Endocrine System Revision

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This parathyroid hormone is the primary regulator of blood Ca++ levels.

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1

This parathyroid hormone is the primary regulator of blood Ca++ levels.

PTH (parathyroid hormone)

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2

This adrenal cortex hormone causes K+ secretion.

Aldosterone

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3

This pancreatic hormone stimulates the production of glucose.

Glucagon

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4

This is the primary hormone produced by the granulose cells in the ovaries.

Estrogen

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5

This hormone is produced primarily by the corpus luteum of the ovaries.

Progesterone

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6

This is the primary male sex hormone produced by the testes.

Testosterone

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7

The most important regulator of metabolism; from the thyroid gland.

T3 and T4

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8

This hormone released from the adrenal medulla takes place in the "fight or flight" reaction.

Epinephrine (adrenaline)

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9

This is the primary stress hormone from the adrenal cortex.

Cortisol

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10

This anterior pituitary hormone is essential for the stress response.

ACTH (adrenocorticotropic hormone)

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11

This hormone from the adrenal medulla increases levels of glucose and other fuels.

Epinephrine (adrenaline)

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12

This pancreatic hormone promotes storage of organic fuels.

Glucagon

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13

From the atria of the heart, this hormone increases excretion of Na+.

ANP (atrial naturetic peptide)

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14

From the kidney this hormone increases production of red blood cells.

Erythropoetin

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15

Hormones that stimulate other endocrine glands

Tropic hormones

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16

Hormones act as ___ messengers.

Chemical

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17

Hormones control body function by altering __ activity.

Cellular

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18

Hormones travel in the blood to specific ___ cells.

Target

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19

Hormones are produced by ___ glands.

Endocrine

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20

Chemical categories of hormones.

Amino acid based, prostaglandins, Steroids

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21

Steroid hormones activate genes which leads to synthesis of new ___.

Proteins

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22

Steroid hormones bind to a receptor protein in the ___.

Nucleus

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23

Non-steroid hormones catalyze a reaction that produces a___ messenger.

Second

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24

Hormones are transported to target cells via the ___.

Blood

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25

The two non-steroid types of hormones are:

Amino acid based, prostaglandins

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26

The secretion of hormones from the anterior lobe of thePituitary gland is largely controlled by

Hypothalamus

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27

The chief means of regulating blood levels of nearly all Hormone levels.

Negative feedback

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28

What is a hormone?

A chemical messenger

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29

Non-steroid hormones have receptor proteins located In the _________________ of their target cells.

Plasma membrane

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30

Hormone concentrations are regulated by what 4 things?

Levels of substances in the blood, Negative feedback mechanisms, Nerve control, Other hormones

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31

What hormone causes an increase in blood plasma Ca++ Ion concentrations?

PTH (parathyroid hormone)

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32

What hormone regulates Na+ and K+ ion concentration And water balance?

ADH (antidiuretic hormone)

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33

What hormone causes a decrease in blood plasma Ca++ Ion concentrations?

Calcitonin

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34

What hormone lowers blood sugar (glucose)?

Insulin

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35

During childhood, this endocrine gland influences the maturation and programming of T lymphocytes.

Thymus

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36

What hormone raises the blood sugar (glucose) level?

Glucagon

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37

Which endocrine gland produces iodine containing hormones That control metabolism?

Thyroid

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38

Responses to danger are attributed to the sudden release Of which hormone?

Epinephrine (adrenaline)

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39

Diabetes insipidus, a condition in which water is lost in Significant amounts is the result of hyposecretion of:

ADH (antidiuretic hormone)

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40

Which hormone directs the formation of bones and muscles in both sexes?

GH (growth hormone)

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41

The lack of enough of which hormone causes excessive thirst,And high blood glucose levels

Insulin

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42

What hormone stimulates breakdown of bone and increase Of blood calcium?

PTH (parathyroid hormone)

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43

The insufficiency of this causes abnormally small stature And normal proportions.

