11.1 El franquismo en España

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68 Terms
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abarcar

to span, encompass

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acaudalado

affluent

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adinerado

wealthy, moneyed

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agudizar

to aggravate, exacerbate

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agudo

acute

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el analfabetismo

illiteracy

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el/la analfabeto/a

illiterate

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la apertura

opening (up)

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apoyar

to support

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el apoyo

support

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la autodefensa

self-defence

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el campesino

peasant farmer

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la clase dirigente

ruling class

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el comercio, el negocio

trade, business

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la cordillera

mountain range

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el crecimiento

growth

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la deficiencia

deficiency

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degradarse

to deteriorate

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desequilibrado

unequal

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desplazar

to oust, displace

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destronar

to dethrone, oust

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desventajado

deprived, disadvantaged

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la deuda

debt

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dialogar

to negotiate

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ejercer

to exert

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empobrecerse (me empobrezco)

to impoverish

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endémico

endemic

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endeudado

in debt

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el enfrentamiento

confrontation

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enriquecerse (me enriquezco)

to make rich

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ensangrentar

to cover in blood

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erradicar

to eradicate

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la escasez

shortage, scarcity

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estancarse

to stagnate

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la expropiación

expropriation, seizure (of land/property)

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falta de

lack, shortage of

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fraudulento

fraudulent

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el/la fundador/a

founder

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el golpe militar

military coup

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la guerrilla

guerrilla warfare, group

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la hambruna

famine

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la hectárea

hectare

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el impuesto sobre la renta

income tax

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la indigencia

destitution, poverty

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la inseguridad

insecurity

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el intervalo

gap

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liderar

to lead

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la masacre

massacre

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las mercancías

goods

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el micro-crédito

small-scale loan

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el negocio

business, deal

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el nivel de vida

standard of living

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pactar

to reach an agreement

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padecer de (padezco)

to suffer from

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el país en vías de desarrollo

developing country

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partidista

partisan

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pasar de (algo)

to not care about something

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el recordatorio

reminder

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relevar

to substitute

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repoblar (repueblo)

to repopulate

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sectario

sectarian

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la soberanía

sovereignty

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el soborno

bribe

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la/la terrateniente

land owner

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la tregua

truce

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turbio

murky

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vincular

to link

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violar

to violate

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