Intro to World Religion Exam 1 flashcards

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Minimalist

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Minimalist

It's choosing to spend more time living out your faith, not focusing completely on it

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Maximalist

religion ought to permeate all aspects of life

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Monothetic

one essence

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Polythetic

multiple essences, not all of them necessary

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Emic

insider

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Etic

outsider

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Primary Source

original texts from religious traditions, unaltered

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Secondary source

theoretical analysis and interpretations from academia or religious contexts (esp. theorists)

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Experiential source

texts

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Perennialist

proposes that call religions share something in common

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Cosmogony

creation story, from chaos to orientation

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Profane

ordinary, can be used in any fashion, no special rules that govern our behavior

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Sacred

different and real from other spaces, orientation in the chaos

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Hierophany

a breakthrough of the sacred into the word ie appearance of god, sacred land

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Axis Mundi

fixed, central point that sis the focus of religious orientation

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Sunni Islam

strictly opposes any belief in divine intermediates, prophet had no divine authority

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Matn

the content, report, or saying in the Hadith

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Isnad

the list of names who transmitted information from Muhammad in the Hadith

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brahmanism

the religious and social system of orthodox Hinduism

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Vedas

sacred texts of hinduism

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Puja

worship/prayer/ritual

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brahman

supreme bring

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Ganges River

axis mundi of Hinduism

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Buddha

"the awakened one" (siddartha Gautama)

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Siddhartha Gautama

born the son of a king

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Four Sights

old age sickness dead body ascetic

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Ascetic

pertaining to or characteristic of an ascetic or the practice of rigorous self-discipline

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Middle Way

not extremely ascetic and not completely ignorant, in the middle

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Monotheism

One god

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Tanakh

jewish scriptures/ the Hebrew bible

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Torah/Pentateuch

first five books of the tanakh

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Nevi'im

prophets

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Kethuvim

the writings

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Moses

jewish prophet, prince of Egypt

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Abraham

the first of the Old Testament patriarchs and the father of Isaac; according to Genesis, God promised to give Abraham's family the land of Canaan

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Covenant

a formal alliance or agreement made by God with a religious community or with humanity in general

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Exile

a person who is kicked out of a home or country

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Diaspora

the body of Jews outside Palestine or modern Israel

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Apocalyptic

religions that associate with the world ending

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Messiah

a person who would deliver Israel from foreign bondage and restore the glories of its golden age.

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Synagogue

jewish sacred place of worship

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Rabbinic/Rabbi

de centralized worship in synagogues, rabbi are spiritual teachers

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Midrash

process of study and interpretation

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Sruti

vedas

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Smrti

epic poems

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Dharma

basic principles of the cosmos; also: an ancient sage in Hindu mythology worshipped as a god by some lower castes

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Atman

soul/self

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Samsara (Hindu)

cycle of birth, death,rebirth

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Karma (Hindu)

action, the things we do in this life shape the circumstances of future lives

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Moksha

liberation from samsara

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Varnashramadarma

the duties a Hindu should follow depending on their stage in life and their caste .

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Trimurti

the triad of divinities of later Hinduism

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Dukkha

suffering in buddhism

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Anatta/anatman

no eternal seld, no attman

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Nirvana

the beatitude that transcends the cycle of reincarnation; characterized by the extinction of desire and suffering and individual consciousness

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Orthodox Judaism

historically traditional, emphasis on torah as revelation

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Conservative Judaism

authority from the community rather than revelation

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Reform Judaism

emphasis evolving nature of Judaism, ethical aspects over ritual

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Elohim

newer term for god, reflects jewish society in exile

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Yahweh

a name for the God of the Old Testament as transliterated from the Hebrew consonants YHVH

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Priestly Source

a theory of the origins of the Bible, perhaps the most widely recognized source underlying the Torah

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Jahweh Source

an early source that provides a strand of the Pentateuchal narrative

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Jesus Christ

the son of god, and the messiah in christianity

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Bible

the sacred writings of the Christian religions

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New Testament

christianity/bible

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Trinity

father, son, and the holy spirit

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Eastern Orthodox

established in Constantinople, 220 million

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Roman Catholic

established in Rome 1.3 billion

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Protestant

established in Europe as a split from Roman Catholics by Martin Luther 800 million

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Crucifixion

the death of Jesus by crucifixion, nailing of a person on a cross

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Brahma

the Creator; one of the three major deities in the later Hindu pantheon

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Shiva

hindu destroyer of worlds

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Vishnu

the sustainer; a Hindu divinity worshipped as the preserver of worlds

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Saktas

the cycle of birth and rebirth

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Mahadevi

worships mother goddess, goddess worship

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Saivites

one who worships shiva

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Vaishnavites

worships vishnu

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Rites of Passage

rites which accompany every change of place, state, social position, and age

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Preliminaire

separation from community

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Anicca

principle of impermanence (everything changes nothing tastes)

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Theravada

Monastic branch of buddhism, mainly in south east Asia

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Mahayana

a major school of Buddhism teaching social concern and universal salvation; China; Japan; Tibet; Nepal; Korea

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Vajrayana

latest development as an offshoot of Mahayana, buddhahood can be attained within one lifetime

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Monastic

religious practitioners who seclude themself from everyday life

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