GH (growth hormone)

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44

Thyroxine (T4) functions to ___ metabolism.

Increase

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45

Which gland produces melatonin?

Pineal

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46

Which gland produces prolactin?

Anterior pituitary

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47

Which gland produces thymosin?

Thymus

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48

Which gland secretes norepinephrine?

Adrenal medulla

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49

Which gland secretes ADH?

Posterior pituitary

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50

Which gland secretes cortisol?

Adrenal cortex

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51

Which gland produces growth hormone?

Anterior pituitary

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52

Which gland secretes glucagon?

Pancreas

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53

Which gland secretes oxytocin?

Posterior pituitary

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54

Which gland secretes calcitonin?

Thyroid

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55

Which gland secretes T3 and T3?

Thyroid

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56

Which gland produces insulin?

Pancreas

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57

Which gland produces ACTH?

Anterior pituitary

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58

Which gland produces LH?

Anterior pituitary

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59

Which glands secrete androgens?

Adrenal cortex and testes

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60

Which gland produces FSH?

Anterior pituitary

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61

Which glands secrete estrogen?

Adrenal cortex and ovaries

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62

Which hormones do the ovaries secrete?

Estrogen and progesterone

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63

Which gland secretes TSH?

Anterior pituitary

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64

Which organ secretes secretin?

Duodenum (small intestine)

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65

Which organ secretes ANP?

Heart

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66

Which organ secretes renin?

Kidney

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67

Which organs secretes cholecystokinin?

Duodenum (small intestine)

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68

Which organ secretes gastrin?

Stomach

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69

Which organ secretes vitamin D?

Skin

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70

Which structure secretes estrogen, progesterone and HgC Human gonadocotropic hormone.

Placenta

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71

Inadequate amounts of which iodine containing hormone May cause goiters?

T3 and T4

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72

Which hormone helps to establish the body's sleep and Wake cycles?

Melatonin

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73

Which hormone causes contraction of the uterus?

Oxytocin

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74

What are the organs (not glands) that produce hormones?

Placenta, intestine, kidney, heart, stomach, skin

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75

Which hormone is considered the basal metabolic hormones?

T3 and T4

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76

When does GH significantly stop secretions?

Young adulthood

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77

Which hormone is reported to improve mood?

Melatonin

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78

What is the ceasing of menses in women called?

Menopause

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79

Inadequate amounts of which hormone may cause lethargy?

T3 and T4

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80

What hormone decreases the most during menopause?

Estrogen

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81

Inadequate amounts of which hormone may cause Hypothyroidism (slow metabolism)?

T3 and T4

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82

What do the adrenal glands sit on top of?

Kidneys

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83

Inadequate amounts of which hormone may cause pituitary Dwarfism- abnormally short stature?

GH (growth hormone)

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84

What happens to glandular activity in old age?

It decreases (slows)

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85

Which two hormones (or synthetically created versions)Have been misused as performance enhancing drugs?

Growth hormone and testosterone

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86

What gland does ACTH stimulate?

Adrenal

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87

Which hormone acts antagonistically to insulin?

Glucagon

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88

What gland does TSH stimulate?

Thyroid

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89

What gland does LH stimulate?

Ovaries

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90

What gland does ICSH stimulate?

Testes

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91

Which hormone acts antagonistically to calcitonin?

PTH (parathyroid hormone)

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92

What gland is the main producer of estrogen?

Ovary

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93

Ovulation is the result of the sudden and dramatic release of Large quantities of what hormone?

LH (lutenizing hormone)

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94

What hormone is directly responsible for the development Of the male secondary sexual characteristics?

Testosterone

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95

What hormone is responsible for the development and Maintenance of female secondary sexual characteristics?

Estrogen

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96

Which gland secretes progesterone?

Ovary

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97

Which glands secrete glucocorticoids?

Adrenal cortex

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98

Which hormones are necessary for milk production and Release?

Oxytocin and prolactin

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99

Which gland is near the larynx?

Thyroid

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100

Which gland is under the breastbone?

Thymus

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