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Culture

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56 Terms

1

Culture

the body of customary beliefs, material traits, and social forms that together constitute the distinct tradition of a group of people

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2

Culture trait

The specific customs that are part of the everyday life of a particular culture, such as language, religion, ethnicity, social institutions, and aspects of popular culture.

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3

Folk/indigenous culture

Culture traditionally practiced by a small, homogeneous, rural group living in relative isolation from other groups.

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4

Popular culture

Culture found in a large, heterogeneous society that shares certain habits despite differences in other personal characteristics.

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5

Architecture

The look of housing, affected by the availability of materials, the environment the house is in, and the popular culture at the time

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6

Cultural relativism

Not judging a culture to our own standards of what is right or wrong, strange or normal

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7

Ethnocentrist

Belief in the superiority of one's own ethnic group

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8

Cultural landscape

An approach to geography that emphasizes the relationship among social and physical phenomena in a particular study area.

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9

Linguistic

Pertaining to language

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10

Sequent occupance

The notion that successive societies leave their cultural imprints on a place, each contributing to the cumulative cultural landscape

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11

Traditional architecture

Traditional building style of different cultures, religions and places

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12

Postmodern architecture

Design buildings that are visually pleasing to human beings and provide modern humans with a link to their past.

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13

Ethnicity

Identity with a group of people who share the cultural traditions of a particular homeland or hearth.

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14

Gender

The difference between men and women

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15

Ethnic enclave

A place with a high concentration of an ethic group that is distinct from those in the surrounding area.

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16

Indigenous community

Communities that live within, or are attached to, geographically distinct traditional habitats or ancestral territories, and who identify themselves as being part of a distinct cultural group

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17

Sense of place

The meanings of and the attachment to a place held by an individual or a community

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18

Placemaking

the process of creating quality places that people want to live, work, play, and learn in

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19

Centripetal force

A culture value that tends to unify people

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20

Centrifugal force

A cultural value that tends to pull people apart

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21

Relocation diffusion

The spread of a feature or tend through bodily movement of people from one place to another

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22

Expansion diffusion

The spread of a feature or trend among people from one area to another in an additive process

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23

Contagious diffusion

The rapid, widespread diffusion of a feature or trend throughout a population

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24

Hierarchical diffusion

The spread of a feature or trend from one key person or node of authority or power to other persons or places

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25

Stimulus diffusion

The spread of an underlying principle

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26

Creolization

The process of native language creation by mixing two or more languages

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27

Lingua franca

A language mutually understood and commonly used in trade by people who have different native languages

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28

Colonialism

An attempt by one country to establish settlements and to impose its political, economic, and cultural principles in another territory

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29

Imperialism

A policy of extending a country's power and influence through diplomacy or military force

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30

Urbanization

An increase in the percentage of the number of people living in urban settlements

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31

Globalization

Actions or processes that involve the entire world and result in making something worldwide in scope

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32

Time-space convergence

The decline in travel time between geographical locations as a result of transportation, communication, and related technological and social innovations

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33

Cultural convergence

The tendency for cultures to become more alike as they increasingly share technology and organizational structures in a modern world united by improved transportation and communication

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34

Cultural divergence

The likelihood or tendency for cultures to become increasingly dissimilar with the passage of time.

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35

Language Family

A collection of languages related to each other through a common ancestor long before recorded history.

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36

Language dialect

Variations of the same language used by groups of people from specific geographic areas, social groups, or ethnic backgrounds

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37

Cultural hearth

a center where cultures developed and from which ideas and traditions spread outward

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38

Indo-European language family

The language family that includes all European languages (which are widely spoken in Europe, the Americas, Africa, and Australasia) and Indian and Iranian

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39

Universalizing religion

A religion that attempts to appeal to all people, not just those living in a particular place

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40

Christianity

A monotheistic system of beliefs and practices based on the Old Testament and the teachings of Jesus as embodied in the New Testament and emphasizing the role of Jesus as savior.

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41

Islam

A religion based on the teachings of the prophet Mohammed which stresses belief in one god (Allah), Paradise and Hell, and a body of law written in the Quran. Followers are called Muslims.

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42

Buddhism

A religion based on the teachings of the Buddha.

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43

Sikhism

A monotheistic religion founded in Punjab in the 15th century by Guru Nanak.

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44

Ethnic religion

A religion with a relatively concentrated spatial distribution whose principles are likely to be based on the physical characteristics of the particular location in which its adherents are concentrated.

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45

Hinduism

A religion and philosophy developed in ancient India, characterized by a belief in reincarnation and a supreme being who takes many forms

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46

Judaism

the monotheistic religion of the Jews

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47

Acculturation

The process of changes in culture that result from the meeting of two groups, each of which retains distinct cultural features

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48

Assimilation

The process by which a group's cultural features are altered to resemble those of another group

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49

Syncretism

The combining of elements of two groups into a new cultural feature

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50

Multiculturalism

The view that cultures, races, and ethnicities, particularly those of minority groups, deserve special acknowledgment of their differences within a dominant political culture.

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51

Official language

Used by the government of a country for laws, reports, signs , public objects, etc.

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52

Language group

A collection of languages that share a more recent past with similar vocabularies and some overlap.

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53

Dialects

Variations in accent, grammar usage, and spelling

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54

Creole language

When two languages combine and develop into a new language with native speakers.

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55

Pidgin language

An extremely simplified language used by two people that speak two languages.

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56

Language branch

A collection of languages that share a common origin from thousands of years ago-separated from other languages in their family.

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