Bible Arch. and Geo. Test 2

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1

cisterns

the invention of these allowed people to settle far from springs

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2

Shiloh

where the Ark of the Covenant resided for most of the time

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3

Judges

book of the Bible that first mentions the Philistines

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4

Caphtor/Crete

origin of the PhilistinesM

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5

Merneptah Stele

contains the earliest known reference to Israel outside of the Bible

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6

Ugarit

provides first genuine extrabiblical information about Canaanite religious ideas and practices

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7

Ugarit

contains a story similar to Job

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8

Ugarit psalms

provide a rich literary backcloth to the psalms

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9

Judges and beginning of monarchy

period in which the largest number of household altars have been found in Israel

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10

horned altars

altars with horn-like projections on each corner

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11

Gath, Gaza, Ashkelon, Ashdod, Ekron

Five cities of the Philistine Confederation

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12

metallurgists

The Philistines were depicted by the Bible as expert ___________________________.

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13

11th

century in which the Philistines reached peak power

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14

battle by championship

common method of battle for the Philistines

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15

sling

David's weapon to kill Goliath, which was common at the time

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16

only two central pillars as sole support of roof

main difference between the Philistine Temple and Canaanite and Solomon's Temples, which would help clarify the story of Samson "bringing down the house"

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17

lyrics found in royal tombs of Ur

discovery that proves royalty in Ancient Near East enjoyed being entertained by court musicians

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18

rebellion/freedom from a royal overlord

what cutting off the hem of Saul's garment was equal to

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19

commemorating victories

practice of pagan kings that Israel did not follow

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20

Hebron

capital where David reigned for 7 years

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21

Ishbosheth

reigned over Israel while David reigned over Judah

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22

Jerusalem

David's new capital upon the death of Ishbosheth

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23

control of trade routes

main source of income for King Solomon

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24

Temple, palace

Solomon's two great building projects

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25

lumber, gold, workmen, ships and sailors

what King Hiriam provided Solomon with

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26

continuous occupation, competing religious claims, political unrest

three reasons many areas have not been excavated

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27

Dan Stele

proves the existence of David by referring to Damascus' victory over the house of David

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28

founding of Carthage

important event in history that historians link the construction of the Temple in Jerusalem to

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29

long-room style with door on short side

style in which Solomon built his Temple

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30

Ain Dara

Temple with storage areas on three sides and two pillars at the entrance like the Temple of Solomon

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31

Hazor, Megiddo, Gezer

Solomon's fortifications at the strategic cities

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32

beside Eloth, on the shore of the Red Sea, in the land of Edom

location of Ezion-Geber

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33

Gezer Calendar

paleo-Hebrew script containing sequence of normal agricultural events for the area

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34

Gezer Calendar

helped to date developments in the Hebrew language and scripts

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35

ashlars

another name for high-quality beveled rocks

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36

Dan and Bethel

where Jeroboam built worships centers to keep his people from returning to Jerusalem for worship

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37

85

number of settlements Shishak conquered

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38

Rehoboam

paid large sums of tribute to Shishak to spare Jerusalem

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39

Arameans of Damascus

who the northern kingdom of Israel had frequent battles with

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40

Ramoth Gilead

where at least 18 battles between Isreal and the Arameans occurred

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41

Ahab

provided the most hcariots in the Battle of Qarpar

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42

Jehu

king showed bowing before the Assyrian King Shalmaneser III

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43

Jeroboam II

king during which the peak of Israelite expansion and prosperity reached its peak

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44

722 B.C.

Samaria fell to the Assyrians under the leadership of Shalmaneser V

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45

Jeroboam

built the largest monumental city gate in Dan ever found in Palestine

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46

Moabite Stone

reveals Omri conquered Moab and restored it to the control of Israel

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47

Rehoboam

king during the time in which Shishak came up against Jerusalem and took the treasures of the Lord's house away

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48

fire, rain, oil and corn, river

four motifs of Elijah and Elisha

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49

Assurnasirpal

marked the beginning of Assyria's policy of cruelty

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50

Ahab

given credit for fielding the second largest army and over half the chariots in the coalition against Assyria

