Introduction of Neuroscience 

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Thalamus

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1

Thalamus

________: which part of the diencephalon of the processes emotional and some memory information, integrates different sensations, regulates consciousness, arousal & attention…essentially processes sensory information and relays a motor response.

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2

Spinal Accessory

________: which cranial nerve elevates shoulders and turns head.

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3

Cerebrocerebellum Cerebral Cortex

________: which cerebellar connection communicates with the cerebrum and is the final check to the movement being sent out.

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4

CSF (cerebrospinal fluid)

________: modified filtrate of plasma, circulates from cavities in the brain to the surface of CNS into the venous blood system.

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5

Vestibulocochlear

________: which cranial nerve senses of head position relative to gravity and head movement, hearing.

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6

Subthalamus

________: which part of the diencephalon is a part of the neural circuit control movements (aids in movement control)

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7

Hypothalamus

________: which part of the diencephalon maintains body temperature, metabolic rate and chemical composition of tissues & fluids (communicates with endocrine gland to regulate secretions)

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8

Autonomic

________: which PNS system has nerve endings on our organs…automatically functioning, we are not conscious about entire neurons, sensory nerve endings, synapses, ganglia.

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9

innervation

Weakness in muscles can be caused by ________ issue.

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10

Somatic

_____: which PNS system are we conscious about it "feel it act on"... axons, sensory nerve endings, myelin.

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11

Mid brain

________: where does info crosses over from one side to another.

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12

Vestibulocerebellum

________ (Flocculonodular Lobe): which cerebellar connection detects head position relative to gravity…coordinates with inner ear & postural reflexes to keep us upright while we sit /move.

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13

Hippocampus function

________= turning working memory to long lasting memory.(function of which part of the cerebrum)

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14

Oculomotor

________: which cranial nerve moves pupil of eyes up & down, raises upper eyelid, constricts pupil.

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15

Hippocampus

The ________ and Amygdala: apart of the limbic system…processes emotions and memory.

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16

Oligodendrocytes

________: myelinate nerves of the CNS.

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17

sensory fiber

Motor and ________ tracts travel through the brainstem.

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18

Vagus

________: which cranial nerve regulates viscera, swallowing, speech & taste.

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19

Motor fibers

________ carry info towards the PNS /Muscles (EFFERENT)

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20

Micro-Gila

________: scavengers, remove plaques in the brain.

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21

Systems Neuroscience

investigates groups of neurons that preform a common function

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22

Behavioral Neuroscience

looks at the interaction among systems that effect behavior (looking at the output), behaviors influenced by environment and society

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23

Cognitive Neuroscience

looks in the fields of thinking, learning and memory

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24

Central Nervous System

composed of the brain system and spinal cord

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25

Peripheral Nervous System

composed of peripheral nerves, spinal and cranial nerves

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26

Neuron Theory

functions of the nervous system reflects the function of individual neurons, group of neurons and their connections

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27

Bipolar Neuron

Which type of neuron is categorized as special senses of the face…found in retina, olfactory, ear (eyes & ears) , sensory info to brain

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28

Pseudo-unipolar Neuron

Which type of neuron is categorized as/found in sympathetic ganglion, sensory info to the brain …found in sympathetic ganglia

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29

Multipolar Neuron

Which type of neuron is categorized as (most common neuron image) motor neurons…found in distal PNS

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30

Grey Matter

What type of matter is found in Ganglia, Nuclei, Cortex (information is integrated in _____ matter)

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31

White Matter

What type of matter is found in Tract, Lemniscus, Fasciculus, Column, Peduncle, Capsule (internal cortex,doing various functions) (aka the highs for information to travel)

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32

Glial of the CNS

these "helper" cells out number neurons

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33

Astro

Which type of glial help support grey matter…Others support BB

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34

Micro-Glial

Which type of glial are scavengers, remove plaques in the brain

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35

Ependyma

Which type of glial are responsible for the formation and movement of spinal fluid & lining of ventricles

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36

Oligodendrocytes

which cells myelinate nerves of the CNS

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37

Dorsal region

Which region of the spinal cord contain interneurons and the ends of sensory neurons

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38

Lateral region

Which region of the spinal cord contain autonomic cell bodies

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39

Ventral region

Which region of the spinal cord contain bodies of motor neurons and interneurons

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40

Brainstem (3 sections)

Mid-brain, Pons and Medulla Oblongata

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41

Mid-brain

in the brainstem where info crosses over from one side to another

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42

Pons

in the brainstem where roots of cranial nerves 5,6,7,8

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43

Medulla

in the brainstem where roots of cranial nerves 9,10,11,12

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44

Cranial Nerves

1-12

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45

Olfactory

smell (CN?)

