American History Chapter 6

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July 4, 1776

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US History

46 Terms

1

July 4, 1776

Declaration of Independence adopted

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2

1777

Battle of Saratoga

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3

1781

Battle of Yorktown

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4

1783

Treaty of Paris

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5

Olive Branch Petition

July 1775; colonies sent a petition to George III to repair their relationship

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6

Continental Congress

Issued a document entitled Declaration of the Cause and Necessity of Taking up arms

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7

Hessians

German soldiers

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8

Thomas Paine

Authored an pamphlet entitled Common Sense

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9

Richard Henry Lee

proposed on June 7, 1776 that America should be free from England

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10

Declaration of Independence

most important human statement of political principles in history

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11

John Locke

social contract theory; individuals have rights to life, liberty, and property

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12

William Blackstone

Commentaries on the Laws of England

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13

Patriots

supported independence from England

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14

Loyalists

supported the king and his authority

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15

Proclamation of Rebellion

What did the King issue in England

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16

Prohibitory Acts

What did Parliament issue

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17

Robert Morris

appointed Superintendent of Finance

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18

Haym Solomon

Polish Jew who helped finance the war

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19

Benedict Arnold

colonial general who committed treason when he handed over West

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20

General William Howe

Who sailed to New York after fleeing Boston

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21

Lord Richard Howe

Who led the British fleet that forced Washington to retreat

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22

Hessians

Who did Washington defeat in Trenton on Christmas day

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23

Horatio Gates

Who was Burgoyne surrounded by

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24

Saratoga

Where was Burgoyne forced to surrender

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25

Battle of Saratoga

What was the turning point for the war of independence

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26

Brandywine and Germantown

Where did General Howe defeat Washington

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27

Valley Forge

Where did Washington’s army fled to

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28

Sir Henry Clinton

replaced General Howe; abandoned Philadelphia in the spring of 1778 and moved to NYC

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29

George Rogers Clark

led the patriots on the frontier

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30

Joseph Brant

native American leader who helped the British; became a missionary to his people

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31

Anthony Wayne

recaptured Stony Point for the patriots

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32

Privateers

civilian captains and ships (fought most of the naval battles)

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33

John Paul Jones

led the Bonhomme Richard to defeat the Serapis

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34

General Cornwallis

led a campaign vs the patriots in the South

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35

Francis Marion

“Swamp Fox”

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36

Thomas Sumter

“Game Cock”

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37

Battle of King’s Mountain

checked the advance of the British

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38

Nathanael Greene

The “Fighting Quaker”, led the British away from their reinforcements

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39

Battle of Yorktown

Washington attacked Cornwallis from the North with the French

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40

Stony Point

What did Anthony Wayne recapture

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41

America

Who did not have an official navy

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42

Bonhomme Richard

What did John Paul Jones lead

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43

Comte de Grasse

Who led the French fleet that blocked the entrance to Chesapeake Bay

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44

Philadelphia

What did the British capture in the results of victories

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45

America

Who turned down the British proposal

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46

October 19, 1781

What date was Cornwallis forced to surrender

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