10H Test 2

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middle/medieval english

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middle/medieval english

around 1066(Norman invasion)-middle/late 15th century

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Author of Canterbury Tales

Geoffrey Chaucer

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direct characterization

tells the audience what the personality of the character is

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indirect characterization

shows things that reveal the personality of the character

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STEAL - (S)

Speech

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STEAL - (T)

Thoughts

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STEAL - (E)

Effects on others

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STEAL - (A)

Actions

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STEAL - (L)

Looks

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What is the best contemporary picture we have of 14th century England?

Canterbury Tales

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How many pilgrims went on the pilgrimage to Canterbury?

30

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How many stories were supposed to be told?

120

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How many were finished?

24

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frame story

a story set within a story, narrative, or movie, told by the main or the supporting character

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Father of English Poetry

Chaucer

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heroic couplets

a pair of rhyming lines with five stressed syllables each

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Canterbury Prologue

introduces us to the characters, who met at a tavern in London

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Knight

highest status, chivalrous, fought nobly in many battles, modest clothing, wants to render thanks on the pilgrimage

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Squire

hot lover, writes poems and songs, knights son, plays flute and songs, short and agile, curly hair, about 20 years old

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Nun/Priestess/Madame Eglantyne

spoke French, loyal to St. Loy, pretends to care, golden broach that says "love conquers all" in Latin, fake

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Monk

keeps expensive horses and greyhounds, served St. Benedict & St. Maurice but ignored them, flaunting of wealth is looked down upon, too worldly for monk life

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Frair/Hubert

selfish, begs for money and keeps it, good with speech, wears expensive clothing, only wants to be around rich people

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Oxford Cleric

no ranking in church, only cares about books, thinks hes better than everyone

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Cook/Roger of Ware

makes amazing foods, but is not very sanitary

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Doctor

very smart, greedy, prescribes medicine using astrology, has a deal with the pharmacy

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Wife of Bath

somewhat deaf, good at sewing, had loose teeth, 5 husbands, gives excellent love advice, always wears a hat

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Parson

poor but educated, doesn't like tithes, would help someone no matter what

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Plowman

brother of parson, kind hearted, never slacks, helps the poor pay their taxes, pays tithes to the church

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Miller

224 lbs of muscle, nose with a wart that has red hair, big nose and mouth, carried a sword and shield, bad language, took grain and sold it 3x its worth, plays bagpipes

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Summoner

acne covered face, so ugly children run from him, heavy drinker, smells badly, will get people out of trouble for a bribe

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Pardoner

rode with the summoner, sings and plays the trumpet, sings at church sometimes, claims to have holy relics, cant grow a beard, feminine, gay(?)

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The Pardoners Tale (background)

The Pardoner is probably drunk when telling the tale, brags about how he swindles people, is an example of an exemplum

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exemplum

a short anecdote or story that illustrates a particular moral point

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When and why were exemplums created

In the late middle ages to be used in sermons

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Pardoners Tale (synopsis)

about how the love of money is the root of all evil, three rioters kill each other in an attempt to get the most money

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Wife of Baths Tale (background)

in the so called "marriage group" of the Canterbury tales, directed at the Pardoner(who is considering marriage), the tale is set in the times of King Arthur, the prologue is longer than the tale, discusses each of her five husbands

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Wife of Baths Tale (synopsis)

Knight rapes a woman and is about to be killed when Queen Guinevere decides to make him find out what women truly desire, and, he doesn't find it out until an old lady tells him, which saves his life, and so he has to marry her, and he gives her full control so she becomes a beautiful young woman

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Sir Gawain and the Green Knight (background)

One of the best known Arthurian stories, Pearl Poet, 1/4 alliterative poems written by Pearl Poet, bob and wheel story written in mid-late 14th century in middle English

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medieval romance

adventure stories that feature kings, knights, and damsels in distress and tell of quests, battles, and doomed love

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legends typically include

heroic figures and memorable deeds, quests, contests, or tests, patterned events

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Sir Gawain and the Green Knight Setting