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46

Optic

vision (CN?)

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47

Oculomotor

moves pupil of eyes up & down, raises upper eyelid, constricts pupil (CN?)

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48

Trochlear

moves pupil of eye medially/down. (CN?)

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49

Trigeminal

Facial sensation, chewing sensation of TMJ (CN?)

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50

Abducens

abduct pupil of the eye (CN?)

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51

Facial

facial expression, closes eyes, tears, salivation and taste (CN?)

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52

Vestibulocochlear

sensation of head position relative to gravity and head movement, hearing (CN?)

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53

Glossopharyngeal

swallowing, salivation and taste (CN?)

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54

Vagus

regulates viscera, swallowing, speech & taste (CN?)

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55

Spinal Accessory

elevates shoulders and turns head (CN?)

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56

Hypoglossal

moves tongue (CN?)

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57

_Cerebellum

aka lil brain...

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58

Vestibulocerebellum (Flocculonodular Lobe)

Which cerebellar connection detects head position relative to gravity…coordinates with inner ear & postural reflexes to keep us upright while we sit/move

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59

Spinocerebellum/Spinal Cord

Which cerebellar connection checks the sensory input from the spinal cord and that it matches the motor output…if not the cerebellum will correct/override

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60

Cerebrocerebellum/ Cerebral Cortex

Which cerebellar connection communicates with the cerebrum and is the final check to the movement being sent out

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61

Thalamus

Which part of the Diencephalon processes emotional and some memory information, integrates different sensations, regulates consciousness, arousal & attention…essentially processes sensory information and relays a motor response

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62

Hypothalamus

Which part of the Diencephalon maintains body temperature, metabolic rate and chemical composition of tissues & fluids (communicates with endocrine gland to regulate secretions)

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63

Epithalamus

Which part of the Diencephalon influences the secretions of other endocrine glands

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64

Subthalamus

Which part of the Diencephalon part of the neural circuit control movements (aids in movement control)

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65

The basal ganglia in the cerebral hemispheres is composed of the...

Caudate, Putamen and Globus Pallidus

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66

Subthalamic Nucleus

which part of the basal ganglia is apart of the neural circuit

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67

The Hippocampus and Amygdala

which part of the cerebrum apart of the limbic system…processes emotions and memory

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68

Afferent axons

carries info TOWARDS CNS

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69

Efferent axons

carries info AWAY from CNS

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70

2 divisions of PNS

Somatic & Autonomic

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71

Somatic

Which division of the PNS are we conscious about it, "we feel it & act on it"…axons, sensory nerve endings, myelin

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72

Autonomic

Which division of the PNS are nerve endings on our organs…automatically functioning, we are not conscious about  entire neurons, sensory nerve endings, synapses, ganglia

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73

All SOMATIC

"What we know we're doing"

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74

Parasympathetic & Sympathetic

2 Autonomic systems have opposing effects on hollow organs

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75

Sympathetic

(Autonomic system) fight or flight…pupils dilate, HR increases, airways dilate, blood directed away from GI & towards skeletal muscles, ejaculation

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76

Parasympathetic

(Autonomic system) Rest & Digest (homeostasis) pupils constrict, HR decreases, Increase in GI blood flow and motility, blood to genitals increase

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77

Cerebrospinal Fluid System

_____ is composed of Ventricles and Meninges

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78

CFS

modified filtrate of plasma, circulates from cavities in the brain to the surface of CNS into the venous blood system

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79

Meninges

_____ are membranous coverings

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80

2 main arteries

Internal carotids & Vertebral arteries (posterior) are the __________ of the brain

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81

Circle of Willis (anastomotic ring)

_____ supplies to the cerebral hemispheres

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82

Anterior

major supplier of the Cerebral Hemispheres, 1st branch of the internal carotid

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83

Middle

major supplier of the Cerebral Hemispheres, 2nd branch of the internal carotid

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84

Posterior

major supplier of the Cerebral Hemispheres, continues from the Circle of Willis

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85

Vasoneurium

Nerves need blood to the___________ contain blood supply, glial cells and supporting fascia

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