Cellular Respiration-bio

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58 Terms

1

breathing

exchanging CO2 produced during cell respiration for O2

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2

cellular respiration

uses CO2 to get energy from glucose and produces O2

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3

cellular respiration

the stepwise biochemical process that exchanges energy from food in cells to create ATP

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4

all organisms

who does cellular respiration

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5

aerobic

cellular respiration that uses O2

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6

anaerobic

cellular respiration that does not use O2

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7

cytoplasm to mitochondria

where does aerobic start and finish _____ to _____

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8

cytoplasm

where does anaerobic respiration happen

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9

bonds in glucose to ATP

cellular respiration is exergonic meaning it transfer energy from ____ to _____

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10

36-38

how many ATP does each glucose molecules produce in aerobic

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11

glucose + oxygen = carbon dioxide + water + energy

cellular respiration equation

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12

aerobic

which is more efficient anaerobic or aerobic

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13

bacteria and protists

anaerobic is usually used by _______ and _______

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14

exercise

anaerobic is unlikely but could happen in humans especially during _______

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15

H atom

an atom that is one electron and one proton

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16

oxidation

loss of hydrogens (or electrons)

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17

reduction

gain of hydrogens (or electrons)

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18

reduction

in cellular respiration the oxygen goes through _____ (only in notes once; this allows the O2 to be converted to H2O)

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19

oxidation

in cellular respiration the glucose goes through ______(only in notes once; this allows the glucose to be converted to CO2)

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20

CO2

in cellular respiration, the glucose is ultimately converted to (use letter name)

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21

H2O

in cellular respiration, the oxygen is ultimately converted to (use letter name)

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22

enzymes

are needed in cellular respiration to oxidize glucose and other foods

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23

dehydrogenase

enzyme that removes hydrogen from an organic molecule is called

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24

NAD+

dehydrogenase requires a coenzyme called ____ to shuffle electrons

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25

nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide

NAD+ full name

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26

NADH2

the transfer of electrons to NAD+ creates

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27

ATP

used to store energy by forming bonds between the phosphate group

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28

Adenosine Triphosphate

ATP full name

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29

removed

energy is released when phosphate groups are

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30

phosphate ion

(only in notes once) P(i)=

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31

ATP = ADP + P(i) = AMP + P(i)

(only in notes once) ATP equation thing ___ = ___ + ___ = ___ + ___

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32

di

ADP the d stands for (kind of)

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33

tri

ATP the t stands for (kind of)

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34

mono

AMP the m stands for (kind of)

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35

glycolysis

the step of aerobic respiration that breaks glucose apart

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36

glycolysis

the first step of aerobic respiration

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37

Kreb’s/ Critic Acid Cycle

the step of aerobic respiration that releases CO2 and produces NADH/FADH2

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38

Kreb’s/ Critic Acid Cycle

the second step of aerobic respiration

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39

Electron Transport System

the step of aerobic respiration that makes most of the ATP

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40

cytoplasm

glycolysis occurs in the _______

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41

pyruvate

in glycolysis glycose is split into two 3 carbon molecules called

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42

acetyl CoA

before kreb’s cycle can take place the pyruvate is converted into

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43

fermentation

anaerobic respiration can also be called

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44

4

anaerobic respiration makes about _ ATP

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45

autotrops

_____ obtain carbon and energy from non-living sources (sunlight) they then use these to make complex energy rich organic compounds

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46

blue

shorter wavelength is _____ light (looking for color)

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47

red

longer wavelength is _____ light (looking for color)

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48

pigments

______ are molecules that absorb light waves

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49

chlorphyll a

the most common type of pigment used in photosynthesis is __________ _

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50

chloroplasts

chlorophyll is stored in (which organelle)

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51

green

chlorophyll reflect light in which color region (not a trick question)

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52

thylakoids

the tiny cell thingy stacked to make up the granum (also where chlorophyll is found in the chloroplast)

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53

granum

stack of thylakoids

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54

stroma

the free type area around the granums in a chloroplast (cytoplasms getto sister)

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55

6CO2 + 6H20 = C6H12O6 + 6O2

super annoying equation to photosynthesis (with numbers and letters) (exclude light energy)

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56

light dependent reactions

the step of photosynthesis that splits water and releases O2 and produces ATP

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57

calvin cycle

the stage of photosynthesis where sugar is formed from CO2 using ATP and NADPH

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58

C6H12O6 + 6O2 = 6CO2 + 6H20

cellular respiration equation with letters and numbers (you can exclude ATP)

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