Medieval England and Wales; begins at Arthurs Castle in Camelot; Green Chapel

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Sir Gawain

King Arthurs nephew, thinks hes the weakest, low self esteem

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Green Knight/Bertilack of Haughtdesert

the knight who challenged someone to take his head off, gave Gawain a knick on the neck

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Lady Bertilak

tried to tempt Gawain, gave him the green belt

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beheading trope

can be told to ensure crop growth, Irish tale is supreme courage, 12th century French romance is similar

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Sir Gawain and the Green Knight - exposition

King Arthur and the Boyz celebrate New Years/Christmas in Camelot

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Sir Gawain and the Green Knight - rising action

Green Knight gives the test and Sir Gawain accepts and cuts the Green Knights's head off

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Sir Gawain and the Green Knight - climax

the third swing of the axe

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Sir Gawain and the Green Knight - falling action

Green Knight says Gawain can keep the belt

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Sir Gawain and the Green Knight - denouement

Green Knight invites Gawain to next years New Years celebration

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Sir Gawain and the Green Knight - theme

loyalty, honor your promises

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Sir Gawain and the Green Knight - symbols

green girdle: failure -> honor and loyalty, green branch: peace

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Morte d'Arthur - author

Sir Thomas Malory

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Morte d'Arthur - background

written in Middle English prose, based on Arthurian legend, apart of a series of 8 books starting with Arthur's birth, first English novel ever published(published after Malorys death)

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Morte d'Arthur - setting

Medieval England

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King Arthur

King of Camelot

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Sir Gawain - Morte d'Arthur

nephew to King Arthur, died, came to his uncle in a vision and tried to warn him of his death

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Mordred

Illegitimate son of Arthur, killed Arthur

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Sir Lucan the Butler

Sir Bedivere's brother, loyal until death, tried to save the King, guts fell out

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Sir Bedivere

last of the Knights of the Table, disobeyed the dying King about putting Excalibur into Nimue's lake twice, put Excalibur into the lake, and prayed for Arthurs soul until death

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Morte d'Arthur - exposition

dreams

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Morte d'Arthur - rising action

someone sees a snake, draws blade to kill snake, which starts the battle where only four survive

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Morte d'Arthur - climax

the throwing of the sword into the lake

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Morte d'Arthur - falling action

Bedivere takes Arthur to the ship with the 3 queens

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Morte d'Arthur - denouement

Arthur gets buried and Bedivere prays for Arthurs soul

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Excalibur

a symbol of power, honor, and strength, given to Arthur by the lady of the lake, scabbard could heal wounds, Morgan le Fay stole the scabbard

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Margaret Paston Letters - background

written from 1465-1467 to her husband and son, written in Norwich, England(100 miles from London), gives us first hand information about life from the middle ages(women were still not respected), showed us what a remarkable woman she was

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primary sources

documents from the past that report or indicate events or values of the time; includes inscriptions, legal documents, and songs

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Land Rights

a time of upheaval due to War of Roses, roaming armies, reward for faithful service, cleaver lawyers got people land, women still had limited rights and land ownership

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folk ballad

narrative poem intended to be sung, four line stanzas(quatrains) in which the 2nd and 4th lines usually rhyme, dialog, recounts tragic, comic, or heroic stories with an emphasis on a central dramatic event

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folk ballad common themes

death by murder or accident

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dialect

a form of language spoken by people in a particular region or group

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Twa Corbies - background

a border between England and Scotland, ballad of the Anglo-Saxon tradition

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Twa Corbies

Stanzas: 5

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Rhyme Scheme: AA BB

Twa Corbies

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Dialect: gang - go, twa - 2

Twa Corbies

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Synopsis: Ravens eating a forgotten knight

Twa Corbies

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Lord Randall - background

Anglo-Saxon border ballad consisting of dialogue between a young lord and his mother

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Lord Randall

Stanzas: 5

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Rhyme Scheme: ?

Lord Randall

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Dialect: wald - would

Lord Randall

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Synopsis: A man gets poisoned by his lover

Lord Randall

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Get Up and Bar the Door - background

a humorous medieval Scottish ballad about a battle of wills between a husband and wife

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Get Up and Bar The Door

Stanzas: 11

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