medical terminology packet 3

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kyph/o

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Tags and Description

the skeletal system

82 Terms

1

kyph/o

hump

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2

chondr/o

cartilage

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3

ankyl/o

crooked, bent, or stiff

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4

arthr/o

joint

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5

-um

noun ending

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6

crani/o

cranium, skull

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7

cost/o

rib

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8

-lysis

setting free, loosening

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9

myel/o

spinal cord, bone marrow

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10

-desis

surgical fixation of a bone or joint

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11

spondyl/o

vertebra, vertebrae

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12

scoli/o

curved

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13

lord/o

bent backward

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14

synovi/o, synov/o

synovial membrane

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15

oste/o

bone

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16

diaphysis

shaft of a long bone

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17

tarsal

short bones that make up each ankle

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18

manubrium

upper portion of the sternum

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19

synovial joint

movable joint

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20

pubis bone

bone located just below the urinary bladder

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21

foramen

opening in a bone through which the blood vessels, nerves, and ligaments pass

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22

ligament

connects one bone to another bone

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23

acetabulum

hip socket

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24

phalanges

bones of the fingers and toes

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25

process

normal projection on the surface of a bone that serves as an attachment for muscles and tendons

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26

sternum

breastbone

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27

zygomatic

cheekbones

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28

clavicle

collarbone

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29

patella

kneecap

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30

olecranon process

point of the elbow

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31

arthrolysis

surgical procedure for loosening of an ankylosed joint

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32

fibrous dysplasia

bone disorder of unknown cause that destroys normal bone structure and replaces it with fibrous (scar-like) tissue

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33

allogenic

bone marrow transplant that uses bone marrow from a donor

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34

vertebroplasty

performed to treat osteoporosis related compression fractures

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35

osteoarthritis

medical term for the form of arthritis that is commonly known as wear-and-tear arthritis

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36

lumbago

medical term for the condition commonly known as low back pain

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37

osteoclasis

surgical fracture of a bone to correct a deformity

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38

ankylosing spondylitis

form on rheumatoid arthritis characterized by progressive stiffening of the spine

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39

osteorraphy

surgical suturing, or wiring together, of a bone

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40

crepitation

sound that is heard when the ends of a broken bone move together

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41

BMT

bone marrow transplant

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42

CR

closed reduction

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43

Fx

fracture

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44

RA

rheumatoid arthritis

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45

TMJ

temporomandibular joint

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46

osteonecrosis

death of bone tissue

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47

lordosis

abnormal increase in the forward curvature of the lower or lumbar spine

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48

spina bifida

congenital defect

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49

myeloma

malignant tumor composed of cells derived from blood-forming tissues of the bone marrow

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50

callus

bulging deposit that forms around the area of a break during the healing of a fractured bone

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51

cranioectomy

performed to treat a patient with craniostenosis or to relieve increased intracranial pressure

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52

subluxation

partial displacement of a bone from its joint

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53

arthrodesis

procedure that stiffens a joint or joints several vertebrae. also known as surgical ankylosis or fusion

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54

arthroplasty

surgical procedure to replace a joint with an artificial joint

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55

hallux valgus

medical term for the condition commonly known as a bunion

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56

bursectomy

surgical removal of a bursa

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57

osteochrondroma

benign bony projection covered with cartilage

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58

osteomalacia

abnormal softening of the bones

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59

periostitis

inflammation of the periosteum

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60

spondylolisthesis

forward movement of the body of one of the lower lumbar vertebra on the vertebra below it

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61

osteopenia

thinner than average bone density

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62

costochrondritis

inflammation of the cartilage that connects a rib to the sternum

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63

arthroscopic surgery

minimally invasive procedure for the treatment of the interior of a joint

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64

greenstick fracture

bone partially bends and cracks and is not completely broken

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65

osteomyelitis

inflammation of the bone and bone marrow

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66

secondary bone cancer

cancer that starts in another part of the body and then spreads to the bones

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67

kyphosis

abnormal curvature of the spine, dowager’s hump

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68

autologous bone marrow transplant

harvesting one’s own bone marrow to receive later

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69

comminuted fracture

ends of the bones are crushed together

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70

chondroplasty

surgical repair of damaged cartilage in a joint

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71

dual x-ray absorptiometry

evaluation test for bone density

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72

traction

procedure that exerts a pulling force on the distal end of the affected limb

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73

talipes

congenital deformity of the foot involving the talus (ankle bones)

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74

osteosclerosis

abnormal hardening of the bone

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75

costectomy

surgical removal of a rib

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76

chondropathy

disease of cartilage

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77

arthrotomy

surgical incision of a joint

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78

chrondritis

inflammation of cartilage

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79

arthrectomy

surgical removal of a joint

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80

arthritis

inflammation of more than one joint

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81

costotomy

surgical incision or division of a rib or ribs

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82

craniomalacia

abnormal softening of the skull

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