Earth Systems Quiz

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this sphere is the Earth’s core, mantle, crust:

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1

this sphere is the Earth’s core, mantle, crust:

geosphere

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2

humans affect the geosphere by:

construction, mines, agriculture

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3

this sphere is all the water in the Earth:

hydrosphere

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4

humans affect the hydrosphere by:

water pollution, dams, irrigation, climate change

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5

this sphere is the part of the planet where animals live:

biosphere

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6

humans affect the biosphere by:

climate change, deforestation, forest fires, fossil fuels

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7

this sphere is the gaseous mixture that surrounds Earth’s surface:

atmosphere

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8

this sphere is the frozen water on Earth’s surface:

cryosphere

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9

this kind of renewable energy comes from living things:

biomass

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10

this kind of renewable energy comes from the Sun’s radiation:

solar

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11

this kind of energy comes from the wind’s kinetic energy:

wind

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12

this kind of energy harnesses the potential energy of water in dams:

hydroelectric

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13

this kind of energy comes from the ocean’s tides:

tidal

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14

using wood for fire is an example of which energy?

biomass

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15

solar panels are an example of which energy:

solar

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16

wind turbines are an example of which energy:

wind

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17

dams are an example of which energy:

hydroelectric

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18

this kind of energy comes from the Earth’s inside:

geothermal

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19

tidal dams are an example of which energy:

tidal

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20

These natural resources cannot be replenished in a human lifetime:

nonrenewable resources

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21

These natural resources can be replenished easily:

renewable resources

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22

nonrenewable resources include:

fossil fuels, metals, soil

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23

renewable resources include:

biomass, solar, wind

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24

these are created from charged particles from the Sun colliding:

northern lights

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25

this is the trapping of heat by greenhouse gases:

the greenhouse effect

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26

a natural greenhouse gas:

CO2

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27

man-made greenhouse gases:

CFCs

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28

these rocks form from sediment:

sedimentary

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29

these rocks form from temperature and pressure changes:

metamorphic

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30

these rocks form from cooled lava:

igneous

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31

what are the three biogeochemical cycles we discussed in class?

carbon, phosphorus, nitrogen

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32

these three elements flow through the nitrogen cycle:

nitrate, urea, ammonia

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33

this is defined as the increase in temperature with depth in the Earth:

geothermal gradient

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34

list some benefits of renewable energy:

less greenhouse gas emissions, less global warming, prevents pollution, improved public health, reliability

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35

A layer in the Earth’s atmosphere that shields the Earth’s surface from the Sun’s UV radiation:

ozone layer

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