AP LANG TERMS 2

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41 Terms

1

Litotes

Deliberate use of understatement

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2

Rhetorical question

Asking a question, not for the purpose of eliciting an answer but to assert or deny an answer implicitly

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3

Irony

Use of a word in such a way as to convey a meaning opposite to the literal meaning of the word

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4

Onomatopoeia

Use of words whose sound echoes the sense

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5

Oxymoron

The joining of two terms which are ordinarily contradictory

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6

Paradox

An apparently contradictory statement that nevertheless contains a measure of truth

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7

Allegory

The device of using character and/or story elements symbolically to represent an abstraction in addition to the literal meaning.

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8

Allusion

A direct or indirect reference to something which is presumably commonly known, such as an event, book,

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9

myth, place, or work of art.

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10

Analogy

A similarity or comparison between two different things or the relationship between them. An (x) can

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11

explain something unfamiliar by associating it with or pointing out its similarity to something more familiar.

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12

Antecedent

The word, phrase, or clause referred to by a pronoun.

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13

Aphorism

A terse statement of known authorship which expresses a general truth or a moral principle.

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14

Atmosphere

The emotional nod created by the entirety of a literary work, established partly by the setting and partly by

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15

the author's choice of objects that are described.

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16

Caricature

A verbal description, the purpose of which is to exaggerate or distort, for comic effect or ridicule, a person's

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17

distinctive physical features or other characteristics.

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18

Clause

A grammatical unit that contains both a subject and a verb.An independent, or main, (x) expresses a

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19

complete thought and can stand alone as a sentence. A dependent, or subordinate (x), cannot stand alone as a sentence and must be accompanied by an independent clause.

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20

Colloquial/Colloquialism

The use of slang or informalities in speech or writing. Not generally acceptable for formal

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21

writing, (x's) give a work a conversational, familiar tone. (x) expressions in writing include local or regional dialects.

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22

Conceit

A fanciful expression, usually in the form of an extended metaphor or surprising analogy between seemingly

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23

dissimilar objects, usually used in poetry. A (x) displays intellectual cleverness as a result of the unusual comparison being mad

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24

Diction

Related to style, (x) refers to the writer's word choices, especially with regard to their correctness, clearness, or effectiveness.

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25

Denotation

The strict, literal, dictionary definition of a word, devoid of any emotion, attitude, or color

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26

Connotation

The non-literal, associative meaning of a word; the implied, suggested meaning. (xs) may involve ideas, emotions, or attitudes

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27

Ethos

In writing and speaking, a persuasive appeal to the audience based on the credibility, good character, etc., of

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28

the speaker/writer.

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29

Euphemism

From the Greek for "good speech,"

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30

Extended metaphor

A metaphor developed at great length, occurring frequently in or throughout a work.

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31

Generic conventions

This term describes traditions for each genre. These conventions help to define each genre; for

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example, they differentiate an essay and journalistic writing or an autobiography and political writing.

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33

Homily

This term literally means "sermon," but more informally, it can include any serious talk, speech, or lecture

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involving moral or spiritual advice.

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35

Imagery

The sensory details or figurative language used to describe, arouse emotion, or represent abstractions.

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36

Inference/infer

To draw a reasonable conclusion from the information presented. When a multiple choice question asks for an (x) to be drawn from a passage, the most direct, most reasonable inference is the safest answer choice. If an (x) is implausible, it's unlikely to be the correct answer..

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37

Invective

An emotionally violent, verbal denunciation or attack using strong, abusive language.

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38

"But it is the grandeur of all truth which can occupy a very high place in human interests that it is never absolutely novel to the meanest of minds; it exists eternally, by way of germ of latent principle, in the lowest as in the highest, needing to be developed but never to be planted."

Antecedent EXAMPLE

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39

"Last week I saw a woman flayed, and you will hardly believe how much it altered her appearance for the worse."

Litotes EXAMPLE

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40

He was destined to fail; he always flew too close to the sun.

Allusion EXAMPLE

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41

Orwell's Animal Farm is...

Allegory Example

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