from yoked hyphae fuse to form a distinctive spore-producing structure called a zygosporangium

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23

Basidia

Mushrooms, brackets, and puffballs form specialized club-shaped cells at the ends of hyphae called basidia

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24

Asci

Cups, morels, and some other types of fungi form specialized sac-like cells called asci

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