Unit 1- Early European Colonization and Formation of the 13 Colonies

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What was the Roanoke Colony known as? What were the characteristics/ main things to know?

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What was the Roanoke Colony known as? What were the characteristics/ main things to know?

Lost colony. *Sir Walter Raleigh- Paid for the Colony *John White- Governor *Virginia Dare- First English person born in the Americas *Tree-CROATOAN

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In what year what was the Spanish Armada defeated?

1588

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What was Jamestown known as?

Oldest permanent English settlement

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Who invented tobacco?

John Rolfe

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Leader of the Jamestown colony?

John Smith

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What group put money towards the Jamestown Colony for profit?

Virginia Company of London Joint-Stock

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What was the Virginia House of Burgesses?

It was a representative assembly

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What was Plymouth?

First Massachusetts settlement

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What were the group of Puritans called that went to Plymouth?

Separatists

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Who was the leader of the Plymouth settlement?

William Bradford

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Who was the leader of the Massachusetts Bay Colony

John Winthrop

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What were the main things to know about the Rhode Island colony?

*Roger Williams and Anne Hutchinson were thrown out of MASS. Bay and came here *Baptist Beginnings came from here

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Who was the minister for the New Hampshire colony

Wheelwright

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Who was the minister of the Connecticut colony?

Hooker

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What was the name of the first constitution made in the Connecticut colony?

Fundamental Order

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Was Maryland Catholic or Protestant?

It was a Catholic Haven

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What were the main things to know about the Maryland Colony?

*It was an economic settlement *The act of toleration was made in this colony *The Chesapeake region included this colony which was Virginia and Maryland-agriculture

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Who was New York (Previously New Amsterdam) occupied by?

Dutch

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Who was the leader of Amsterdam?

Peter Stuyvesant

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Who bought New Amsterdam from the Dutch

The Duke of York; he did this peacefully and renamed New Amsterdam to New York

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Who was the leader of the Pennsylvania colony

Penn; Penn was also a quaker

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What was Philadelphia known was?

"The city of Brotherly Love."

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What were the main things to know about Delaware?

*It came from the splitting of Pennsylvania *Lord de la Warr

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What was the last colony and in what year was it established?

Georgia; 1733

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Who founded the Georgia colony?

Oglethorpe

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What was the Pequot War?

a war between the english settlers and the pequot tribe. The Narraganset fought with the English and John MASON was the leader,

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What was the New England Confederation?

They had no power and colonies joined against the Native Americans

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Which colonies were the Southern Colonies?

*Georgia (Savannah) *South Carolina (Charles Town) *North Carolina (Wilmington) *Virginia (Jamestown) *Maryland (Baltimore)

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Which colonies were the Middle Colonies

*Pennsylvania (Philadelphia) *New York (Albany) *New Jersey (Trenton) *Deleware (Wilmington)

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Which were the New England colonies?

*Connecticut (Hartford) *Massachusetts (Boston + Plymouth) *New Hampshire (Portsmouth) *Massachusetts (Maine)

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What was Beringia?

A land bridge that the Native Americans crossed to get to Alaska

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What were the characteristics of early settlements?

*Hierarchy's *Different religion *Different language

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What was the oldest civilization in the Americas? What were the main things to know about them?

Olmecs *Had calendars and various art

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Who were the Mayans?

*Lived on the Yucatan Peninsula *Had extensive irrigation systems and had many cities

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Who were the Aztecs?

*Capital city: Tenochtitlan *Lived in Mexico *Very organized; had a government that taxed people *Eventually got conquered by Cortez

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Who were the Incas?

*Lived in Cuzco, Peru *Lived in the mountains because it was hot *Had extensive road systems and were silver miners *Eventually conquered by Pizarro

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Who were the "mound builders" in North America?

Adena, Hopewell, and Mississippians

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Which tribes were in the Southwestern United States?

Anasazi and Hohokam

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Who was Bartolomeu Dias?

*A PORTUGUESE explorer *Went to the Cape of Good Hope

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Who was Vasco de Gama?

*A PORTUGUESE explorer *Made it to India

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Who started the African Slave Trade? Where did they transport the Africans through?

The Portuguese started the African Slave Trade and brought them through the Middle Passage

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Who was Colombus?

*A Spanish explorer *Went to the Bahamas

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What was the Treaty of Tordesillas?

*Divided hemispheres between Spain and Portugal *Spain got everything to the West *Portugal got everything to the East

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What was the Columbian Exchange?

The global transfer of foods, plants, and animals across the Atlantic Ocean

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Who was Vasco Balboa?

*SPANISH explorer *First European to see the Pacific *Claimed the Pacific for Spain

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Who was Ferdinand Magellan?

*SPANISH explorer *First to circumnavigate the world

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Who was Ponce de Leon?

*SPANISH explorer *Explored Florida

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Who was Hernando Cortez?

*SPANISH conquistador *Conquered the Aztecs

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Who was Malinche?

Was a translator for Cortez

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Who was Francisco Pizarro?

*SPANISH conquistador *Conquered the Incas

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Who was Hernando de Soto?

*SPANISH explorer *Explored the Mississippi river region

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Who was Coronado?

*SPANISH explorer *Explored the US Southwest and saw the Grand Canyon

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What was the encomienda system?

a system in which the Spanish had the right to demand labor from Native Americans. The Native Americans would get food and clothing in return

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What was the asiento system?

The Spanish would bring Africans as slaves to the New World

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What was the oldest settlement in America?

St. Augustine

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Who was Cartier?

*FRENCH explorer *Discovered the St. Lawrence river

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Who was Champlain?

*FRENCH explorer *Founded Quebec *Developed fur trade with the Huron Indians

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Who was La Salle?

First to go to the Mouth of the Mississippi River on the Gulf of Mexico

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Who were l'berville and Bienville

They colonized Mobile and New Orleans

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What was King Philips War?

War between the English and the Native Americans *Was done in an attempt for the English to stop taking Native land *English won because of their guns *IN MASSACHUSETTS

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What was Bacon's Rebellion and what caused it?

Bacon's Rebellion happened because the Royal Governor, Governor Berkeley, as people wanted protection from the Native Americans. IN VIRGINIA

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What were corporate colonies?

Colonies that were operated by joint-stock companies

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What were Royal colonies?

A colony controlled directly by the English king

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what were propietary colonies

Maryland and Pennsylvania; were under the authority of individual charters of ownership by the king

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