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51

Babylonian King List

confirms the use of the name "Pul" for Tiglath-Pileser in 1 Kings 15:19

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52

Pul

name used for Tiglath-Pileser in 1 Kings 15:19

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53

Ashur

chief god of Assyria

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54

Menahem

first king of the Northern Kingdom to play tribute to Tiglath-Pileser III

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55

Ahaz

king who appealed to Tiglath-Pileser III for help, incurring the wrath of the prophet Isaiah

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56

Hezekiah

king who initiated religious reforms and built a water tunnel to direct water from the Gihon spring to a pool inside the city

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57

Gihon spring

spring King Hezekiah built a tunnel to divert to another pool inside the city

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58

Sennacherib's invasion of Judah in 70 B.C.

one of the best documented events in the ancient world

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59

597 B.C.

Nebuchadnezzar invades Judah, deporting more than 10,000 Judeans and King Jehoichin

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60

10,000 Judeans, King Jehoichin

those carried away in Nebuchadnezzar's 597 B.C. invasion of Judah

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61

Hezekiah

best documented biblical figure from the period of the divided monarchy

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62

Siloam

pool into which Hezekiah redirected the Gihon Spring to prepare for an attack from Sennacherib

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63

False

True/False: Sennacherib destroyed all of the fortified cities of Judah, including Jerusalem

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64

Lachish

portrayals of Sennacherib's destruction of this Judean city depicted on the walls of his royal palace in Nineveh

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65

Sennacherib

Assyrian king well-known for his atrocities

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66

houses that were broken down

Hezekiah built a new wall quickly in front of the old wall from ____________________________.

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67

True

True/False: Even though he only reigned three months, the Jews in exile still viewed Jehoiachin as their legitimate monarch.

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68

Yaukin

a name used in Nebuchadnezzar's lists of ration allowances scholars have agreed refers to Jehoiachin

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69

establishing an accurate chronology of kings

this proved difficult for many years until Edwin R. Thiele published his study on the chronology of kings

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70

Edwin R. Thiele

published a study on the chronology of kings

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71

accession, nonaccession

two ways of numbering a king's reign

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72

accession

method of numbering a king's reign in which a king is given credit for the year in which he died with the next king's reign beginning the following year

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73

nonaccession

method of numbering a king's reign in which the king is given credit for the year in which he dies, while the successor counts that same year as the start of his own reign

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74

his own

the chronological system a scribe would use when referencing events in other countries

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75

Samaria

capital of the Kingdom of Israel

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76

Omri

king responsible for Samaria's construction

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77

Samaria

only major city in Palestine known to have been founded by Israelites

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78

Jerusalem

more idols discovered in this city than anywhere else in the whole country

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79

Ketef-Hinnom (Aaronic Benediction)

oldest known copy of Biblical text

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80

Sargon

king's existence that was questioned because it was absent from the list of Assyrian kings in the Khorsabad Kings list

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81

Sargon

king we know more about than any other Assyrian king

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82

ostraca

pottery sherds with inscriptions or writing on them

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83

Israelite sanctuary

a surprising discovery at Arad

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84

hanging gardens

one oft he seven wonders of the world built by Nebuchadnezzar in Babylon for his wife

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85

Ishtar Gate

most famous gate of the eight gates in Babylon's double wall defense system

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86

Amos

condemned Samaria for her houses of ivory

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87

bullae

a number of these have been found that verify the names mentioned by Jeremiah or associated with him

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88

Baruch

a bullae seal found with this man's name and partial fingerprint on it

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89

Lachish Letters

written during the time of Jeremiah and King Zedekiah, just before the Babylonian siege, describing the terrible conditions

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90

Lachish Letters

one of the most important extra-Biblical sources available for Hebrew language and handwriting, and for the history of Judah in the days of Jeremiah

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91

olive presses

hundreds of these found in the inland plains and in Samaria, most likely from the time of Isaiah, confirming a large number of people partook in this endeavor

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92

outside city limits

where the Israelites buried their dead

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93

assassination

how Isaiah prophesied that Sennacherib would die

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94

Babylonian Chronicles

where Sennacherib's death by assassination as predicted by Isaiah is recorded

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95

Arad, Be'er-sheva

two high places in Negev

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96

Hezekiah

stopped the pagan worship in the Negev high places

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97

tartan

Assyrian term for supreme commander

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98

rab saris

Assyrian term for chief officer

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99

supreme commander

tartan

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100

chief officer

rab saris

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